Female Genital Mutilation: Children Of The United Kingdom

1630 words - 7 pages

Eric K. Silverman writes that the practice of FGM challenges ideas of inter alia cultural relativism and universalism. Those who protect the practice of FGM argue that if the West imposes their views on people of other cultures, this is a form of new colonialism, and those who try to eliminate the practice see their actions as the protection of human rights, he argues. Indeed, there are a plethora of cultures in the world, and many of these cultures have been suppressed in times of colonialism. No one can justify that their culture is 'higher' or better than someone else’s so that it gives them the power to change another's culture; all people within a culture follow their perceptions of a ...view middle of the document...

Culture and Choice
If everyone has the right to culture, women should also have the choice to change their own culture, as also mentioned by Holtmaat and Nabar. However, the issue is more complex than this, and cannot be resolved by simply giving women more power to change culture. Research by UNICEF shows that a very high percentage of women in African FGM practising countries support the practice. The question that then arises is whether it is just to try to change this practice if women support it, would that not be a kind of imperialism? Gerry Macky argues that “the women who practice infibulation are caught in a belief trap. The Bambara of Mali believe that the clitoris will kill a man if it comes in contact with the penis during intercourse. In Nigeria, some groups believe that a baby will die if its head touches the clitoris during delivery,” and she calls these “self-enforcing beliefs: a believe that cannot be revised because the believed costs of testing the believe are too high”. She further argues that the practice is seen as normal because many girls do not meet other girls who have not undergone FGM. Other data collected by UNICEF shows that there is a connection between women's acceptance of male dominance and women's support of FGM. For instance, the ratio of percentages of acceptance of wife-beating if a woman goes out without telling her husband, if she burns the food, if she argues with her husband or refuses sex and if she neglects her children is much higher if the women also support FGM. This shows that these women who support FGM might not actually consider themselves equal to men, and this can influence their opinion of FGM. If male dominance is very high and women reside with this because there is no opportunity for them to change this dominance or they do not know their rights, the reasons for their consent have to be examined in order to find out whether they truly wish for this practice and gender inequality to continue. UNICEF’s data shows, that women who are educated “are less likely to have circumcised daughters than women with lower or no
formal education”. This shows that if women are educated and are thus more aware of their rights, the practice of FGM is likely to decline. This implies that females who are not aware of their rights as human beings, and are suppressed, will be less likely to stand up against practices that enforce inequality. But this does not mean that these women truly support FGM and other practices that discriminate and suppress women. In order to find out whether women agree with these practices, equality of the sexes should be promoted in the form of education, so that their responses reflect their true thoughts that are not influenced by persistent discrimination.
The Rights of the Child and Culture
In article 21.1 of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, it is stated that:

“States Parties to the present Charter shall take all appropriate measures to...

Find Another Essay On Female Genital Mutilation: Children of the United Kingdom

Female Genital Mutilation Essay

1678 words - 7 pages Female Genital Mutilation Female Genital Mutilation is believed to have started in Egypt 2,000 years ago and spread from there. Only a few years ago, FGM was considered a cultural tradition, but now the United Nations has labeled it as a violation of human rights. Canada, Denmark, the Netherlands, and the United States has declared Female Genital Mutilation grounds for seeking asylum and is a punishable offense (1).      Many of us never

Female Genital Mutilation Essay

927 words - 4 pages and tight which simulates the sensation of virginity.In conclusion, I feel that Female Genital Mutilation is a horrible practice, and my heart goes out to the young children that go through this for cultural reasons (because of tradition), and to fit into their community. I also feel that it all boils down to a power issue. In many societies Female Genital Mutilation is practiced so men can have complete control over their women.

Female Genital Mutilation

1912 words - 8 pages . Alone, these two types of FGM composed approximately 90 percent of female genital mutilation. The third subtype is the most gruesome that is the narrowing the vagina opening by sealing the orifice with the use of the labia majora. These medical procedures have been described the WHO working in conjunction with United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations (UN), and United Nations

Female Genital Mutilation

1364 words - 5 pages A quite different type of surgery required by some cultures is known variously as female circumcision, female genital surgery, or female genital mutilation (FGM). The custom involves removal of some or all of a woman's external genitalia. The practice has existed for thousands of years and approximately 85 to 114 million women in the world have been circumcised. The practice is prevalent in Africa and the Middle East, but has also been

Female Genital Mutilation

1710 words - 7 pages Female Genital Mutilation Thesis Statement: The continued "underground" practice of FGM (Female Genital Mutilation) must be stopped in order to protect women throughout the world from a useless, unnecessary procedure that has been supported by male dominating societies as a means of control, at the expense, and lives, of women. I. Millions of girls and women have been mutilated by the practice of FGM a. Model, Waris Dirie, shares her

Female Genital Mutilation - 1289 words

1289 words - 6 pages Female Genital Mutilation is also known as female genital cutting or female circumcision. Female genital mutilation is the action or practice of cutting of the clitoris and sometimes the labia . FGM has been documented mainly in Africa. It is estimated that between 100 million and 140 million girls and women worldwide have been circumcised. Procedures are usually carried out on young girls between infancy and age 15. The procedure is

Female Genital Mutilation

1835 words - 7 pages Female Genital Mutilation Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), also known as female circumcision, is a destructive and invasive procedure involving the removal or alteration of female genital. The procedure is carried out at a variety of ages, ranging from shortly after birth to some time during the first pregnancy, but most commonly occurs between the ages of four and eight. There are three main types of FGC that are practiced: Type I (Sunna

The concerns of continuing female genital mutilation practices

608 words - 2 pages The article, "In Africa, FGM Checks into Hospitals," journalist Fredrick Nwzili writes about the concerns of continuing female genital mutilation practices. According to Nwzili, "now that some traditional practitioners have disavowed it, many doctors and nurses are taking up the illegal practice" (Nwzili). Apparently, some of the old traditional doctors discontinued female genital mutilation and also, another assumption for the increase in

female genital mutilation controversies

1574 words - 6 pages references to clitoridectomy reveal the dominant position men assume by considering women as sexual beings and the second one is that references allow the Westerners to overlook their own deficiencies by condemning "them", the female genital mutilation (FGM) advocates, for what they do to their women. In my opinion, Tamir's best argument to support her stance is that the objections to FGM arise as a result of patronizing attitudes toward women (Tamir 1

Female Genital Mutilation - 4779 words

4779 words - 19 pages Female Genital Mutilation Introduction: Worldwide, an estimated 130 million girls and women have undergone female genital mutilation. At least two million women a year are "at risk" of undergoing some form of the procedure. These numbers equal out to approximately 6,000 women at risk per day. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines Female Genital Mutilation as all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external

Female Genital Mutilation

896 words - 4 pages For one minute I just want you to think you were born a female in an African country. Did you no you are 90% more likely to have had gone through some form of female genital mutilation. Every day, thousands of girls are targeted for mutilation. Like torture, female genital mutilation (FGM) involves the deliberate infliction of severe pain and suffering. Its effects can be life-threatening. Most survivors have to cope with the physical and

Similar Essays

Female Genital Mutilation: Children Of The United Kingdom

1501 words - 6 pages Introduction On the 21 of March, 2014, the news service BBC posted the article “FGM: UK's first female genital mutilation prosecutions announced” on their site. In this article it is written that according to the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) a doctor at the Whittington Hospital will be prosecuted for the alleged offence of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). Since 1985, FGM has been an illegal practice in the United Kingdom. In order to tackle

The Inequality Of Female Genital Mutilation

1492 words - 6 pages "Did you know that 125 million women have experienced female genital mutilation worldwide, and 3 million girls estimate at risk of the procedure each year"? (Facts to End FGM). Female genital mutilation is a procedure for females that implicates partial or total removal of the female genital organs. This procedure intentionally alters or causes injury to the female that can have short and long-term health risks with no benefits. In recent years

The Price Of Tradition: Female Genital Mutilation

1226 words - 5 pages stitched, leaving space just for you to urine, and menstrual flow. FGM otherwise known as Female Genital Mutilation, is not practiced through religion, belief, or required by some parts of the country; but it's a tradition that many people practice even to this day. FGM is a tradition that continues to exist in twenty-five African countries, four Arabian peninsulas and in two Asian countries (Young 1130). FGM is basically the process of

The History Of Female Genital Mutilation And Its Consequences

1288 words - 6 pages illegal. From 1970s to 2012 the United Nations General Assembly voted all together to try and end the procedure once and for all and in the end they ended up succeeding with it. Back during the 19th century Europe and the United States would also perform this operation to treat masturbation and similar issues. In 2013 anti- female genital mutilation was passed in 33 countries outside of Africa and the Middle East. Sweden was the first western