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Fictive Kinshis Essay

2058 words - 9 pages

Humans are social beings; as a species we are coded to search for the companionship of other individuals, even when they are non-human. Interpersonal relationships make us feel safe, because it would gave us advantage over predators. Therefore, each person is born inside of a community that would care for them, and as a response, they would contribute to the community´s maintenance and development. Every person would create several bonds with other people throughout their lives. During the first years of life, those relationships would involve the closest family members, who will satisfy the child´s need for social interactions; also, such contacts would help the individual to improve the ...view middle of the document...

Another example of fictive kinship is the brotherhood that is created in the military, when soldiers that are away from home form bonds that help them overcome the hard times. Moreover, the families of soldiers create their own fictive kinship relationships, because they get through the same circumstances.
(2) One of the most pervasive systems of fictive kinships is the Hispanic system known as compadrazgo, which could be literally translated as co-parenthood. It is a form of fictive kinship that basically consist in that the parents of a child choose another individuals, normally they choose a person with whom they possess a very strong relationship, to take care of their child in case the parents would be unable to do it. Moreover, the co-father and the co-mother, also known as compadre and comadre relatively, are then responsible of the raising of the child if the parents are absent. They take a role of a kind of Godfathers to the child. Because of the extreme responsibility that is put on the hands of the Padrinos causes that such are only chosen if they shared a profound relationship with the child´s parents. Finally, even if the Godfathers do not have the necessity to assume the parent´s role, they would usually still take a major part on the child´s upbringing, and tend to be very close to the family.
However, thought the compadrazgo is one of the most familiar systems, fictive kinships exist all over the world. Almost in every community people create fictive relationships with others. Although it is uncommon, people of certain professions are able to develop their own kinship systems with their peers. For example, in the medicine field, young apprentices are known for developing bonds with their mentors. Often looking at them with admiration and with as a paternal o maternal figure. (3) According to Richard Maddy such event has been present in the medical community since almost two millenniums ago (286). There is evidence of the ideology that have surrounded the field of medicine from the beginning in The Hippocratic Oath, who claims to “consider dear to me as my parents him who taught me this art”. Moreover, the Hippocratic Oath, created approximately 430 B.C., demonstrates the profound admiration that mentors receive from their students, to whom they consider as part of their families. The relation created between doctors seems to have a huge impact in their lives, comparing it with consanguineal relationships, and sometimes having a bigger influence. For example, there has been evidence of doctors that would stop smoking as request from their mentors, even after refusing to do it when requested from their own fathers (Cassell 1996).
The creation of fictive relationships is an important base of the medical community that offers several advantages to its member. The integration of individuals often opens intellectual opportunities for every person affiliated to the society. Moreover, members even offer emotional support to each...

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