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Fdr And The New Deal Essay

887 words - 4 pages

Paul Gracey FDR and the New Deal Essay October 26, 2000 History Mrs. Strong Franklin Roosevelt has been called the greatest president to date. He is often considered one of the most influential leaders of the twentieth century. President Roosevelt began a new era in American history by ending the Great Depression that the country had fallen into in 1929. His social reforms gave people a new perspective on Government. Government was not only expected to protect the people from foreign invaders, but to protect against poverty and joblessness. One of the main points of his campaign was the New Deal. In his New Deal he spoke of relief and money for public works. He wanted to develop a plan to cut agricultural overproduction. He supported public power and unemployment insurance, as well as stock market regulation. Once FDR was inaugurated in 1933 one of his first steps was to take action upon the bank problem. He declared a "bank holiday"that began on March 6, 1933 and lasted four days. All banks in the nation were closed until the Department of Treasury could examine each one's situation. Shortly after the President restored confidence in the banks, what is known as the "100 days" began. The President began to submit recovery and reform laws to congress for approval. What eventually emerged from the 100 days was what is known as the 3 R's "“Relief, Recovery and Reform. One of the first relief actions was known as the Emergency Relief Act. This established the Federal Emergency Administration (FERA) and he pushed to get $500 million to be spent immediately for quick relief. Next to come was the Reforestation act of 1933. It helped to stop and repair some of the environmental damage that had occurred as a result of the industrial revolution. Most importantly it created the Civilian Conservation Core which gave more than 2.5 million men jobs. CCC projects included reforestation, road construction, soil erosion and flood control. The Agricultural Adjustment Act was designed to help American farmers. Production was cut to increase demand, therefore raising the price of crops and the standard of living for farmers. The National Recovery Act was designed to balance the interests of business and labor and consumers/workers as well as reducing unemployment. The NIRA also set a new standard called the minimum wage. Next was the Tennessee Valley Authority. The goal of the TVA was to reform the poorest part of the country the Tennessee River Valley. The...

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