Women In World War 2 Essay

911 words - 4 pages

“We can do it!” is what the famous Rosie the Riveter poster exclaimed. Rosie the Riveter was the icon of American women helping with the war effort. It was 1941 and the United States finally entered World War II. Most propaganda of the United States encouraged average women to join the workforce and help with the war efforts. With men fighting abroad, it was only necessary for women to start working and leave there normal lives of being a housewife. The War Department emphasized that with women working hard their sons, brothers, and husbands would return quicker (Women at War). Women became employed, volunteered, helped with the armed forces, and became nurses. Without women, the United States would if not been able to win the war.
In 1940, a year before the US joined World War II, a draft was placed for all men between the ages of 21 and 36. In 1942, when the United States entered the war, the draft became larger with men between the ages of 18 to 37 becoming eligible (United States imposes the draft). With men being drafted to go to war, they had to leave their families and there jobs. People were still needed to work in stores and especially in factories that were now being used to create war equipment. Most women before the war stayed at home and didn’t work but with the war things were changing for them. Women needed to work. By the middle of the 1940s, the amount of women working increased from 25 percent to 36 percent (The U.S. Home Front During World War II). One out of every four married women worked by 1945 (Rosie the Riveter). Many women began working in factories making war equipment. In 1943, more than 310,00 women worked in the aircraft industry. That was sixty-five percent of the total workforce (American Women in World War II). Despite being excluded from participating in the Armed Forces directly, women still found a way to assist them. Seventy percent of women who “served” in the Armed Forces completed jobs that were found suitable for women; for instance as typist, clerks, and mail sorters (Women in the Military - WWII). Even though these jobs were not as exiting as fighting abroad, these jobs needed to be filled. These jobs were important in maintaining the Armed Forces during the war. Women made a significant effect the workforce and they were definitely becoming more independent with the jobs they have taken.
Many women during World War II served in their communities volunteering their time with the USO and the American Red Cross. The USO, or the United Service Organization, was created by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to provide emotional support for troops and...

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