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Female Weightlifting Essay

2109 words - 8 pages

IntroductionWe all know that some parts of the male and female body are different. So do we all know that men and women react and respond differently to changes in their body? Some people do, but most of us don't. One specific change people can make for their bodies is to increase their muscle mass. In order to increase muscle mass, people need to strength train. The procedure that the muscles perform to increase its size by strength training is the same in both men and women. The components of muscle in the male and female body are the same. Although the effect on the rest of the body from increasing muscle mass can be different. Not all the effects are different, some are the same, but the different effects will alter male and female bodies differently. Today, I will answer the question of what the effects of strength training are on the female body; explaining both the positive effects and negative effects on females. Before I get started I will give a brief explanation of how muscles function, or the physiology of strength development, so we can better understand these effects.Physiology of Strength DevelopmentBefore a muscle can move or contract for strength training, events inside the muscle must occur. First, thick protein strands called myosin filaments, and thin protein strands called actin filaments, work together in a process called the sliding filament theory. Within this theory small projections called cross-bridges extend from the myosin filaments to connect with the surrounding actin filaments. These filaments are arranged in a functional contractile unit known as a sarcomere. Adjacent sarcomeres form myofibrils, which are the principal threads running throughout our muscles. Groups of myofibrils are bound together by a membrane called sarcolemma to form individual muscle fibers. Muscle fibers, in turn, are bound together by a membrane called perimysium into bundles of fibers known as fasiculi. These bundles of fibers are enclosed by a connective tissue called epimysium and function together as a muscle. So the most important component of the muscle is the contractile proteins, actin and myosin. When activated, these actin filaments are pulled toward the center of the thick myosin filaments by the cross bridges, which enables cross-linkages between the actin proteins and myosin proteins to occur. The energy needed for the muscular movement is obtained from a rapid series of events beginning with nervous stimulation of the muscle cell. Upon receiving the nerve impulse, calcium ions are released from the sarcoplasmic reticulum, a system of tubules that has storage and distribution functions, which inactivates, an inhibitory protein called troponin. When troponin is inactivated, myosin proteins function enzymatically to split adenosine tri phosphate (ATP) into adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and energy. All this ATP-splitting activity appears to take place at the cross bridges and provides energy for the actin-myosin cross-linkages, which...

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