This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Federal Constitution Essay

1188 words - 5 pages

The simple turn of a century from the late 1700's to the 1800's brought about drastic change in regard to the United States government. Not only had the rebellious colonies overthrown the oppressive rule of their mother country Britain, but they had already begun to establish their own political domain. Within this realm of the newly founded democracy were two conflicting parties. On one side was the Jeffersonian Republicans, led by Thomas Jefferson himself and later on by James Madison. Those who composed this legislative faction tended to believe in strong state governments, a feeble central government, and a rigid interpretation of the constitution. Opposing the Jeffersonian Republicans were the Federalists of America. The federalists craved for a mighty central government with less powerful state governments, and a loose interpretation of the Constitution. The two parties had divergent standpoints ranging from religion to admission of states into the American union. With respect to the federal Constitution, the Federalists acquired a consistently flexible interpretation of it. On the other hand, the Jeffersonian Republicans flip-flopped. At the onset of the 19'th century, Thomas Jefferson and his followers rigidly abided by it. Eventually the party possessed a rather wishy-washy construction.
Born into a wealthy Virginian family in 1743, Thomas Jefferson grew up to become president of the United States in 1800. He brought an unprecedented sense of commitment to office, believing in smaller central governments with stronger state governments. Jefferson and his Republican followers were devoted to living by the constitution as it pertained to states rights.

Our country is too large to have all its affairs directed by a single government…The true theory of our Constitution is surely the wisest and best that the states are independent as to everything within themselves, and united as to everything respecting foreign nations. (Document A)

Jeffersonian Republicans believed they were campaigning for the best interests of the American people. They supported a strong state government rather than a powerful central government because the states were closer to their people. The state governments knew best how to regulate its own people. Within the Constitution it says the central government of America must stay out of religious affairs and other state issues of that sort such as building roads and canals (Document H). Therefore, by acting in the people's interests, the Jeffersonian Republicans were compelled to strictly follow the Constitution. Document "B" illustrates this. "Certainly no power to prescribe any religious exercise, or to assume authority in religious discipline, has been delegated to the general {federal} government. It must then rest with the states."
As Thomas Jefferson's presidency unraveled itself, the ideals of his fellow Jeffersonian Republican's began to evolve with the times. For example, when the Louisiana...

Find Another Essay On Federal Constitution

There is now an overwhelming case for adopting a UK codified constitution - Portsmouth grammar school - essay

1155 words - 5 pages A constitution is a set of rules that: seek to establish the duties, powers and functions of the various institutions of government; regulate the relationship between and among the institutions; and define the relationship between the state and the individual. There are many different types of constitution. Constitutions can be codified or uncodified, unitary or federal and seen as rigid or flexible. The most common way of comparing classifying

Articles of Confederation vs. the Constitution

839 words - 3 pages in the past had ever tried or succeeded with the ideas of republicanism. America's first constitution was called the Articles of Confederations and it was drafted in 1777. This constitution only lasted for eleven year because the Federalists wanted to strengthen the government. In 1788, the new Federal Constitution was ratified by all the states except North Carolina and Rhode Island. In Document A, James Madison discusses how the "smallest state

Articles of Confederation versus Constitution

1197 words - 5 pages Federal Government. Ultimately, the articles of constitution were later replaced with the Constitutional convention on, 1787. The current constitution of United States was formally passed and accepted on March 4, 1989. Though the two documents were seen as similar having been created by the same people, they had many differences.According to Bernstein (2002), there were many differences between the confederation articles and the constitution. Many

law 421

929 words - 4 pages courts use in determining the Commerce and Supremacy Clause. The author will also discuss various federal and state laws that affect his job and or industry.Division of Powers Between Federal and State GovernmentThough federal government governs and oversees the entire nation, they have very limited powers that can control business and individuals in the country. On the other, the U.S. Constitution authorized more power to the state government to

The High court of Australia

1779 words - 7 pages with the constitution through a variety of elements. Firstly, the constitution gives the authority for the High Court to review Commonwealth legislation if a constitutional dispute arises before it. This element of the High Courts involvement within the constitution is referred to as a "Judicial Review."The High Court of Australia is the final court of appeal for all cases that arise within Australia. Appeals made from all federal courts, state

Federalists VS Anti-Federalists

645 words - 3 pages The Struggle For The ConstitutionThe Ratification or Adoption of the Constitution took place between September of 1787 and July of 1788. The Federal Convention, which had drafted the Constitution between May and September 1787, had no authority to impose it on the American people. Nine states had to ratify the Constitution, in order for it to be in effect. However they were several problems in ratifying the constitution. The supporters of the


1296 words - 6 pages . Constitution differs those of the states because it outlines that no state can agree to an alliance, treaty, or confederation. The position of president and vice president are also unique of the U.S. Constitution. Much of the duties of the governors in the state constitution are embodied by the president in the federal constitution. For example, the governor is the commander in chief of the army and navy of the state and the president is the

The US constitution: A radical departure from Articles of Confederation

635 words - 3 pages we have the federal tax system. The constitution has done many things, one of the things it did was created the separation of powers.The articles of confederation have no executive branch. There was no independent executive and no veto of legislation. Judicial proceedings in each state were to be honored by all other states. The federal government had no judicial branch, and the only judicial authority Congress had was the power to work out

1998 Document Based Question Essay

971 words - 4 pages country is too large to have all its affairs directed by a single government…” Jefferson envisaged a government with the people’s interest at heart, and in order to do so Jefferson believed that the federal Constitution should have been preserved, and if not, the future for the nation would not have been so great. Jefferson wrote to Granger “it [our country] can never be harmonious and solid while so respectable a portion of its citizens support

Comparing the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution

1402 words - 6 pages finally came to and Agreement. The Constitution divided the national government into three branches; Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. The government is based upon the principles of separation of powers and checks and balances even though in practice many powers and functions interchanged and are shared. In 1791 the states ratified the Bill of Rights in order to protect individuals from the power of the federal government. The 1st Ten

Supreme Court Cases- McCulloch vs Madison

572 words - 2 pages issue was then brought to the Supreme Court.Led by Chief Justice Marshall, The Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution allowed Congress to establish the National Bank. The Court also asserted that the Constitution did not allow a state to tax the bank. If the states could tax one of the federal government's activities, they could tax any of them. Marshall said that "the power to tax involves the power to destroy," and this could not be permitted

Similar Essays

Binding Vs. Persuasive Authority Business Law Essay

325 words - 2 pages to control it. If the United State Supreme Court had decided a similar case, yes that decision would be binding in the Illinois court. Because the United States Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States, and it has appellate jurisdiction over some courts and original jurisdiction over some cases. Hypothetical Questions 1) A federal statute conflicts with the U.S. Constitution. The U.S. Constitution will take precedence over

The Ratification Of The Us Constitution

669 words - 3 pages , for example, cannot impair the obligation of contracts, pass bills of attainder, nor enact ex post facto laws. On the contrary, the federal government gained in the supremacy clause, which gave the federal government broad powers to regulate commerce (Amar 123). The ratification of the constitution between 1787-1850 was the most significant event in the US history because it included the Bill of Rights; these are personal freedoms like freedom of

Term Paper: Judicial Review

639 words - 3 pages . Marbury v. Madison was the first case in which an act of Congress was struck down by the Supreme Court and determined to be unconstitutional. John Marshall, who was the Chief Justice during the Marbury v. Madison case, established that federal courts have the authority to interpret and implement the Constitution; the Supreme Court also has the duty to strike down any laws that conflict with the Constitution. After the landmark case, state courts on a

The Different Laws Of The States

692 words - 3 pages The Different Laws of the States In the United State there are many different laws and they all have different jurisdiction. Federal laws cover the entire United States of America. State laws cover the people who work and live in a particular state. The Federal Government runs all fifty states and the State Governmaent only runs one state. The most important or final law is The Supremacy Clause, which is in reference to the U.S. Constitution