This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Female Genital Mutilation: A Violation Of Human Rights

4090 words - 16 pages

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is an ancient traditional non-therapeutic surgical procedure that involves total or partial removal of the external parts of female genitalia. This paper aimed to define and classify FGM, identifies the prevalence, describes reasons for performing the practice, and concentrates on the problems associated to this practice with regard to women’s health, religious beliefs, and socio-cultural, behavioral and moral consequences. Researches and survey reports that the global actions have been taken to reduce or abolish the prevalence of the practice will be assessed.

Introduction
Female genital mutilation (also known as female circumcision) is the cutting of female clitoral hood and removing clitoris. Following the cutting of female genital organ, there are many short-term and long-term health risk problems, and even death due to some complicated infections. The reasons for performing female genital mutilation are connected with socio-cultural beliefs, attitudes, values and customs, transition of girls into womanhood, tradition and cultural heritage, the fear of not having access to resources and opportunities as a young woman, perception to reduce sexual desire of females; hence, will sustain premarital virginity, and maintain marital fidelity. Actions have taken at international, national and regional levels since the past many years and have begun to bear fruits, but the practice is still undergoing in many countries in the world and highly prevalent in Africa. To continue and motivate further reduction in changing the society’s attitudes towards female genital mutilation in the countries where the prevalence has remained stable so it’s therefore vital that the work against female genital mutilation be strengthened to work against more effectively the underlying reasons behind continuation of the practice. Global measures should focus on the areas of socio-cultural, medical, and legal commitments, because, the practice has brought a negative impact on the women’ life, and violates human rights. Due to its multiple medical and social problems, female genital mutilation needs worldwide concern.
According to the definition of World Health Organization (2011), female genital mutilation is defined as any surgical change of the female genital organ, consist of any procedures involving partial or total removal of the external parts of female genital organ, or any other injuries to the female genitalia for cultural, or non-medical reasons. Based on the severity of cutting, World Health Organization (WHO) classifies female genital mutilation in to four (4) major parts.
Type-1: Partial or total removal of the clitoris and/or the prepuce (clitoridectomy)
Type-2: Partial or total removal of the clitoris and labia minora (inner lips of the vaginal opening), with or without removal of labia majora (outer lips of the vaginal opening)
Type-3: Narrowing...

Find Another Essay On Female Genital Mutilation: A Violation of Human Rights

Female Genital Mutilation Essay

1912 words - 8 pages Females as a general population have been faced with discrimination across the ages. In recent history, women have begun to assert their freedom and independence from the male oriented traditions that have spanned generations. In industrialized countries the discrimination of women has diminished, but a serious form of violation of human rights occurs sometimes in parts of the world, such as Africa, the Middle East, and even sometimes the United

Female Genital Mutilation Essay

1289 words - 6 pages on women suffering and living with FGM. Most of these stories are of women living with complications stemming from infibulation. Despite the stories, grandmothers and mothers are the ones who setup and perform the procedure. Female genital mutilation causes many health complications and has no health benefits. Cosmetic procedures such as labiaplasty or sex reassignment surgery procedures are not considered a form of female circumcision. FGM is a violation of human rights. It still continues today and in Africa about 3 million girls are at risk for female genital cutting every year.

female genital mutilation controversies

1574 words - 6 pages practices unless all evils of a comparable type have eradicated from one's own culture (Nussbaum 1). According to Nussbaum, moral obtuseness and parochialism are formed when the Westerners are too absorbed in increasing their culture to a higher moral level while failing to identify the plight of a fellow human being outside of their society. However, it is the third argument about the moral similarity between the female genital mutilation and

Female Genital Mutilation

4779 words - 19 pages Female Genital Mutilation Introduction: Worldwide, an estimated 130 million girls and women have undergone female genital mutilation. At least two million women a year are "at risk" of undergoing some form of the procedure. These numbers equal out to approximately 6,000 women at risk per day. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines Female Genital Mutilation as all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external

Female Genital Mutilation

1835 words - 7 pages Human Rights, but we must take into consideration the strong and unbinding presence of cultural importance and implications which make the matter much harder to resolve in a way that is effective. Although Female Genital mutilation is seen as barbaric, we must shed light on the fact that up until a few decades ago, the clitoris was still believed to be a very dangerous part of the body. "Elimination of clitoral sexuality is a necessary precondition

Female Genital Mutilation

1364 words - 5 pages " in Africa: Culture, Controversy, and Change; Lynne RiennerErich Eichman (1992). The Cutting Edge; National Review, Vol. 44, August 3Henriette Dahan Kalev (2004). Cultural Rights or Human Rights: The Case of Female Genital Mutilation; Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, Vol. 51Kathleen M. Sands (2000). God Forbid: Religion and Sex in American Public Life; Oxford University PressSigne Arnfred (2004). Re-Thinking Sexualities in Africa; Nordic African InstituteThe Washington Times (1996). INS Backs Asylum for Women Threatened by Mutilation Newspaper article by Joyce Price; May 2UN Chronicle (1999). Eradication of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Kenya Magazine article; V

Female Genital Mutilation

896 words - 4 pages For one minute I just want you to think you were born a female in an African country. Did you no you are 90% more likely to have had gone through some form of female genital mutilation. Every day, thousands of girls are targeted for mutilation. Like torture, female genital mutilation (FGM) involves the deliberate infliction of severe pain and suffering. Its effects can be life-threatening. Most survivors have to cope with the physical and

Female Genital Mutilation - 1710 words

1710 words - 7 pages Female Genital Mutilation Thesis Statement: The continued "underground" practice of FGM (Female Genital Mutilation) must be stopped in order to protect women throughout the world from a useless, unnecessary procedure that has been supported by male dominating societies as a means of control, at the expense, and lives, of women. I. Millions of girls and women have been mutilated by the practice of FGM a. Model, Waris Dirie, shares her

FGM, Female Genital Mutilation

517 words - 2 pages Female genital mutilation has been practiced in country's around the world for thousands of years, and will continue to be practiced, until those that practice it decide to stop.Many people who live in country's that are more industrialized, like the U.S.A., tend to think that no ones believes on right and wrong is correct, except their own. That is what comes up in conversation about FGM. Personally, I am not pro-FGM when it comes to its

The Inequality of Female Genital Mutilation

1492 words - 6 pages "Did you know that 125 million women have experienced female genital mutilation worldwide, and 3 million girls estimate at risk of the procedure each year"? (Facts to End FGM). Female genital mutilation is a procedure for females that implicates partial or total removal of the female genital organs. This procedure intentionally alters or causes injury to the female that can have short and long-term health risks with no benefits. In recent years

The Price of Tradition: Female Genital Mutilation

1226 words - 5 pages stitched, leaving space just for you to urine, and menstrual flow. FGM otherwise known as Female Genital Mutilation, is not practiced through religion, belief, or required by some parts of the country; but it's a tradition that many people practice even to this day. FGM is a tradition that continues to exist in twenty-five African countries, four Arabian peninsulas and in two Asian countries (Young 1130). FGM is basically the process of

Similar Essays

Female Genital Mutilation: A Gross Violation Of Human Rights

4225 words - 17 pages it is intentional or a direct result of the poverty levels within these countries these are rights that the people deserve to know they have. If women were exposed to various forms of media and knew of their rights, FGM would not be so highly practiced. Female Genital Mutilation is a flagrant violation of one’s human rights. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is also known as female circumcision. There is this passivity and social acceptance that

Female Genital Mutilation As Violation Of Human Rights

3055 words - 12 pages the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the elimination of Discrimination against Women. Officers should not be reluctant to investigate alleged offences of FGM for fear of being considered racist.I think that the Female Genital Mutilation act is compatible with the european Convention on Human Rights, which was first open for signature in 1950. It is the foundation of much of theinternational work on human rights and embodies some of the

Female Genital Mutilation Essay

1678 words - 7 pages Female Genital Mutilation Female Genital Mutilation is believed to have started in Egypt 2,000 years ago and spread from there. Only a few years ago, FGM was considered a cultural tradition, but now the United Nations has labeled it as a violation of human rights. Canada, Denmark, the Netherlands, and the United States has declared Female Genital Mutilation grounds for seeking asylum and is a punishable offense (1).      Many of us never

Female Genital Mutilation Essay 927 Words

927 words - 4 pages Mutilation as so normal that they cannot imagine a woman who has not undergone mutilation."(FGM- Human Rights Information Pack) An Egyptian woman speaking of her 4 young daughters say "of course I shall have them circumcised exactly as their parents, grandparents and sisters were circumcised. This is our custom. Girls who are not circumcised as children are considered minorities, and will not be considered an adult until she undergoes genital