Female Genital Mutilation: A Gross Violation Of Human Rights

4225 words - 17 pages

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) has often been viewed as a rite of passage for women in various countries within Africa, South America, the Middle East and Asia. However, due to societal norms and pressures, whether it based in culture or religion, forces women to partake in a practice that has serious health risks and takes away the rights of women who believe they have no other choice. The Universal Declaration of Human rights are applicable to all member states including most of the countries that still practice FGM. However, despite claiming that the human rights set forth would be observed as obligated in terms of their memberships, FGM violates numerous rights and freedoms that claim to be recognized but, are not known to the people. These rights are neglected, and frequently go unacknowledged within communities because of denied access to media or information. Nonetheless whether it is intentional or a direct result of the poverty levels within these countries these are rights that the people deserve to know they have. If women were exposed to various forms of media and knew of their rights, FGM would not be so highly practiced. Female Genital Mutilation is a flagrant violation of one’s human rights.
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is also known as female circumcision. There is this passivity and social acceptance that implied when using female circumcision versus FGM because, circumcision of males in western cultures is a norm and therefore, not viewed as a violation of one’s rights. However, if female genital cutting is referred to as female circumcision then it equating the severity of FGM with that of a male which is not the case. FGM is more harmful to the health of the woman at question and in no means beneficial to their life. FGM is the removal of the female genitals in part or whole. This practice has been done for cultural, religious and health reasons and yet many of the cases of FGM are done for cultural reasons. There are various types of FGM measured by the severity of the procedure. One type is the clitoridectomy, in which the clitoris is removed in part or whole. There is a more extreme type of FGM known as infibulation, the removal of the female genitalia in its entirety, it results in the sewing of the clitoris, leaving a slit in which women are given limited physical ability to excrete fluids and increases danger during childbirth for both the mother and the child in question. The latter example of FGM has been known to have severe side effects that can result in difficulty in childbirth, bleeding, trauma, infection and at length, death.
In the documentary, “Half the Sky” many of the issues that arise during childbirth in countries like Ethiopia and Somaliland stem from the poor economy and minimal access to healthcare facilities for women. Economic issues are not issues that can be prevented on a more individual basis however; the issues that stem from childbirth, that are directly impacted by the tradition of...

Find Another Essay On Female Genital Mutilation: A Gross Violation of Human Rights

Female Genital Mutilation Essay

1912 words - 8 pages Females as a general population have been faced with discrimination across the ages. In recent history, women have begun to assert their freedom and independence from the male oriented traditions that have spanned generations. In industrialized countries the discrimination of women has diminished, but a serious form of violation of human rights occurs sometimes in parts of the world, such as Africa, the Middle East, and even sometimes the United

female genital mutilation controversies Essay

1574 words - 6 pages practices unless all evils of a comparable type have eradicated from one's own culture (Nussbaum 1). According to Nussbaum, moral obtuseness and parochialism are formed when the Westerners are too absorbed in increasing their culture to a higher moral level while failing to identify the plight of a fellow human being outside of their society. However, it is the third argument about the moral similarity between the female genital mutilation and

Female Genital Mutilation

4779 words - 19 pages Female Genital Mutilation Introduction: Worldwide, an estimated 130 million girls and women have undergone female genital mutilation. At least two million women a year are "at risk" of undergoing some form of the procedure. These numbers equal out to approximately 6,000 women at risk per day. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines Female Genital Mutilation as all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external

Female Genital Mutilation

1835 words - 7 pages Human Rights, but we must take into consideration the strong and unbinding presence of cultural importance and implications which make the matter much harder to resolve in a way that is effective. Although Female Genital mutilation is seen as barbaric, we must shed light on the fact that up until a few decades ago, the clitoris was still believed to be a very dangerous part of the body. "Elimination of clitoral sexuality is a necessary precondition

Female Genital Mutilation

1364 words - 5 pages " in Africa: Culture, Controversy, and Change; Lynne RiennerErich Eichman (1992). The Cutting Edge; National Review, Vol. 44, August 3Henriette Dahan Kalev (2004). Cultural Rights or Human Rights: The Case of Female Genital Mutilation; Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, Vol. 51Kathleen M. Sands (2000). God Forbid: Religion and Sex in American Public Life; Oxford University PressSigne Arnfred (2004). Re-Thinking Sexualities in Africa; Nordic African InstituteThe Washington Times (1996). INS Backs Asylum for Women Threatened by Mutilation Newspaper article by Joyce Price; May 2UN Chronicle (1999). Eradication of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Kenya Magazine article; V

Female Genital Mutilation

896 words - 4 pages For one minute I just want you to think you were born a female in an African country. Did you no you are 90% more likely to have had gone through some form of female genital mutilation. Every day, thousands of girls are targeted for mutilation. Like torture, female genital mutilation (FGM) involves the deliberate infliction of severe pain and suffering. Its effects can be life-threatening. Most survivors have to cope with the physical and

Female Genital Mutilation

1710 words - 7 pages Female Genital Mutilation Thesis Statement: The continued "underground" practice of FGM (Female Genital Mutilation) must be stopped in order to protect women throughout the world from a useless, unnecessary procedure that has been supported by male dominating societies as a means of control, at the expense, and lives, of women. I. Millions of girls and women have been mutilated by the practice of FGM a. Model, Waris Dirie, shares her

FGM, Female Genital Mutilation

517 words - 2 pages Female genital mutilation has been practiced in country's around the world for thousands of years, and will continue to be practiced, until those that practice it decide to stop.Many people who live in country's that are more industrialized, like the U.S.A., tend to think that no ones believes on right and wrong is correct, except their own. That is what comes up in conversation about FGM. Personally, I am not pro-FGM when it comes to its

The Price of Tradition: Female Genital Mutilation

1226 words - 5 pages stitched, leaving space just for you to urine, and menstrual flow. FGM otherwise known as Female Genital Mutilation, is not practiced through religion, belief, or required by some parts of the country; but it's a tradition that many people practice even to this day. FGM is a tradition that continues to exist in twenty-five African countries, four Arabian peninsulas and in two Asian countries (Young 1130). FGM is basically the process of

Social Injustice: Female Genital Mutilation.

1616 words - 6 pages penis, to enhance sexual pleasure (Sarkis 12), or to be considered "clean" for your husband (Kassindja 3).It is stated:"Article 5. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. (Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in the 183rd session, Paris December 10, 1948)" (Ramos-cover).Female genital mutilation is a social injustice for the reason

Research Outline: Female Genital Mutilation

2617 words - 10 pages Awareness and Clinical Considerations. Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health, 52(2), 158-163. Crossman, A. (2013). Feminist Theory. Retrieved from: http://sociology.about.com/od/Sociological-Theory/a/Feminist-Theory.htm Dorkenoo, E., & Elworthy, S. (2006). Female genital mutilation: proposals for change (Rev. and updated ed.). London: Minority Rights Group. Resnik, D. B. U.S. Department of Health and Human Servies, (2011). What is ethics in

Similar Essays

Female Genital Mutilation: A Violation Of Human Rights

4090 words - 16 pages Jewish group known to have practiced it. Mainstream Judaism requires male circumcisions, but does not allow it for girls Soraghan (1999). Female genital mutilation is a human rights violation. United Kingdom made the 1985 prohibition of female circumcision act as a crime; again in 2003, the law improved and protected the practice to undergo aboard within immigrants; in United States the practice is illegal and offense by law WHO

Female Genital Mutilation As Violation Of Human Rights

3055 words - 12 pages the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the elimination of Discrimination against Women. Officers should not be reluctant to investigate alleged offences of FGM for fear of being considered racist.I think that the Female Genital Mutilation act is compatible with the european Convention on Human Rights, which was first open for signature in 1950. It is the foundation of much of theinternational work on human rights and embodies some of the

Female Genital Mutilation Essay

1678 words - 7 pages Female Genital Mutilation Female Genital Mutilation is believed to have started in Egypt 2,000 years ago and spread from there. Only a few years ago, FGM was considered a cultural tradition, but now the United Nations has labeled it as a violation of human rights. Canada, Denmark, the Netherlands, and the United States has declared Female Genital Mutilation grounds for seeking asylum and is a punishable offense (1).      Many of us never

Female Genital Mutilation Essay 927 Words

927 words - 4 pages Mutilation as so normal that they cannot imagine a woman who has not undergone mutilation."(FGM- Human Rights Information Pack) An Egyptian woman speaking of her 4 young daughters say "of course I shall have them circumcised exactly as their parents, grandparents and sisters were circumcised. This is our custom. Girls who are not circumcised as children are considered minorities, and will not be considered an adult until she undergoes genital