Possible Cancer Treatments. Essay

1737 words - 7 pages

1. Radiations (it treats many types of cancer)Radiation therapy--also called radiotherapy--is a highly targeted, highly effective way to destroy cancer cells that may linger after surgery. This reduces the risk of recurrence. Despite what many people fear, radiation therapy is relatively easy to tolerate, and the side effects are restricted to the area being treated.External radiation.Most likely, you will receive radiation externally. With this technique, a large machine called a linear accelerator delivers high-energy radiation to the affected area. You will receive this treatment as an outpatient in daily sessions over five to seven weeks, depending on your particular situation. When you hear the term "radiation therapy," you can usually assume it means external radiation unless otherwise specified.Internal radiationIn some cases, your doctor may recommend that you have "internal radiation" (also called "brachytherapy" or "high-dose intracavitary radiation") instead. With this technique, radioactive material is temporarily placed inside the affected area, where the tumor used to be. This is typically reserved for the end of treatment and is given as an additional "boost," to supplement the regular radiation given to the whole area.- Risks (after surgery):The radiation used to kill cancer in your body can also damage normal cells, and you will feel the impact of this. Just as the benefits of radiation are gradual, you'll find a gradual onset of side effects.Also it involves a lot of stress in cancer patients and is expensive.Skin Reactions:The most annoying and uncomfortable side effects of radiation therapy involve the skin of the area being treated. In many ways your skin reaction will be similar to a sunburn, with a mild to moderate pink color, or redness, and with itching, burning, soreness, and possible peeling. But unlike a sunburn, your skin will react to radiation much more gradually, and perhaps only in patches.Armpit Discomfort: (breast cancer)After lymph node surgery, many women report discomfort and fullness in their armpit, which can be made worse by radiation.Fatigue:Fighting cancer is hard work. Many people undergoing radiation therapy find that fatigue is a common and persistent side effect of this treatment. The fatigue you will feel with radiation therapy is not the kind of tiredness that comes after "overdoing it" and goes away with a good night's sleep. This treatment-related fatigue is an overall, deep-felt lack of energy. About one in three patients develop this exhaustion.Paradox:High doses of radiation cause cancer.- Benefits:There are patients who improve their health conditions, and the affected cells won't develop again. It's a long-term treatment, which is good to take, but for this it's important to cooperate and really want to get healthy again.The Government supports- Benefits / Side Effects:I think that in Radiations the Risks are higher than the benefits.2. Chemotherapy (it treats many types of cancer)The table...

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