Fgpojkklb Essay

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Dragonette PAGE 11
Laura DragonetteENG 3000Dr. Gulley29 April 2011Psychoanalyzing Fight ClubWhen it comes to Freudian psychoanalysis, nothing is ever what it seems. The aim of psychoanalytic criticism is to decode symbolism and discover the covert meanings in a work of literature. Sigmund Freud, a neuropsychiatrist from Austria, first proposed the ideas central to psychoanalytic criticism in the early twentieth century. Freudian theory focuses on concepts which are well-known and popularized today, such as the Oedipus complex, and introduces the distinction between the conscious and the unconscious. It also categorizes the mind into three distinct areas: the childlike id, the mature superego, and the ego which strives to keep the other two balanced. In literary criticism, psychoanalysis aims to determine the unconscious motives of the author and/or characters and prove them to be central to the plot. Each of Freud's theories can be applied to Chuck Palahniuk's Fight Club, in which the Narrator forms an alternate personality, Tyler Durden, and uses him to carry out all of his unconscious desires. He craves a sense of identity; by creating Tyler, he has a way to create a new identity. However, the novel becomes a battle for power over the Narrator's physical body and a struggle between his conscious and unconscious minds. Freudian ideas shed light upon the factors that contribute to the identity crisis and subsequent mental breakdown of the novel's protagonist, including his lack of a paternal figure, his unconscious love for Marla Singer, and his desire to significantly alter his unsatisfactory life.Throughout Fight Club, the Narrator remains unnamed, implying a lost sense of identity and a disconnection with his own mind. He is dissatisfied with his life, and his creation of Tyler Durden coincides with a violent break from his subservient, conformist existence. The event that sets into motion a new chapter of the Narrator's life is the explosion of his fifteenth-floor condominium and the subsequent destruction of every material item he possesses. Homeless, he seeks out Tyler, whom he recently "met" while on a business trip that suspiciously coincides with his apartment being blown away. He moves into the secluded, run down house that Tyler has lived in for a few weeks prior. Here, it is apparent that the personality of Tyler has existed long before the Narrator was aware. The novel reveals that Tyler instigates the apartment explosion, which implies that the Narrator blows up his own residence. He needs a symbol of change, an extreme event that signifies a break from his old life and an initiation into his new life. By destroying everything he owns, he is able to release himself from his material obsession and begin a new life of freedom. He strives for a sense of identity and Tyler is able to make that possible.Sigmund Freud proposes the concepts of the conscious and the unconscious, the overt and covert aspects of a person's mind,...

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