Fibromyalgia, also known as fibromyalgia syndrome and fibromyositis, is a chronic pain disorder that affects people physically, socially, and mentally. It can affect any area of the body and affects multiple areas. This disorder is most common in women, but it can also affect men and children of all ethnic groups. Most people are diagnosed between the ages of twenty and fifty. People who have Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lupus, or Spinal Arthritis have an increased risk of developing Fibromyalgia. This disorder cannot be transmitted from person to person.
There are three main symptoms of Fibromyalgia: pain, fatigue, and sleep problems. The pain experienced by people with this disorder is chronic and widespread. The pain can spread to any part of the body. Many patients describe the pain as feelings of being shot, stabbed, and deep muscle pain. The pains these people suffer also cause numbness, burning, and tingling sensations. Their pain can be affected by factors such as weather, stress, exercise, and fatigue. People who suffer from Fibromyalgia suffer from intense fatigue. This disrupts their normal lives and affects them socially. Lastly, Fibromyalgia patients suffer through immense sleep problems. They rarely get a deep or peaceful sleep because they are constantly interrupted with awake-like brain activity. Some other symptoms can include impaired coordination, dizziness, migraines, impaired memory and concentration, and skin sensitivities.
The cause of Fibromyalgia is still unknown, but researchers believe it is linked to a disorder of central processing neurotransmitters. They believe the pain is caused by the amplification of abnormal sensory processing in the nervous system. Some studies suggest that genes are involved, but the majority of patients’ Fibromyalgia is triggered by traumas or illnesses to the body.
There is no cure for Fibromyalgia, but there are treatments available to help people cope with the pain and discomfort from this disorder. Pain management is crucial for people with Fibromyalgia. There are several non-narcotic pain relievers and antidepressants that can be prescribed to patients to help relieve and manage some pain. Regular and gentle stretching and exercises help reduce pain and stiffness by maintaining muscle tone. Sleep management is another important step to help people with Fibromyalgia. Patients may be prescribed sleep medications to help patients sleep at night. Patients also have to change their life styles and develop a healthy sleep regiment such as no caffeine, sugar, or food before bed, light exercise during the day, and a peaceful sleeping environment. Patients also need physiological support. Learning to live with a chronic illness can cause depression and strain a person emotionally. They need to be...