This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Federal Pretrail Services Essay

1828 words - 7 pages

Federal Probation Officers began as volunteers in the 1900’s. Congress passed legislation establishing the Federal Probation system in 1925. By 1929 the first U.S. Probation Officer was designated under the U.S. Department of Justice. Until 1939, the U.S. Probation Office was assigned under the administration of the U.S. Department of Justice. Congress then authorized the creation of the Administration Office of the United States Courts. Within the Administrative Office, the Division of Probation and Pretrial Services were created. (United States District Court, 2011)
The Pretrial Services Act of 1982 was signed into law by President Reagan “authorizing the Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, under the supervision and direction of the Judicial Conference of the United States, to provide, direct or by contract or otherwise, for the establishment of the Pretrial Services in each U.S. judicial district.” (United States District Court, 2011)
There are 94 Federal District Courts today and each district has its own U.S. Probation Office, while many also have their own U.S. Pretrial Services Offices. Federal Probation and Pretrial Services Officers are federal law enforcement officers, who are individually appointed by the Chief Judge of that district. Officers are eligible for a 20 year retirement and mist be appointed before their 37th birthday, due to the mandatory separation age of 57. (United States District Court, 2011)
Federal Pretrial Services Offices are different from other federal law enforcement agencies, because they are “regionally aligned” to their judicial districts, not to a single main command office. All Pretrial Service Officers, report to the Chief Pretrial Services Officer of that district, who in turn reports to the Chief District Judge. The national component is the Administrative Office (AO), which is located in Washington, D.C. The AO provides administrative support to the federal courts, which include staffing, enforcing and implementing policies and policy changes from the policy-making branch of the Federal Judiciary (the Judicial Conference of the United States). (Functions and Powers Relating to Pretrial Services, 2011)
The Pretrial Services Division was established in the United States District Court, Southern District of California in San Diego in 1989. Funds for court services and personnel are funded through the federal budget. Dictated by the AO, policies and policy changes are implemented through a top-down approach. Chief District Judge notifies the Chief Pretrial Services Officer of the new policy or policy change required for implementation. It is the Chief Pretrial Services Officer’s responsibility to ensure policy compliance and policy implementation is conducted by Pretrial Service Officers.

United States Pretrial Services
United States District Courthouse
940 Front Street
Box 5196
San Diego, California 92101

To: Chief Pretrial Services Officer,...

Find Another Essay On Federal Pretrail Services

Psychological Egoism Theory Essay

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Julia Margaret Cameron

1406 words - 6 pages At a time when women were looked upon as being homemakers, wives, mothers and such the late 1850's presented a change in pace for one woman in specific. Photography was discovered in 1826 and soon after the phenomenon of photography was being experimented with and in turn brought new and different ways of photo taking not only as documenting real time, but also conceptualizing a scene in which an image would be taken. Julia Margaret Cameron will

Evaluation of School Improvement

1403 words - 6 pages The evaluation process should be progressive to incorporate overall planning, implement changes, which contribute to success. In order to focus on school climate and norms, the evaluation design must include the students, instructions, and outcomes to improve communication and building-level concerns to be address in this response. School Climate and Social Norms The school principal, other staff leaders, and personnel set the tone and the

Case Study: The Benefits of Animal Testing

1757 words - 7 pages Nine year old Amy has already had a rough start in life. She was born with an abnormal heart that hinders her everyday activities. Amy is unable to keep up with kids her own age because she often tires out easily. As a consequence, she has very little friends and is often alone. Amy is forced to take different medications everyday just to survive. Amy’s life consists of medicine, doctors, and constant hospital visits. However, Amy is due for a

Myth and Magic: Realism in "One Hundred Years of Solitude"

1531 words - 6 pages “He enjoyed his grandmother's unique way of telling stories. No matter how fantastic or improbable her statements, she always delivered them as if they were the irrefutable truth” (Wikipedia, 2011). Experiences are particular instances of one personally encountering or undergoing something and in these moments of time life changes for the best or the worst and memories are formed. These recollections such as riding your first bicycle, going to

Adiponectin: a Novel Indicator of Malnutrition and Inflammation in Hemodialysis Patients

2384 words - 10 pages Objective Protein-Energy malnutrition (PEM) and inflammation are common and overlapping conditions in hemodialysis patients which are associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Adiponectin is an adipocytokine which is exclusively produced by adipose tissue. Few studies in hemodialysis patients have demonstrated that serum levels of adiponectin were significantly higher in malnourished patients compared to well-nourished ones. The

The Congo Free State: A Legacy of Apathy, Exploitation and Brutality

2298 words - 9 pages Between 1885 and 1908, Belgium’s Leopold II ruled Congo, a region in central Africa, as his personal colony, exploiting the resources and inhabitants for his own gain. Leopold allowed and encouraged Europeans and other Westerners to enter Congo and set up companies whose primary purpose was to gather rubber, which was abundant but difficult to get to in the Congo, using the Congolese as the laborers for the Europeans. Rubber gathering in Congo

Selective Exposition in The Lottery, by Shirley Jackson

1073 words - 4 pages Usually when someone hears the word “lottery” the first thing that comes to mind is a large sum of cash that people compete against highly impractical odds to win. Shirley Jackson’s story The Lottery might imply a similar conception based on the title alone, but the story is filled with unknowns never revealing exactly when and where the story takes place, or why the lottery exists; even what the lottery is isn’t revealed until the very end. Yet

Lightning

1857 words - 7 pages INTRODUCTION I remember when I was a young child; I would always be scared whenever there was a severe storm outside that included thunder and lightning. This was especially true in the hours of darkness, when you could really see the lightning. As I grew older this so-called fear of lightning turned into a fascination for this weather phenomena. One of my most vivid memories of lightning as a young man was when I was flying to Florida, the

Maryland's Ecology and Environment

1130 words - 5 pages the Chesapeake Bay have been damaged by pollution. Much of the pollution has come from storm water runoff in the form of sediments. These sediments prevent sunlight from reaching underwater plants. Since the 1970s, Maryland along with neighboring states, the District of Columbia, and the federal government has worked to improve and save our coastal ecosystems. The Chesapeake Bay program is an example of these partnerships. The

Similar Essays

When The Bubble Burst Essay

1539 words - 6 pages interest loan and transfer ownership to the federal government in an attempt to unfreeze credit and create liquidity. In return the government received non-voting ownership of the assets plus interest on the loan. The bad assets were a large number of mortgages and consumer loans that were converted into bonds that were backed by real estate or other property, another words if the borrower defaulted on their loan, the real estate that backed that loan

Phase Diagram Essay

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work Of Art Essay

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought In New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain