This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Female Genital Mutilation Essay

1835 words - 7 pages

Female Genital Mutilation

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), also known as female circumcision, is a destructive and invasive procedure involving the removal or alteration of female genital. The procedure is carried out at a variety of ages, ranging from shortly after birth to some time during the first pregnancy, but most commonly occurs between the ages of four and eight. There are three main types of FGC that are practiced: Type I (Sunna circumcision), Type II (Excision), and Type III (Infibulation). These three operation range in intensity, from the "mildness" of Type I, to the extreme Type III.

The practice occurs in Africa, the Middle East, parts of Asia, and in immigrant communities in Europe and North America. An estimated 135 million of the world's girls and women have undergone genital mutilation, and two million girls a year are at risk - approximately 6,000 per day - about one every 15 seconds. (1) Although Female Genital Mutilation predates Islam and is not practiced by the majority of Muslims, it has acquired this religious dimension. However, FGM is a cross-cultural and cross-religious ritual. In Africa and the Middle East it is performed by Muslims, Coptic Christians, members of various indigenous groups, Protestants, and Catholics; to name a few.

The type of mutilation practiced, the age at which it is carried out, and the way its done varies according to a variety of factors, including the woman or girl's ethnic group, what country they are living in, whether in a rural or urban area and their socio-economic background. The first and "mildest" type of FGM is called "sunna circumcision" or Type I. The term "Sunna" refers to tradition as taught by the prophet Muhammad. This specific procedure involves the removal of the tip of the clitoris and/or its covering (prepuce). The second type of FGM, Type II also known as clitoridectomy, involves the partial or entire removal of the clitoris, as well as the scraping off of the labia majora and labia minora. This procedure is often used by countries that are prohibited from using the more extreme procedures. Clitoridectomy was invented by Sudanese midwives as a compromise when British legislation forbade the more extreme operations in 1946. (2)

Infibulation (a.k.a. Pharaonic circumcision) is the third and most dramatic procedure of FGM's; it has been banned in some countries but still exists in others. This most extreme form consists of the removal of the clitoris, the adjacent labia minora, labia majora, and the urethral and vaginal openings are cut away. The vagina is then stitched or held together with thorns, leaving a small opening for menstruation and urination. To engage in intercourse the woman is then cut open by her husband on their wedding night. The woman's vagina is often restitched if her husband leaves on a long trip to secure fidelity. Female Genital Mutilations are mostly done without anesthesia and in unsanitary conditions where instruments such as...

Find Another Essay On Female Genital Mutilation

Female Genital Mutilation Essay

1710 words - 7 pages Female Genital Mutilation Thesis Statement: The continued "underground" practice of FGM (Female Genital Mutilation) must be stopped in order to protect women throughout the world from a useless, unnecessary procedure that has been supported by male dominating societies as a means of control, at the expense, and lives, of women. I. Millions of girls and women have been mutilated by the practice of FGM a. Model, Waris Dirie, shares her

Female Genital Mutilation Essay

4779 words - 19 pages Female Genital Mutilation Introduction: Worldwide, an estimated 130 million girls and women have undergone female genital mutilation. At least two million women a year are "at risk" of undergoing some form of the procedure. These numbers equal out to approximately 6,000 women at risk per day. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines Female Genital Mutilation as all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external

Female Genital Mutilation

896 words - 4 pages For one minute I just want you to think you were born a female in an African country. Did you no you are 90% more likely to have had gone through some form of female genital mutilation. Every day, thousands of girls are targeted for mutilation. Like torture, female genital mutilation (FGM) involves the deliberate infliction of severe pain and suffering. Its effects can be life-threatening. Most survivors have to cope with the physical and

Female Genital Mutilation

1364 words - 5 pages A quite different type of surgery required by some cultures is known variously as female circumcision, female genital surgery, or female genital mutilation (FGM). The custom involves removal of some or all of a woman's external genitalia. The practice has existed for thousands of years and approximately 85 to 114 million women in the world have been circumcised. The practice is prevalent in Africa and the Middle East, but has also been

female genital mutilation controversies

1574 words - 6 pages references to clitoridectomy reveal the dominant position men assume by considering women as sexual beings and the second one is that references allow the Westerners to overlook their own deficiencies by condemning "them", the female genital mutilation (FGM) advocates, for what they do to their women. In my opinion, Tamir's best argument to support her stance is that the objections to FGM arise as a result of patronizing attitudes toward women (Tamir 1

FGM, Female Genital Mutilation

517 words - 2 pages Female genital mutilation has been practiced in country's around the world for thousands of years, and will continue to be practiced, until those that practice it decide to stop.Many people who live in country's that are more industrialized, like the U.S.A., tend to think that no ones believes on right and wrong is correct, except their own. That is what comes up in conversation about FGM. Personally, I am not pro-FGM when it comes to its

Social Injustice: Female Genital Mutilation

1616 words - 6 pages society.Identifying an aspect of society that fits this definition of a social injustice should be a simple task considering there are many around you and possibly directly affecting you. I have found an aspect that affects me somewhat indirectly. This aspect is female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female circumcision (FC) or female genital cutting (FGC).Why is female genital mutilation a social injustice? First you must understand what female genital

Female Genital Mutilation in Islam

1633 words - 7 pages Female Genital Mutilation in Islam      Female circumcision is a practice not uncommon in Muslim society.  Although this practice does not only occur within Muslim society, this paper will focus on the practices that do occur within Islamic society.  The Islamic countries with the most prevalence in practicing this form of genital mutilation are Sudan (98%), Somalia (98%), and Egypt (75%) (El Saadawi 34).  Other Islamic countries that

Gender Reassignment & Female Genital Mutilation

2096 words - 9 pages According to Milton Diamond, children with genital impairments at birth are being reassigned to surgery to be transformed physically into women (1997, p.1). But where has the psychological part of these individuals left behind? Is this newly made up female capable to embody society’s expectations about women? Will these individuals be able to conduct themselves as women in an intimate relationship? Female gender mutilation and gender

Research Outline: Female Genital Mutilation

2617 words - 10 pages Introduction In the world of feminist research there is an assortment of issues that can be studied, many of which are sensitive topics. An issue we chose to focus our research on is Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). We have found that more research needs to be conducted on FGM, and it should be done in a way that respects the rights of the individuals and the culture in which it is rooted and practiced. Throughout this paper we will discuss the

Ethics Paper On Female Genital Mutilation

2616 words - 10 pages fallen victim to the cultural traditions of the past. Many of these women are not allowed to work outside of the home, cannot receive an education, and are not allowed to choose whom they wed. More startling is the fact that even among those women who have gained some form of human rights in these societies, many are still subjected involuntarily to the tradition of female circumcision, also known as female genital mutilation. The concern of many

Similar Essays

Female Genital Mutilation Essay 927 Words

927 words - 4 pages FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION" I was genitally mutilated at the age of ten. I was told by my late grandmother that they were taking me down to the river to perform a certain ceremony, and afterwards I would be given a lot of food to eat. As an innocent child, I was led like a sheep to be slaughtered.Once I entered the secret bush, I was taken to a very room and undressed. I was then blind folded and stripped naked. I was forced to lie flat on my

Female Genital Mutilation Essay

1678 words - 7 pages Female Genital Mutilation Female Genital Mutilation is believed to have started in Egypt 2,000 years ago and spread from there. Only a few years ago, FGM was considered a cultural tradition, but now the United Nations has labeled it as a violation of human rights. Canada, Denmark, the Netherlands, and the United States has declared Female Genital Mutilation grounds for seeking asylum and is a punishable offense (1).      Many of us never

Female Genital Mutilation Essay

1912 words - 8 pages States and other industrialized countries in North America and Europe. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is an umbrella term for three subtypes of crimes committed against women as a part of various coming of age rituals for young girls in certain patriarchal communities in Africa, spreading through migration of a populace through Northeastern and Western Africa and some spread into the Middle Eastern countries. These communities integrated this

Female Genital Mutilation Essay 1289 Words

1289 words - 6 pages Female Genital Mutilation is also known as female genital cutting or female circumcision. Female genital mutilation is the action or practice of cutting of the clitoris and sometimes the labia . FGM has been documented mainly in Africa. It is estimated that between 100 million and 140 million girls and women worldwide have been circumcised. Procedures are usually carried out on young girls between infancy and age 15. The procedure is