Female Genital Mutilation
Thesis Statement: The continued "underground" practice of FGM (Female Genital Mutilation) must be stopped in order to protect women throughout the world from a useless, unnecessary procedure that has been supported by male dominating societies as a means of control, at the expense, and lives, of women.
I. Millions of girls and women have been mutilated by the practice of FGM
a. Model, Waris Dirie, shares her story of FGM and the consequences it has brought to her life.
b. At age five, she underwent the procedure that would affect her for the rest of her life.
II. FGM, female genital mutilation has been practiced for thousands of years in African and Middle Eastern Nations.
a. There are three types of FGM. The most common is the total excision of all external genitalia and stitching of the vaginal opening.
b. This causes severe physical and psychological health consequences and in some cases, death.
c. The practice is performed in unsanitary conditions with primitive instruments and no anesthetics for pain.
III. The scarring and damage from the procedure creates difficulty in many aspects of a woman's life.
a. Women who have been circumcised suffer painful childbirth, sexual intercourse, and infections.
b. Women often do not receive a thorough exam by a physician due to the inadequate vaginal openings, posing other health risks.
IV. FGM has origins dating back several thousands of years in Egyptian Societies, but, is most prevalent in the Islamic and African cultures.
a. Historic reasons for FGM are based upon control over the sexuality and essence of women.
b. Sexuality is reserved for men and women receive the gift of bearing their children.
V. Parents have believed that by having their daughters circumcised, it will ensure her marriage ability.
a. Mothers, who have suffered from the procedure and wish not to have their children suffer, have had their children taken, without consent to perform FGM.
b. Those who refuse the practice are banished from their homes and the prospect of marriage
VI. FGM is a means to alienate women from a male dominating society.
a. Without FGM, it is believed that women are uncontrollable.
b. Women are seen to be the weaker sex and temptation must be removed physically.
VII. FGM is illegal in most Western, and many African nations, although it continues due lack of enforcement.
a. Underground clinics and homes continue to practice FGM.
b. Health providers are not educated on how to deal with cases of FGM.
VIII. The continued mutilation is a reflection of the mutilating world in which we live.
a. The act of FGM must end.
b. The fight to ban FGM must be supported by men as well.
As many as 130 million girls and women around the world have been mutilated, a fact often hidden from those of western culture. Bringing awareness to the inhumane torture of women is Waris Dirie, a Somalia-born model, whose face graces the cover of magazines worldwide. Reader's...