Federal Funding Of Stem Cell Research Essay

2092 words - 8 pages

Since the death of former President Ronald Regan, federal funding of embryonic stem cell research is a topic which continues to be present in our headlines. Some people feel that embryonic stem cells could produce a cure for the devastating disease of Alzheimer's. Nancy Reagan is now trying to influence President Bush to lift restrictions on federal funding for research using stem cells. Technical and medical advances are developing at an astronomical rate and the law needs to follow and help to shape these advances. Fetal tissues have been used for medical research for years so this is not a new idea in the medical community. Most all nations have been forced to re-examine their laws on genetic testing since the advances in embryonic stem cells, human genome mapping and human cloning.Researchers were able to first isolate human embryonic stem (ES) cells in 1998. This discovery was made at the University of Wisconsin by biologist Dr. James Thomson. But very little research was done on these cells due to the restrictions that were put in place by the by-laws of funding for the National Institutes of Health by the Congressional Appropriations committee. An appropriations bill that was passed on October 20, 1999 stated, " U.S. funds may not be used for the 'the creation of a human embryo ' for research purposes, or for 'research in which a human embryo or embryos are destroyed, discarded, or knowingly subjected to risk of injury or death'. The embryo is defined as any organism not protected as a human subject under laws (such as those applying to fetal tissue) 'That is derived by fertilization, parthenogenesis, cloning, or any other means from one or more human gametes or diploid cells." (Marshall, 1999) The isolation and culture of these cells caused much excitement in the medical research community by the fact that these cells were found to be pluripotent. The cells being derived from several day old embryos can in theory differentiate into practically any type of human cell, from heart, liver, blood or skin cells. Stem cells can also be derived from umbilical cords, placentas and adult cells. The harvesting of adult stem cells from umbilical cords, bone marrow or skin does not foster any major ethical concerns. The adult stem cells are different from embryonic stem cells in that they can only become cell types of the tissue that they originated from. Therefore, these cells are not as useful as the stem cells derived from human embryos. The researchers hope to find ways of using these cells to repair damaged tissue which will provide them broad applications in transplantations by offering new access to organs and body tissues. The umbilical cord stem cells are used to repopulate bone marrow in small children and today, are being used to treat an anemic disorder in children called Fanconi's anemia. The problem with cord blood stem cells is that can only be collected in small amounts. This severely limits the use of these in the clinical arena. The...

Find Another Essay On Federal Funding of Stem-Cell Research

Funding for Embryonic Stem Cell Research

864 words - 4 pages Funding for Embryonic Stem Cell Research Stem cells are an undifferentiated cell that is capable of giving rise to indefinitely more cells of the same type, and from which certain other kinds of cell arise by differentiation. These unique cells are found in tissues, organs, and bone marrow. In 1978, scientists discovered that human umbilical cord blood contain blood stem cells and immediately began experiments to tests their uses. Scientists at

Federal Funds Should Be Used for Embryonic Stem Cell Research

1600 words - 6 pages terminating embryos to harvest the stem cells.  In response to this debate, Congress passed the Dickey-Wicker amendment in 1995 to prohibit federal funding of research that involved the destruction of embryos.  President Bush affirmed this decision, but more recently President Obama lifted many of these restrictions.  Despite the significant portion of Americans that do not support embryonic stem cell research, it should be federally funded

Politics of Stem Cell Research

1658 words - 7 pages $3 billion dollar bond for human embryonic stem cell research. Schwarzenegger's father-in-law, Sergeant Shriver, is a victim of Alzheimer's disease, and the governor and his wife, Maria, someday hope that stem cells can cure their father. On the other hand, as for federal funding, there are mixed issues on that as well. "We have called on the new administration to make absolutely sure that no destructive stem cell research on embryos is done in

Importance of Stem Cell Research

1237 words - 5 pages and is morally justifiable. With federal funding stem cell research could achieve its full potential. It is vital to medical advancement. To form an adequate view point of this topic one must first understand the basics. Human development begins when a sperm fertilizes an egg which forms a single cell that has the potential to create an entire living organism. This fertilized egg is totipotent which means it has total potential to develop into a

Benefits of Stem Cell Research

2493 words - 10 pages government supported this breakthrough medical research? My belief is that our government should support stem cell research clinics with federal funds to help save the lives of countless Americans noting that the benefits or such research far outweighs the downfalls. There are several topics in America which no one talks about, unless they’re extremely close to the person they’re discussing it with, or they’re willing to argue with you about in

Development of Stem Cell Research

1442 words - 6 pages Development of Stem Cell Research Tissue stem cells have been used therapeutically for many years in the contexts of Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT), in order to treat many types of blood cancer; stem cell-based skin grafting (Green et al.,1979, Green, 1989), and corneal damage (Rama et al, 2010). In HSCT, stem cells are harvested from the patient or donor and are transplanted back into the patient to restore damaged cells

Ethics of stem cell research

1743 words - 7 pages The Ethical Questions of Embryonic Stem Cell ResearchDonna GuilloryProfessor MaxfieldLAS 301 OF18 September 2014In the field of medical ethics, there is one topic in today's society that affects a lot ofcontroversy whenever it is brought up. This topic is that of the research on embryonic stem cellsfor medicines of the future. Stem cell research is something that has been around for quite sometime but in the last two decades, the use of embryos

The Ethics of Stem Cell Research

4413 words - 18 pages existing stem cell lines qualified for federal funding. Bush 5?did not want to encourage any further destruction of embryos.? A big part of President Bush?s decision was that researchers 6?told [him] that there were enough existing stem cell lines to do serious research to determine whether or not embryonic stem cell research could live up to its potential? (Seelye). The president, in effect, quenched the fires of controversy over the stem cell

The Ethical Considerations of Stem Cell research

2063 words - 9 pages funding of human embryonic research. The Clinton administration then overturned the ruling by allowing federal subsidization for research, so long as the funding was not used in harvesting the cells. The Bush administration revoked Clinton's decision, and then restricted the use of federal funds for any matter regarding stem cell research. Once President Obama took office, he reversed the decision again, allowing federal funding. Interest groups

Remarkable Potential of Stem-Cell Research

879 words - 4 pages Remarkable Potential of Stem-Cell ResearchThe new controversial topic of today's society is Embryonic Stem Cell Research. Until recently, moral issues of states and countries haven't allowed research to develop deeply into dept. Within the last ten years though, scientists have made tremendous leaps of progress in finding out concrete facts about the potential of stem cell research. Now just imagine a cure to Alzheimer’s disease or juvenile

The Many Benefits of Stem Cell Research

1426 words - 6 pages years to come we will begin to replace a hearing aid with the actual working ear drum or replace a blind man with a pair of working eyes. The next step would be to enhance it with using robotic parts. For example the hearing aid can start to pick up on pitches that a normal human ear can't hear. Stem cell research is not quite there because the research and funding is slowed down by religion and pro-life groups. According to these groups the

Similar Essays

Federal Funding With Stem Cell Research

1078 words - 5 pages time. Stem cell research around the world is growing more and more as each day passes. According to Pew Research institute, in the last decade several countries in Europe and Asia have become the most advanced centers for the study of stem cells, and how they could be used in treatment. They have become the most advanced centers for stem cells because they have move forward with research. In 2001, President George W. Bush restricted federal

Stem Cell Research Deserves Federal Funding!

642 words - 3 pages , 2006 called the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act of 2005 that would have allowed federal funding for embyonic stem cell research. He stated that the research would be tolerated, but it would not be federally funded. His main reasons for opposing the bill are his moral values and religious beliefs. This is shown in a statement he made explaining his decision, "I...believe human life is a sacred gift from our Creator. I worry about a culture that

Stem Cell Research: The Debate Over Federal Funding

1215 words - 5 pages Embryonic Stem Cell Research: Pro-Federal Funding The Alliance for Aging Research is a non-profit organization that promotes the use of federal funding for embryonic stem cell research. As an agency geared toward improving the health of human beings as they age, some of their responsibilities include lobbying for federal legislation, conducting studies and surveys, and creating and distributing educational materials to health care

Increased Government Funding For Stem Cell Research

2468 words - 10 pages Increased Government Funding for Stem Cell Research: According to Channel Four News (1), Russell Turnbull, a 38 year old man from England, lost sight out of one eye in a fight that happened in 1994. He tried to intervene between two men that were fighting on a bus. When he tried to break up the confrontation, one of the mean squirted ammonia at him. The ammonia landed in his cornea which instantly caused his eye to clamp shut; his eye would