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Feminisation Of Labour Essay

1979 words - 8 pages

What is the feminization of labor, and is it a good or bad thing for women in developing countries?This essay examines whether feminization of labor is a good or bad thing for women in developing countries. The labor force in the world has changed significantly during neoliberal globalization (Rahman, 2011). Which lead to feminization of labor, which is also defined as "emerging gendered labor relations born out of the rise of global capitalism it is feminization of the workplace, which is a trend towards greater employment of women, and of men willing and able to operate with these more feminized workplace. Feminization of labor is a result of expansion of trade, capital flows, and technological advances. Gender discrimination, violence, sweatshops, and sexual harassment are some of the adverse results of feminization of labor. Multinationals prefer women in labor force as women have from long since worked for lower wages and are less likely to organize." (Definitions.uslegal.com, 2013).Feminization of labor began end of the 19th century, where factories were replaced families as the main productive unit. Most of the women were laboring as "servants, dressmakers, teachers, seamstresses, tailors, housekeepers, launderers, milliners and saleswomen"(Connelly, 2013). By the late 1980s, more than half of working age women was working in the paid labor force and women achieved one third of the total labor force in the world. Nevertheless feminization paid work had its beginning during the development of the textile and clothing industry in the world. Men were afraid that the cheap labor of females would undercut their wages; employers and ethical reformers were concerned that work would damage the femininity and high moral values of females and divert them from their true profession as wives and mothers.During the World War I, women replaced men who joined the military services, but the shortage of labor was not sufficient to warrant their large-scale employment. Although females did men's jobs, they did not get men's wages. However end the 20th century, the amount of occupations accessible to women was controlled and strong sentiment existed against married women working outside the home (Connelly, 2013).This paper argues that feminization of labor is bad in developing countries because in developing countries females get easily exploited. Although there are a few positive aspects regarding feminization of labor in developing countries, it is clearly shown according to the evidence and facts given that there are more negative aspects regarding feminization of labor in developing countries than the positive.The increasing obligation for large scale manufacturing of high quality goods at a relatively low cost of production which have negative influence on the women labor force who are working in those factories and also they are endlessly exploited by the companies for their 'cheap and flexible' labor. Women are measured to be hardworking, passive and...

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