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An Analysis Of Federalist Papers 10 And 51

959 words - 4 pages

Federalist Papers 10 and 51 served to explain the union as a safeguard against factions and insurrection and to explain how the structure of this new union must encompass the ability to furnish proper checks and balances between the different departments within itself respectively. These articles contain absolutely no higher meaning concerning Plato’s beliefs of the True, Good and the Beautiful. The articles are merely rhetoric used to rationalize the benefits of a new system, explain how the new union will be constructed and most crucial to the essays, sway public opinion to support the ratification of the new constitution.
Madison does not wish to reach the True, the Good, or the Beautiful in Article 10. He simply wishes to establish a system in which the detrimental effects of factions on the whole government are reduced and kept in check. The form of government he proposes himself is not entirely just, as the formation of factions within the government can be seen through political parties. If there are two groups of politicians with differing ideals concerning the rights of property holders, one for the large property owners and the other for the small property owners, we see here the development of a more refined faction under the guise of the label ‘party.’ Madison is not adopting a view of the True, the Good, and the Beautiful; he is simply offering a pragmatic solution, the ratification of a new constitution, to the problems caused by factions and does not present actual solutions to the specific problems.
Although the literacy rate in the late 17oo’s was celebrated to be 60% out of an estimated population of 3 million, the level of education that citizens received can be assumed to be very elementary (Schlossberg). Therefore it should not be assumed that everyone understood the theories and ideas that were expressed in the Federalist Papers. Plato states in Gorgias through Socrates’ character that “when the rhetorician is more persuasive than the doctor, it is a case of the ignorant being more persuasive that the expert in the company of the ignorant… for surely the orator will not be more persuasive than the doctor among those who really know”. With such a large population people, we can be assured that the grand majority of the population is not taught in the ways of politics, and thus are persuaded to believe that ratifying a constitution is the correct choice. Madison understands who his audience is; he comprehends in its entirety that the population he is addressing is not taught in the ways of politics therefore he does not bother simplifying his speech. Instead he embellishes his proposal with high vocabulary and introduces ideas that sound nice, which would impress a crowd and lead them to believe that they should support him. Take into account an excerpt from article 51 where Madison states “It is of great importance in a republic not only to...

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