Stem cell research is extremely prevalent in today’s society, and on the other hand controversial. When thinking of stem cell research many questions, and challenges arise from it. Some problems that arise from the topic of stem cell research involves, religious beliefs, personal, and ethical beliefs. In the next few paragraphs the facts of stem cell research will be mentioned, and questions will be answered with factual evidence.
When the topic of stem cell research, and/ or treatment, people generally automatically jump to the conclusion of embryonic stem cells, when in retrospect according to Eurostemcell.org, an organization based website that is dedicated to supplying the public with the latest news and information on stem cells. According to the article there a few different types of stem cells. The first type of stem cell is, embryonic. Embryonic stem cells are grown in a laboratory from embryos cells at an early stage. The second type of stem cell is tissue stem cells. Tissue stem cells are found in all different parts of the body. Lastly the third type of stem cell is, Induced pluripotent stem cell (iPS), or 'reprogrammed' stem cells. IPSC are similar to embryonic stem cells but they are from adult specialized cells.
Stem cell therapies are not new to the public. Hospitals have been doing bone marrow stem cell transplants for medical treatments. When scientists in 1998 found out they could remove stem cells from human embryos, some people liked the newly found information, and others did not. The use of embryonic stem cells is very unsettling to a large group of people because mainly of the ethical reasons. The main ethical reasons for using embryonic stem cells is the destruction of an embryo which would develop into a child eventually down the line in time. Stem cell research around the world is growing more and more as each day passes. According to Pew Research institute, in the last decade several countries in Europe and Asia have become the most advanced centers for the study of stem cells, and how they could be used in treatment. They have become the most advanced centers for stem cells because they have move forward with research. In 2001, President George W. Bush restricted federal funding for stem cell research that was obtained from human embryos. When Bush established the ban on federal funding he said that he made a compromise saying that the establish embryonic stem cell lines that were already established, which was only about 70 would remain open. According to CNN, President Obama signed an executive order repealing a Bush- era policy that limited federal tax dollars for embryonic stem cell research. According to the US Congressional amendment, the Dickey-Wicker states that the use of federal funds for creating, destroying, or knowingly injuring human embryos goes against the amendment, so therefore the US government will not fund embryonic stem cell research.
The future of stem cells, and its possibilities are...