Fear In South Africa Essay

943 words - 4 pages

Cry, the Beloved Country, a book by Alan Paton, deals with the thematic struggle of South Africa and the oppression of blacks. In it, a black parson, Stephan Kumalo, goes on a journey to find his family. Everyday holds new fear, not only for Stephan, but also for everyone in South Africa. Each character in Cry, the Beloved Country has a fear of something, and that fear proves to be an influential force in all of their lives. Stephan Kumalo has a fear of the unknown, John Kumalo has a fear of oppression, and Gertrude and Absalom have a fear of death. These fears are the driving forces of Paton's characters. Stephan Kumalo's fear of the unknown leads him on a journey to find his family in the city of Johannesburg and its surrounding townships. He receives a letter from Johannesburg, where most of his family resides now. He is afraid to open the letter because he has not heard from any of his family in a very long time, and he does not know what to expect. Kumalo thinks that it could be either good news or bad news, but he feels that the letter is probably bad news, since it would be highly unusual for them to write. This fear of the unknown, the unexplored almost drove Kumalo to not open the letter. This would have changed the whole course of his life; he would not find out about his ailing sister, and therefore not find his son. This is one example of how fear affects the lives of Paton's characters in South Africa. The apartheid system instills fear in all people, the fear of being oppressed, and John Kumalo is truly affected by this fear. Although John is comfortable in Johannesburg under the laws and regulations there, he is still fearful of oppression. He says to Stephan at their first meeting that in Johannesburg, he does not have to follow the chief's inane orders. In Johannesburg, he has power. And yes, he does have power, to an extent. When in the town square, preaching to a group of black people, John has the power to get the crowd worked up, but desists the idea, as white policeman are nearby. "Here is the moment for words of passion"¦ words that can waken and madden and unleash. But he knows. He knows the great power that he has, the power of which he is afraid. And the voice dies away"¦" (219). John Kumalo is afraid of his power to lead people and cause revolt, because he knows the consequences that he would face for such an offense would be severe. In addition, John Kumalo is alerted to the fact that people have heard...

Find Another Essay On Fear In South Africa

Apartheid in South Africa Essay

856 words - 3 pages Apartheid, the Afrikaans word for “apartness” was the system used in South Africa from the years 1948 to 1994. During these years the nearly 31.5 million blacks in South Africa were treated cruelly and without respect. They were given no representation in parliament even though they made up most of the country. It was not until 1994 when a black man named Nelson Mandela came to power in the South Africa congress. Once elected Mandela removed

Ecotourism in South Africa Essay

1515 words - 6 pages species. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s website, eleven of the 229 mammal species in South Africa remain endangered, fifteen vulnerable, and thirteen near threatened. Mining, which contributes to 18% of the GDP, is detrimental to air quality, causes deforestation, and releases toxic amounts of minerals and heavy metals into the soil and water (“Effects of Mining,” para. 1). Based on a case study from the

Apartheid in South Africa

1807 words - 7 pages -- 20 April 1964. Rivonia trial Historical Background South Africa is a land of abundant natural resources, mild climate, and fertile lands. Their resources range from diamond and gold to platinum and their land is fertile enough to feed the rest of the world if cultivated intensively. Yet many believed Africa to be the Dark Continent, a continent of poverty, harsh climate, and political turmoil (Woods 10). Though apartheid officially began in

Agriculture in South Africa

1991 words - 8 pages increase as well or food imports should increase, but if production needs to increase this will need to be done by using the same amount of resources or possibly even less (Colin, 2014). Factors like what food production is critical will also be discussed .In this essay we will look at factors influencing the agricultural potential of South Africa’s soil , what the soil is used for , agricultural productions and why it’s so important… South Africa

Investment in South Africa

1223 words - 5 pages Caltex plant was established in South Africa in 1977 after the owners decided to expand its operations in South Africa. The construction of the plant brought controversy over the interested parties, there were two dimensions of the utilitarian benefits of the Caltex plant, and there were violations of the justice and of moral rights whereas on the other side there were possible benefits to the South Africans. The plant setup was helpful in that

Adolescence in South Africa

1729 words - 7 pages words the individual achieves psychological maturity and social maturity (Mwale, 2010). As a consequence of South Africa’s historical background of Apartheid, adolescence in South Africa and the identity development of nationals has to be carefully analysed as a result of such incidents. In my opinion adolescence is a sensitive period and not a critical period for identity development in South Africans. Critical periods involve the notion of an

Apartheid in South Africa

1347 words - 5 pages Nelson Mandela helped bring an end to Apartheid in South Africa because he was a believer in basic human rights, leading both peaceful and violent protests against the white South African Government. His beliefs landed him in prison for twenty-seven years, almost three decades. In doing so, he became the face of the apartheid movement both in his country and around the world. When released from prison in 1990, he continued to honor his

Aids in South africa

1352 words - 5 pages IN A Time of Need"Everyday lost is a day in when 10,000 more people become infected with AID." - Kofi AnnanSeventeen million people are dead. Twenty-five million more have the same death sentence hanging over their heads. An entire continent is held captive by the fear of this killing machine. By the year 2010 life expectancy on this continent will have plummeted to the levels found at the beginning of the last century. This phenomenon is

Apartheid in South Africa

818 words - 3 pages was. It took a long time for the change to occur but finally it did occur in 1994. This was a day that the black Africans will remember.Willem De Klerk, a white Afrikaner who believed that there should be equality which is what he succeeded in. De Klerk was born on March 18, 1936 in Johannesburg, South Africa. He studied in Potchefstroom University and got a law degree there. De Klerk was elected as the head of the National Party in 1982 in

Crime in South Africa

1327 words - 5 pages were established in the Presidential priority police station of KaNyamazana and the Provincial priority police stations of Vosman and Embalenhle, these structures have not born any fruit” (Pule: 2006). Crime in South Africa possibly requires a combination both the long term social crime prevention and an effective tough short term law enforcement strategies as was an indication in the NCPS. The only way, however, we can know what actually works

Apartheid In South Africa

1400 words - 6 pages in 1985, he was a powerful voice amongst those calling foreconomic sanctions to be placed on South Africa. He was Archbishop ofJohannesburg, then Cape Town, befor retiring in 1995.HENDRIK VERWOERDBorn in Holland, Verwoerd was known as one of the 'architects of apartheid'because he created the idea of bantustan and bantu education. In 1946, he becamevice-chairman of the National Party in Transval and then Minister of Native and BantuAdministration

Similar Essays

Apartheid In South Africa Essay

2284 words - 9 pages -European groups in the Republic of South Africa” (“Apartheid”). According to Robin Cohen, South African apartheid was based on four basic premises: “white monopoly of political power, the manipulation of space to achieve racial segregation, the control of black labor, and urban social control” (qtd. in Massie 385). Apartheid was widely supported by powerful nations, including the United States. However, the validity of the arguments and

Morality In South Africa Essay

643 words - 3 pages Politicians, religious leaders and social commentators have all spoken about a breakdown in morality in South Africa, with crime as the most commonly cited evidence. The lack of respect for the sanctity of human life, for the next person, private property, disregard for the law of the land, lack of parental control over children, and the general blurring of the lines between right and wrong are continuing to plague our communities. To

Apartheid In South Africa Essay

1600 words - 6 pages The word apartheid comes in two forms, one being the system of racial segregation in South Africa, and the other form is the form that only those who were affected by apartheid can relate to, the deeper, truer, more horrifying, saddening and realistic form. The apartheid era truly began when white South Africans went to the polls to vote. Although the United Party and National Party were extremely close, the National party won. Since they

Apartheid In South Africa Essay 847 Words

847 words - 4 pages Racial discrimination dominated South Africa in 1948, and this was further witnessed when the ruling party made the discriminatory apartheid policy into law, in the same year (Pfister, 2005). The Afrikaans word, which literally translates to racial discrimination ‘apartheid’, was legislated and it started with the Dutch and the British rulers. The initiators of apartheid applied it to all social nature of the South African people. For instance