Dorthea Dix was born in Hampden Main, in 1802. She started teaching charity schools and writing textbooks at age 14. She became a social reformer, and her loyalty to the welfare of the mentally ill led to a widespread of international reforms. After seeing all the horrifying conditions at a Massachusetts prison, she spent the next 40 years lobbying U.S. and Canadian legislators to initiate state hospitals for the mentally ill. Her efforts affected the building of 32 institutions in the United States. In 1861, when the Civil War broke out she provided her services and eventually was named superintendent of United States Army Nurses. She was accountable for setting up field hospitals, first-aid stations, drafting nurses, managing supplies, and managing training programs. Although she was very effective and concentrated, many people thought she didn't have the social skills necessary to navigate the militaries bureaucracy. Yet she stayed after the war, helping to track missing soldiers, write letters to families, and help soldiers secure their pensions.
Clara Barton was known as one of the most honored women in American history. She was among the first women to gain employment in the federal government. She worked as a recording clerk in the U.S. Patent Office in Washington, D.C. when the first united of federal troops came into the city. She devoted her personal assistance to the men in uniform, some who had already been wounded, hungry, or were without bedding and clothing. She also started providing supplies to the young men of the Sixth Massachusetts Infantry who had been ambushed in Baltimore in the uncompleted Capitol building. She helped them write letters, and pray with them.
Clara was known as the "Angel of the Battlefield". She would materialize at field hospitals at midnight with a wagon full of supplies carried by a four-mule pack. She would shadow the cannon and travel all night pulling ahead of other medical units. Clara eventually accomplished managing the Office of Correspondence with Friends of the Missing Men of the United States Army and controlled it out of her rooms in Washington for four years. Her assistants acquired and responded to over 63,000 letters, and distinguished 22,000 missing men. After her services correlated with the establishment of the Red Cross, she engaged in making a national cemetery around the graves of the Union men who had died in the Andersonville Prison in Georgia. There she helped raise the U.S. flag over the grounds, and identified the graves of almost 13,000 men.
Harriet Tubman was very well known for risking her life to help escaped slaved get to freedom in the North. She worked for the Union army as not only a nurse, but also a cook, and a spy during the Civil War. She led slaves through the...