Female Genital Mutilation Essay

1912 words - 8 pages

Females as a general population have been faced with discrimination across the ages. In recent history, women have begun to assert their freedom and independence from the male oriented traditions that have spanned generations. In industrialized countries the discrimination of women has diminished, but a serious form of violation of human rights occurs sometimes in parts of the world, such as Africa, the Middle East, and even sometimes the United States and other industrialized countries in North America and Europe. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is an umbrella term for three subtypes of crimes committed against women as a part of various coming of age rituals for young girls in certain patriarchal communities in Africa, spreading through migration of a populace through Northeastern and Western Africa and some spread into the Middle Eastern countries. These communities integrated this practice into women through marriage into these cultures, spreading this practice into their daughters and so forth. FGM has been classified by the World Health Organization (WHO) into three basic subtypes, each growing more and more disturbing. Subtype number one is a clitoridectomy which is the complete or partial removal of the clitoris, while subtype two it includes the clitoridectomy plus the removal of the labia minora of the young girl. Alone, these two types of FGM composed approximately 90 percent of female genital mutilation. The third subtype is the most gruesome that is the narrowing the vagina opening by sealing the orifice with the use of the labia majora. These medical procedures have been described the WHO working in conjunction with United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations (UN), and United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) have described as procedures that involve partial or complete removal of the female gentilia for non-medical necessity. These international agencies work together, along with other missionary workers to eliminate female circumcision, as it is also called, from its entirety from the world due to its view as an extreme form of discrimination against women. No woman should be subjected to the cruel practice, where young girls are held down by their elders, violated in such a way to remove an organ in their sacred area and later subjected to the pain that sexual intercourse and childbirth become by a generational practice.

The past has shown that women were the leaders of the society. Childbirth was mysterious situation, but highly desired by all thus women were goddesses. Sometime in the last five thousand years, men discovered the rule they could have. Here began the trials a woman faces through the newly discovered patriarchal way. Female mutilation began as a way to reduce the power women could hold, a discrimination that lead to the pain and suffering of thousands, millions of women across the ages. Today, some where between one hundred to one hundred...

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