Fiction In Gulliver’s Travels By Jonathan Swift

1510 words - 7 pages

Growth of Gulliver’s Madness
The journey to the country of the Houyhnhnms in Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels presents to the reader a sub sequential growth of madness which is fictional. Swift style of writing was satiric and can be said to be Utopian in the message he intends to portray. The use of Houyhnhnms and Yahoos reveals much about the imaginary way of presenting a subject across to an audience.
An endeavor, such as the one taken by Gulliver always comes with a risk. Considering the fact that he was not content with his human nature, and demonstrated his preference for animals and their set of organization. One may ask why Gulliver preferred the lifestyle of horses to that ...view middle of the document...

Chloe Houston reflection on Gulliver’s Travel argued about the Utopia of this expression. How can you perceive animals in such a manner? This development of changes in Gulliver’s state of mind is a clear demonstration of madness. Gulliver’s perception about these animals is not the only strange thing he did, in addition to this; he was keen in having a relationship with these animals. At first he learnt how to say certain words with an accent like the horses. Example of which were like; Yahoo, Hhuun and Hounyhnhnms.
Who in their rightful mind would want to express themselves like animals and not only that, but try to understand their language. Most of the commons in society in the 1700’s were not properly educated. Their vocabulary and pronunciation of words differs from that of the educated, the high society were Swift belongs. Initially all seemed right when associated himself with the animals and was trying to be like them. But along the line Gulliver was not too sure why the animals kept saying to themselves Yahoo, Yahoo anytime he was introduced to someone new. The Yahoos as mentioned by Swift, represents those in society who thought highly of
themselves. The elite in society is typical example of such people. It is also madness to think of yourself what you are not and to mockery of the down and trodden in society.
Another interesting note about Gulliver’s journey was how he did not want the horses to know that he is one of the Yahoos. Gulliver reported that” The great difficulty that seemed to stick with the two horses was to see the rest of my body so very different from that of a Yahoo, for which I was obliged to my clothes, whereof they had no conception,”(301). Why would Gulliver reject his bodily form that enable to belong to an ideal society and make claims to an Utopian one like that of the Houyhnhnms? Refusing to come in terms with the ideal state of thinking is sign of utterly madness. It is a deliberate mockery of oneself, and an attempt to portray the best in another set while looking down on your own. But the use of fiction in this satire writing testifies how difficult it was for Swift to voice out his opinions about changes that ought to be made within the elements of society. The Anglican Church was the ruling set-up that had much control on the lifestyle on the people during Swift times. Challenging the status quo would be considered an unpardonable sin. Yet history reveals that, King Henry the VIII broke away from the Roman Catholic and formed the Anglican Church. If the Roman Catholic Church permitted the break away because of different religious, wouldn’t it have a proper thing to room for change in the British society?
The contrary to expectation is what Jonathan Swift endured in his times. More so, somebody would have to speak for the masses and Gulliver’s expository is fantastic, and in some way reveals how the religious elite thinks that the commons seems to be okay with how they govern and...

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