Female’s Influence over People
Macbeth and The Crucible both portray strong female protagonists that have a lot of power over the other characters of the plays. In Shakespeare’s Macbeth and Arthur Miller’s The Crucible the female protagonists use equivocation, deception and fear to influence the minds of all the other characters in both plays. The influence of these women over especially the men leads the males into doing miserable, unforgettable and also unforgiveable deeds.
Equivocation is the intention to mislead, and misleading people is like a theme in the play Macbeth. It is because of the witches, who are technically protagonists, that Macbeth got the idea that he will become king of Scotland. “All hail Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter.”(Shakespeare.1.2.48). The witches initiate the murder of Duncan in Macbeth’s mind, and then he wrote a letter to Lady Macbeth, who plays with his manhood so that he can carry out the murder. “Art thou afeard to be the same in thine own act and valour.” (Shakespeare.1.7.39-40). Another example of equivocation is when Macbeth asks the witches for the three apparitions of who stands in his way of being king safely, “Macbeth, Macbeth, Macbeth. Beware Macduff, beware the Thane of Fife. Dismiss me Enough.” (Shakespeare.4.1.70-71) The other two apparitions told Macbeth not to be afraid until a man who is not born of woman approaches him and he shouldn’t be afraid until Birnam Wood uproots itself and moves towards high Dunsinane Hill. These three apparitions misleads Macbeth into believing that he is safe because technically every man is born of a woman and Birnam Wood moving to High Dunsinane Hill is not possible. Equivocation plays very important roles in Macbeth and The Crucible.
The Crucible shows very important examples which reflect on misleading people about supernatural events. This is evident when Abigail Williams gives dirty and wrong information about Elizabeth Proctor, “She hates me, uncle, she must, for I would not be her slave. It’s a bitter woman, a lying, cold, sniveling woman, and I will not work for such a woman!” (Miller 12) Elizabeth Proctor was a nice woman who was straight forward plus she was a woman of the truth and she never lied. In this quote Abigail Williams says the exact opposite of what Elizabeth Proctor really is. Abigail was fired from working at the Proctor’s because she and John Proctor had an affair and Elizabeth found out. Abigail Williams was a female protagonist and everybody in the town was scared because she misleads them into believing that there were witches, and the devil was loose in Salem and that he could influence on anybody. “Think you be so mighty that the power of Hell may o turn your wits? Beware of it! There is-it is truly frightened.” (Miller 108) In this quote Abigail says that the devil can overcome anybody including Judge Danforth. Giving wrong information about Elizabeth Proctor and misleading a whole town about witches clearly shows equivocation...