The Federalist Papers are articles and essays that were written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay to promote the ratification of the United States Constitution. The eighty-five essays outlined the way that the new government would operate. The Federalist Papers were published in the New York City newspapers under the pen name Publius, they emerged from late 1787 through 1788. The authors of the Federalist Papers explained why this type of government was the best choice for the United States of America. The Federalist Papers were used to persuade the people to accept the new constitution. The people for the United States Constitution were known as Federalist, while people opposing the Constitution were known as Anti-federalist.
To persuade the Anti-Federalist, James Madison wrote Federalist Paper number ten explaining a weakness with the Articles of Confederation. Federalist Paper ten was published on November 22, 1787. Number ten lays out how the writers of the constitution defined the form of government that would protect minority rights from organized and united factions that intended to pass the legislation injurious to the liberty of the minority or detrimental to the good of the country. Madison stated, “A faction was a number of citizens, whether it is a majority or minority, who were united and activated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.”
There are two ways to get rid of the causes of factions, or political parties. The first way of removing these causes is to destroy the liberty essential to their existence. The second way to get rid of the causes is to give everyone the exact same opinion, interests, and passions, which is impossible. In all societies it is the nature of every person to have conflicting ideas, passions, and interests. Madison said, “The greatest source of factions had always been the various and unequal distribution of property.” Madison explained that if you had a large republic with more citizens, with a variety of interests and parties that it would protect against the formation of fractions.
Federalist Paper number fifty one is an essay that is also written by James Madison, it explains how the structure of the newly proposed government would make liberty possible. It was published on February 6, 1788, also under the pen name Publius. Under the rule of the Articles of Confederation the United States had a government of loosely organized...