This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Feminist Criminology Essay

1275 words - 5 pages

Feminist criminology is the study of crime in terms of gender for example why men commit more crime than women, why women do more petty crimes, like shop lifting, than violent crime, sexism in the court system, and female victimization. Feminist criminology contains many branches. Liberal, radical, Marxist, and socialist feminism are widely recognized, although other "strands" exist such as postmodernism and ecofeminism. Most feminist criminology involves critiques about how women offenders have been ignored, distorted, or stereotyped within traditional criminology, but there is no shortage of separate theories and modifications of existing theories.
While all feminist theorists share a common focus on gender inequality, there are differing views on the source of the problem and the ultimate solution. Liberal Feminists Freda Adler and Rita argued that sociological factors, not physiology, best explain women’s criminality. There is a strong relationship between women’s emancipation and the increase in female crime rates. As women become more liberated and become more involved in full time jobs, they are more likely to engage in the types of crime that men commit. Thrasher, a leading exponent of the social disorganization perspective, felt that girls and women committed less crime because they were more closely supervised by boys and men. These arguments lacked any factual support.
Most of the crimes committed by women were not related to improved labor market opportunities. Feminist research has shown many female offenders often are single parents and some maybe pregnant resulting in more females receiving lesser sentences rather than imprisonment, as the courts have the added responsibility of children to consider. As far as the crimes themselves, women are more likely to deviate out of necessity, for example shoplifting where a woman may steal from a shop to provide for her children. Even now women primarily commit petty property crimes, such as shoplifting, bad checks, and welfare fraud, which are offenses caused by an increasing feminization of poverty. Women’s crimes tend to follow their traditional roles as shoppers, consumers, and health care providers within the family.
When a woman is arrested for a crime, statistically she is less likely to be arrested following a stop and search whereas a man is more likely; women are more likely to
receive a warning. Females who appear in court whether they are a victim or an offender tended to be regarded more favorably if they fit the stereotypical view of what a woman is, such as caring, gentle etc. When a women receives a harsher sentence it is usually because she is seen not fit the stereotypical view of women especially if she has committed murder, for instance. However a woman who has suffered many years of abuse by her husband then takes matters into
her own hands is often given harsher sentences than some men who kill their wives. Showing that perhaps there is sexism within the judiciary...

Find Another Essay On Feminist Criminology

Feminist writers Essay

1257 words - 5 pages THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF FEMINIST RESEARCHQ1. Overall, what aspect of criminology has been 'exposed' by feminist writers?Feminist writers have managed to achieve many things and to also demonstrate that criminology is dominated by men in all areas. Practically all of the theories within criminology have relatively ignored women, only to see them predominately in the role of caregiver and mother rather than a prospective criminal. Women tended to be

Criminology Essay

2308 words - 10 pages environments. Many critics have also pointed out that while socio-ecological theorists claim that crime is resultant from social disorganization, crime in itself is a form of social disorganization. Feminist criminology is another theory which attempts to analyse the causes of crime. Until recently, with the emergence of the modern feminist movement, the issue of female criminality has received scant attention among criminological researchers

“Does the Criminal Justice System have a gendered response towards Filicide when it comes to punishing the offender?”

3562 words - 14 pages therefore, are issued lenient sentences by males. However, there is little empirical evidence to support these particular claims. Therefore, only their first hypothesis has any influence in determining, within this essay, whether the Criminal Justice System is gender-sensitive in its response to filicide. The majority of Feminist criminology believes that the Criminal Justice System holds a stereotyped distortion of female criminality and ignores

Violent Females and Restorative Justice

1789 words - 7 pages have a heightened emotional response to other people and the connections they have with them, attention needs to be raised to the increase in female violent offending (Murdoch, et.al, 2010). The idea that women are committing more crime can be supported by feminist theories of criminology, as it would be assumed that women are seeking equality to men (Kelty, et. al, 2011). Women and men have different values when connecting with other people

Female Deviance

2418 words - 10 pages fundamental aspects in female deviation .Feminists argue that although a child may have a biological sex, it has no gender identity . Gender identity is a social construct of behaviour applicable templates shaped predominately by the family and the media , with a result of an internalised gender identity corresponding to the social expectations for that gender .Feminist theories of women's deviance are based upon a Marxist like premise that women are

Assessing The Feminist View That Conventional Malestream Theories Are Inadequate For An Understanding Of Women In Society

2497 words - 10 pages Assessing The Feminist View That Conventional Malestream Theories Are Inadequate For An Understanding Of Women In Society Feminism is divided into several different versions. However, they all share several common assumptions. They view society as patriarchal, that is, dominated by men. They see men as the most important source of women's oppression in society. For example, feminists see men as having the most power in the

Theories of delinquency

2601 words - 10 pages expose women's experiences of victimisation in such situations as domestic abuse and in doing so have also exposed the extent of such hidden crimes.In conclusion this essay has successfully described several theories of crime causation and has identified the factors that affect both criminals and their victims. It has also described both the feminist aspect of criminology as well as the crime of the affluent (that of 'white collar' crime

Serial Killers and Sociopathic Couples

1295 words - 6 pages . (2014). Serial killers: I. Subtypes, patterns, and motives. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 19(1), 1-11. Thompson, J., & Ricard, S. (2009). Women’s Role in Serial Killing Teams: Reconstructing a Radical Feminist Perspective. Critical Criminology, 17(4), 261-275.

Dissertation on Crime and Gender

5663 words - 23 pages useful, they do not fully explain male or female criminology. Consequently, the utilization of the feminist perspective may be quite useful in not only generating models for female offenders but able to shed light on what went wrong with male criminals. This feminist viewpoint is different from other perspectives in the following ways:1) Gender is not a natural fact but a complex social, historical and cultural product related to but limited to

Gender Politics in the US Criminal Justice System

1710 words - 7 pages training was centered on fostering ladylike behavior and turning women into perfect wives and mother, while at the same time repressing their sexuality. It encouraged subordination and isolation in order to instill in these women a new value system. However, the Great Depression and decline in the feminist movement in the 1930's lead these institutions to their demise. Although they are gone, reformatories, and early governmental and societal actions

Dangerous Exits: Escaping Abusive Relationships in Rural America

1663 words - 7 pages their own homes and the book itself is a contribution which is very valuable to the Violence Against Women field by addressing the three common areas which are found in gender based violence namely; divorce/separation violence, the general experiences of the rural women, and sexual violence like the intimate partner sexual violence. The book was authored by DeKeseredy Walter who is a criminology professor in UOIT (University of Ontario Institute

Similar Essays

Outline And Evaluate What You Take To Be The Achievements Of Feminist Criminology

1922 words - 8 pages Criminology covers a whole multitude of approaches to the study of crime and deviance. Over the last 30 years feminist perspectives have challenged theories, concepts, and assumptions of much of the classical criminological work. They state that gender issues have been hidden in criminology. Feminists argue that men are the dominant group within society and have therefore constructed and enforced laws that disadvantage women. This essay will

Social Conflict Theories Essay

891 words - 4 pages criminology that comes with its own tenants and shortcomings. Peacemaking criminology, left-realist criminology, convict criminology, postmodern criminology, and feminist criminology, are emerging social conflict theories that where associated with the radical ideas of mid-twentieth Marxist criminology. One type of analytical perspective is the conflict perspective which is the belief that conflict is fundamental and social life and cannot ever be

"Walklate (1998: Vi) Suggests Feminism And Criminology May Be Contradictions In Terms. To What Extent Do You Agree With Her?

1708 words - 7 pages feminism and particularly the debate of 'the new female offender', as brought to light by Adler, 1975. The essay will critically assess why feminist perspectives in criminology are relevant and detail the use of them in relation to female offending.In any discussion of the relationship between feminism and criminology it is important to recognise the complexities in their relationship. There is no one feminism and no one criminology. "Different

Aspects Of Criminology Essay

2054 words - 8 pages that results from negative responses of society. Ervin Goffman introduced people to the dramaturgical perspective. The dramaturgical perspective depicts human behavior as centered on the purposeful management of impressions and seeks explanatory power in the analysis of social performances. The last group of theories in criminology are the social conflict theories. These theories are radical criminology, feminist criminology, peacemaking