Juskiene, Vaineta. "Female Image in the Biblical Text: Aspect of Creationsim." Feminist -------------Theology. Journal Biblical Literature, 1 Dec. 2010. Web. 2 Apr. 2012.
Rooke, Deborah W. "Feminist Criticism of the Old Testament: Why Bother?"Libraries.Slu.Edu. ----Journal Biblical Literature, 1 Jan. 2007. Web. 6 Apr. 2012. .
Feminism in the Old Testament
The first article that is discussed in great proportion is called ‘The Feminist Criticism of the Old Testament: Why Bother?’ by Deborah W. Rooke. Rooke voices her opinion quite clear by making the statement that within the Western cultural mythology people have been engrained with the story of Adam and Eve on the biased notions that the woman (Eve) is to be subordinate to the man (Adam) because that is the common interpretation society is presented with. However, that notion as expressed by Rooke is in dire need of a feminist reading of Genesis 2-3 which will highlight the difficulties with the traditional subordinations’ reading, and ultimately will suggest other possibilities for interpretation and not just the one-sided “patriarchal authority claims, thereby making it possible to envisage, and work towards, a different world-order” (Rooke, 1). Taking the standpoint of what seems to be the polar opposite of a patriarchal world order Rooke explains how in essence the voices of the silenced women from within the pages of the book needs to be recovered. Rooke makes the point that the narrative of Adam and Eve in Genesis 2-3, a narrative “is widely understood to show women as being intrinsically inferior to men, weak, susceptible to temptation, a bad influence, and therefore both by right and by necessity under male authority”(Rooke, 3). It is expressed that the interpretations are mysoginistic and sexist as the traditional readings of Genisis 2-3 begin from the biblical era and blame the woman for sin and fall. Most notably Rooke points out that woman were not at the heart of the fall of man and that there are two crucial parts missing in that statement. Why does God lie to the (hu)man and why is the snake punished for telling the truth? Rooke goes on to explain how ‘God tells the (hu)man that on the day that he eats the fruit from the tree of knowledge of good and evil, he will die’ (Gen, 2.17), the snake tells the woman that she and the man will not die, but would be given knowledge (3.4-5).’ Throughout the article Rooke takes another standpoint, a feminist standpoint, and in her interpretation of the bible argues the inferior nature of the woman in the Old Testament. It can be surmised from the article that Rooke feels that female subordination on the grounds that the woman’s inferior status and weak, susceptible characters means that she deserves to be under her husband’s authority is preposterous.