Female Wiriters In America Essay

2636 words - 11 pages

Annotated Bibliography American Literature after Civil War
Alsudairy, H. T. (2011). Forging female tradition. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences. Retrieved August 15, 2014, from http://docsdrive.com/pdfs/knowledgia/ajaps/0000/29672-29672.pdfIn this article Alsudairy examined the feminist criticism through the protagonist of Edith Wharton's novel, The Custom of the Country (1913) in which the image of "new" American women in the nineteenth century was depicted truthfully. Wharton is one of the pioneers in bursting the female struggle flames into American literature. As any other women, Wharton experienced an unhappy life with an inappropriate marriage in the patriarchal society where the status of women was inferior to male' and their ambitions were confined by severe customs. Sympathizing and penetrating the women's aspiration to live in freedom as well as their sufferings, Wharton helped to raise women's voice and infuse her real life into the realistic presentation of the women's struggle in her works. In her time, American conventions did not give women equality in role, legal, economic, and sexual matters. Even when they were respected and not exploited, they were traded as goods. Undine Sprague, the heroine in the novel, was an ambitious woman determining to achieve a position in the society. Being a smart woman, Undine knew thoroughly how women's right restricted in a limitation of society, so she considered marriage "as passport to happiness" (p.2) and the means to reach her goals. After marring and affected by "three husbands": Ralp Marvell, Raymond, and Elmer Moffatt respectively, she became rich and famous women. However, her status was not equal with men's and also regarded as "decorative playthings as dolls and idols", "a property", "proud possession" of her husbands. In spite of attempting to fulfill her ambitions, she could not avoid the male-oriented society order and still belonged to the domestic sphere. The reality of her marriages was the businesses that she used her beauty, sexuality to exchange with wealthy men to get a social ladder. Nevertheless, she realized at last that her "businesses" were brought to ruin, she became fully imprisoned and suffocated. In Undine's society, women absolutely opposed to achieve her own individuality. Women could climb up to the social ladder, but they never escaped the rules and customs. Because of understanding the real circumstance, Undine made decision to divorce the third husband to save her life from "unfulfilled feelings" (p.5). To comparison with Undine, Alsudairy mentioned the other women character in the novel The House of Mirth, Lily. She was also an aware woman about women's right, so she tried hard to achieve reputation from restrictive mores of society. In contrast, Undine was willing to confront to everything even no moral and use them to secure her position. It was said that when the moral society prevented and limited women roles, they would not accept the order under male and...

Find Another Essay On female wiriters in america

The concerns of continuing female genital mutilation practices.

608 words - 2 pages The article, "In Africa, FGM Checks into Hospitals," journalist Fredrick Nwzili writes about the concerns of continuing female genital mutilation practices. According to Nwzili, "now that some traditional practitioners have disavowed it, many doctors and nurses are taking up the illegal practice" (Nwzili). Apparently, some of the old traditional doctors discontinued female genital mutilation and also, another assumption for the increase in


2487 words - 10 pages Viewpoints In Context. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. Eghigian, M. (2006). GIRLS IN GANGS: On the rise in America. Corrections Today, 68(2), 48. Fishman, L. T. ( 1992, March). The Vice Queens: An ethnographic study of black female gang behavior. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Chicago. Females' Criminal Activities within the Gang - Women Gangs. (n.d.). Females' Criminal Activities within the Gang - Women Gangs

The Road to Civil War By: Tan Ly

1723 words - 7 pages organisations. The institutions of church and school fostered close relations among these educated middle class women. They nurtured a female culture where women could act, both privately and publicly on a value system increasingly at odds with those of the dominant male sex. The reform institutions gave women a way of defining themselves and the world around them, reshaping definitions of public and private, male and female.Traditionally women in America

The True Cost of Female Infanticide: An In Depth Investigation of Female Infanticide in China and India

2464 words - 10 pages also in places like the United Kingdom and the United States of America. By addressing this gap, it makes it much more possible to encourage families to keep female children and view them as equally footed in the working world. But out of all of these solutions the most important solution is education. As mentioned before, it is not enough to demand people to obey laws that many consider unrealistic or harmful to the overall welfare and success of

Nike Advertising: Changing The Way We Loko At Womens' Sports

1299 words - 5 pages ). The push for female consumers was started when sales in men's sports apparel dropped heavily in the early 1990's and women's sport apparel rose. In 1994 the women's sport shoe market increased 45%, and Nike's women's fitness line grew 26% and an additional 51% in 1995 (Nike 118). The increase in female sport shoes was not the only sign of the growing dominates women were having in sports apparel. "According to 1994 sales figures from the National

Female Circumcision

1723 words - 7 pages wrong of Gerwirth to assume that solely his way is the right way. On another level, it is true that if female circumcision were to be practiced in America I would feel it to be a great injustice; but, the fact remains that we, as Americans, do not have thousands of years of history and tradition regarding the practice of female circumcision. I am sure that there are other societies who disapprove of many of the customs that we, as Americans

The Glass Ceiling and the Lack of Female Executive Leadership

2355 words - 9 pages cases women get professionally discriminated at work place. They get paid less, have fewer opportunities for promotion, and in case of performance management or even downsizing, are often considered the first to be purged from a company. The number of female CEOs in companies, both in America and abroad, remains very low, although there are signs of improvement that are being seen. It is paradox, as in other areas of professional life, such as

Hispanic Family Structured in USA

1071 words - 5 pages family households live in the United States. Also there are 50.5 million Hispanics that live in the United States today and the Hispanic population is made up of 16.3%. The 2010 census also confirms that 63% of Hispanic families in America consist of a married couple. Family is a good thing to value, but their many factors that affect families today. Some factors that has affected Hispanic families are female-headed households, gay and lesbian


1181 words - 5 pages ). Benjamin Rush, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, supported education for women as he saw it "necessary that women be qualified to a certain degree of education in instructing their sons of liberty and government" (Document B). In the 1780's, at least half of the white women in America were illiterate but half a century later in the 1830's, the first women's college was opened and the level of female literacy rose (133, 312 Carnes). The new

Adverse Health Effects of Adolescent Pregnancy

1806 words - 8 pages countries. Since adolescents in developing countries do not have access to birth control it leads to unintended pregnancy which has detrimental effects on female adolescent outcomes. In comparison, female adolescents in America and similar developed countries have more access to contraceptives without parental permission (“Facts on American Teens’”, 2013). These proofs lead one to question as to why, even with the available contraceptives to

Why Female Colleges are the Best Four Years Investment for Girls?

1201 words - 5 pages distract from the male presence. These single sex colleges offer a huge range of development areas for women in order to become them excellent leaders and efficient professionals at whichever area they wish to perform. The issue is not to compete between the education quality offered by female colleges and coed-schools. Both of them offer a good educational curriculum, but they might offer a different environment which influences the skill

Similar Essays

“Seeing Through The Bell Jar: Distorted Female Identity In Cold War America

1589 words - 6 pages The essay “Seeing Through the Bell Jar: Distorted Female Identity in Cold War America” by Rosi Smith, argues that the book, “The Bell Jar”, by Sylvia Plath is about women in 1950s America who struggled to find their personal identities outside what was defined by the Cold War Ideology of the role of women in the household. According to Smith, the character Esther Greenwood’s inability to integrate her identity is because of the state of the

Female Beauty In America Essay

1390 words - 6 pages influencing the youth of America. Mischa Barton and Kate Hudson, two well-known celebrities, are now part of the new face of America. They are both A-List stars on the cover of two popular magazines. Neither Mischa nor Kate is portrayed in a tasteless fashion. They represent the essence of what a real woman is. Mischa, for example, is dressed in a trendy outfit ready, perhaps, for a day of shopping. She has an air of mystery about her that

An Examination Of American Female Adolescents

1981 words - 8 pages is the eighth most common cancer among urban African-American female adolescents (Eddy, 1990; Miller et al, 1990; International Agency for Research on Cancer Working Group on Evaluation of Cervical Cancer Screening Programmers, 1986). Each year in America, approximately 350 urban African-American female adolescents die of invasive cancer of the cervix and 1000 new cases are diagnosed (American Health Minister's Advisory Council, 1991). The key

Portrayal Of Gender In Video Games And Its Effects On Society

1739 words - 7 pages According to the data presented by the Entertainment Software Association, roughly 58% of Americans play video games. Worth over 20 billion dollars, the video game industry is one of the fastest growing businesses for entertainment outlets in America. With growing influence on the public, more attention is being brought to the exact content of these games and whether they have any lasting effects on individuals outside their virtual walls