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Fear And Loathing In Russia Essay

932 words - 4 pages

Niccolo di Bernardo dei Machiavelli, the father of modern political philosophy, was born in Florence, Italy during the renaissance. Machiavelli is best known for The Prince which he wrote in 1532. In The Prince, Machiavelli offers political advice on an array of matters, such as whether as a leader it is better to be loved or feared. Machiavelli's philosophy can be related back to the Russian Tsars and Tsarinas. A specific quote that shows this is, “Where the willingness is great, the difficulties cannot be great.” ― Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince. In The Prince Machiavelli describes what are important traits in a leader, specifically the most sucessful Russian leaders were brave, visionarys, ruthless, and intimidating. Traits that describe Machiavelli's “despised prince” are being fickle, stuck in the past, and irrational. Therefore a vision for progress may make harsh conditions seem tolerable.

Peter the Great was a Russian Tsar who revitalized Russia by inspiring a cultural revolution that lead Russia into a modern westernized political system. From an early age, Peter was highly educated and often played soldier with local village boys, forming entire regiments, even designing the uniforms. Peter was born in 1762 and as the youngest son, was not expected to become Tsar. After Tsar Alexis dies his eldest son Theodore takes the throne, but in 1682 Theodore unexpectedly dies and leaves no heir. So at young age Peter is named co-tsar with his half-brother Ivan, eventually Ivan dies and Peter is left as the sole ruler. Throughout his rule Peter's main aspiration was to westernize Russia and create different opportunities for his nations. He was able to accomplish this by using techniques of fear. Peter was stubborn , willful, and a forward thinker. He was productive because he modernized Russia with new art, technology, and medical advances. He built St. Petersburg with great struggle and great success. He also created a Russian navy which increased Russia's territory. Peter accomplished all this by his stubborn will, the citizens of Russia saw his vision and felt confident to follow him.
The other Great ruler was Tsarina Catherine who held a lot of the same personality traits as Peter such as her stubbornness and will. Catherine also attempted to modernize Russia just like Peter the Great did. She worked hard throughout her reign to spread the idea that the power of law is more important and far than that of a monarchy. She was open to the idea of a constitutional monarchy rather than absolute one, basically Catherine was ahead of her time. Catherine was also willing to use extreme tactics to attain power,for example she demanded the killing of her husband Emperor Peter III who was holding her back and lessening her power....

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