This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Fdr's Relief, Recovery And Reform Essay

2684 words - 11 pages

During the time period of 1933 through 1938, Franklin Delano Roosevelt sought to wage war on the Great Depression. He waged this war through programs aimed at three different goals-relief, recovery and reform. Via these three R's, Roosevelt targeted many aspects of the economy from banks to the living conditions of the people. He helped the American people regain faith in themselves while at the same time bringing hope as he promised prompt and vigorous action while asserting in his Inaugural Address that "the only thing we have to fear is fear itself." As a result of FDR's efforts and with a shift of the government in the people's lives from being passive to active, America was able to walk on more stable ground, even with a few stumbles here and there.As FDR was inaugurated, he wasted no time getting to work on the New Deal. The New Deal included federal action of extraordinary range to fuel the recovery of the industry, assist victims of the Depression, guarantee minimum living and working standards and prevent these types of economic crises from happening again in the future. After the Stock Market Crash of 1929, as depicted in Doc J, the number of unemployed nonfarm workers skyrocketed. Along with statistics such as a 25% unemployment rate, 22% of banks failing, 55% decrease in farming, worker incomes down 41% and the value of goods being produced in the economy down almost a half also made it clear that immediate action was necessary. FDR answered such a call and within his first "hundred days" he proposed to Congress the New Deal program to bring relief to the unemployed and to those in danger of losing their farms and homes, recovery to businesses and agriculture, and reform to catastrophes and current abuses of that time period.FDR's administration's relief policies led to the formation of many "alphabetical" agencies between 1933 and 1935. These agencies included the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA). FERA and the CCC were just the beginning of the New Deal. The CCC provided employment to young men with tasks such as flood control, swamp drainage and fire fighting. FERA was another agency like the CCC, but it was aimed only at the unemployed adults of the population. FERA helped pass the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) which made millions of dollars available to farmers so they can meet their mortgages. Farmers were paid not to produce agricultural so that the farm production decreases. Then prices of crops would rise due to the decreasing surplus of crops. As a result, the farmers felt the relief of the AAA when the prices of crops rose 150%.There was also the Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) that was helped passed by FERA. It targeted non farm houses and was designed to refinance their mortgages and it was able to assist about a million households. It also relieved mortgage holding banks. It was so helpful that it locked in place the political loyalties of the middle class...

Find Another Essay On FDR's relief, recovery and reform

The Great Depression: causes and cures

648 words - 3 pages % in 1944.Although Roosevelt's New Deal was met with a recession and did not permanently fix the economy, his keynesian based program did provide immediate recovery and relief to the American people and in addition, the New Deal legacy lives on today as many of his ideas and administrations still exist today to prevent another Great Depression.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the "New Deal"

1752 words - 7 pages movement wanted to fix the problems created by industrialization and urbanization (while the New Deal was to fix economy problems from the depression). To progressives, economic privilege and corrupt politics threatened democracy. Progressivism embraced many types of reform, when the New Deal addressed reforms, relief, and recovery. Progressives strove, variously, to curb corporate power, to end business monopolies, and to wipe out political

The New Deal in the US

973 words - 4 pages the legislature in for a special session. During the next hundred days Roosevelt had the congress at his mercy, boasting his three R's, Relief, Recovery, Reform. The Congress passed hundreds of bills into laws all known under many different acronyms, which was later called 'alphabet soup.'         One of the first streams of legislation was to reform the banking of the country. In 1933 Congress passed the Emergency Banking Relief Act of

Roosevelt's Socialist Plans

1795 words - 7 pages , recovery, and reform. Direct relief and economic recovery were the short term goals and financial reform was the long term goal of the New Deal programs. (Big Tent Democract) The New Deal programs did reach some of their short term goals, but did not ever reach the long term goal of financial reform. Roosevelt’s New Deal did not improve America’s economy as many people believe. In fact, the New Deal has harmed America in the long run. During the New

New Deal

889 words - 4 pages economy was not changed.Was the New Deal successful? No. Still no job, depressed economy, and losing of capitalism, were not changed after FDR's New Deal. Because FDR went too far, the close relationship between people and government affected the recovery of businesses. We had to know everything is related. But we still get benefits from it, such as the social security, unemployment insurance, and nice roadways, bridges. FDR's New Deal was not successful, but better than Herbert Hoover's "rugged individualism" in that situation.

Roosevelt and The New Deal

1686 words - 7 pages passive role. The government's responsibilities in peoples' lives changed and individuals' responsibilities changed too. The role of the government in peoples' lives expanded greatly during the New Deal era. When Roosevelt took office, his main goal was to provide relief for the country. He thought there were three key elements to getting out of the depression: relief, recovery, and reform. As part of his relief program, he passed the

Franklin D. Roosevelt and The New Deal

1673 words - 7 pages . Workers were angry about the ignoring of Section 7a of NIRA. Consumers complained about the raising prices. Some one even affirmed that NIRA actually delayed the Industrial Recovery. Finally in May 1935, the NIRA was adjudicated unconstitutional. 4. Federal relief by employing workers, appropriating funds, and public construction. In March, FDR organized the Civilian Conservation Corps to provide jobs to young men between 18-25. In May 12, FDR

Main Causes Of The Great Depression And How FDR's New Deal Helped The US Out Of It

1728 words - 7 pages Deal played a tremendous part in ending the Great Depression. FDR's New Deal consisted of items from the Emergency Banking Relief Act (9 Mar '33) and the Agriculture Adjustment Act (31 Mar '33) to the Tennessee Valley Authority (18 May '33) and the Banking (Glass-Steagall) Act of 1933 (16 June 1933). These ideas were some of the most important factors of the New Deal. In the Emergency Banking Relief Act the president was given broad powers over

american history

851 words - 3 pages innovative relief and various recovery initiatives that include; unemployment insurance, limits on working hours, elderly pension and substantial public works schemes that recognized him as a broadminded reformer[2: Hewitt, Nancy A., and Steven F. Lawson. Exploring American Histories: A Brief Survey. 2014. ]The "New Deal" by FDR battled the Great Depression on various fronts. In the renowned "First One Hundred Days" of his reign, FDR pressed through

american history

851 words - 3 pages innovative relief and various recovery initiatives that include; unemployment insurance, limits on working hours, elderly pension and substantial public works schemes that recognized him as a broadminded reformer[2: Hewitt, Nancy A., and Steven F. Lawson. Exploring American Histories: A Brief Survey. 2014. ]The "New Deal" by FDR battled the Great Depression on various fronts. In the renowned "First One Hundred Days" of his reign, FDR pressed through

The Impact of the Great Depression on Black Americans

1152 words - 5 pages rate from starvation rose rapidly. The number of evictions increased when no money was available to pay the rent. Americans roamed the streets searching for shelter in municipal lodging houses or Hoovervilles; some lived in railroad boxcars or constructed tents in vacant lots. When Franklin Roosevelt came to office in 1933, he emphasized relief, recovery, and reform through a program called the New Deal, but he had no plan to combat racial

Similar Essays

Critically Assess Zimbabwe's Present Economic Recovery And Reform Programmes. In Your Opinion, What Are Their Chances Of Success?

3778 words - 15 pages number of factors account for this hence the rampant poverty that has rocked the country today.An analysis of the various economic recovery and reform programmes is done summarily done below with more emphasis and time given to the most recent one - NERP.Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (ESAP)In October 1990, the Zimbabwe government succumbed to Western donor pressure and grudgingly agreed to implement the five-year Economic Structural

New Deal Essay

479 words - 2 pages helped or hurt the country's long-run prospects remains a question of great political controversy to this day, but there can be no denying the magnitude of change wrought by FDR's presidency.When it came to recovery, however, the New Deal's performance lagged. It was certainly successful in both short-term relief, and in implementing long-term structural reform. However, the New Deal failed to end the Great Depression. Throughout the decade of the

1930s Essay

714 words - 3 pages and a feeling of panic hit the nation (World Book, Vol.14, p.200). Roosevelt responded with a controversial policy that rocked the nation and what our nation stood for. Roosevelt's New Deal programs aimed at three R's- relief, recovery, and reform. The government established short range goals that included relief and immediate recovery, especially in the first two years. They then set up long-range goals which included permanent

The Causes And Resolution Of The Great Depression

642 words - 3 pages .Although Roosevelt's New Deal was met with a recession and did not permanently fix the economy, his keynesian based program did provide immediate recovery and relief to the American people and in addition, the New Deal legacy lives on today as many of his ideas and administrations still exist today to prevent another Great Depression.