Field Day Group And Women Victimization

1013 words - 4 pages

In her essay, Lauren Onkey reveals how colonialism and nationalism victimize women in the past. Traditionally, woman is considered inferior and weaker whereas man is superior and powerful. This sexist characterization of gender is based on the assumption of sexual dominance. During the period of colonization, Colonial power deliberately describes the colonies as feminine “to justify its ‘civilizing’ mission” (160). Since then, woman becomes the symbol and property of nation. Thence, the nation assumes the right to ‘supervise’ her behavior. Richard Kearney suggests “the symbol of woman as nation as a somewhat benevolent response to colonial conquest” (160). The ‘elevation’ of woman as a symbol and property of nation is problematic at least to women because it makes self-determination inapplicable to women. In Ireland specifically, women’s issues are defined as trivial compared to the more important issues of nationalism. The Field Day group which is supposed to “rethink ideas about the nation, literature, politics and culture” fails to include the issues of women in its agenda. Onkey argues that Field Day simply ignores the creative works produced by women and topics of women, sexuality and gender are absent in most literary discourse. Female writers are also marginalized since “of over 300 writers included covering 1500 years, only 39 are women” (162).

Onkey also believes Translations by Brian Friel – Field Day’s first theatrical production – has been misunderstood by most critics to be largely about colonialism and nationalism. Critics rarely mention about women’s issues which are essential in the play. Onkey disagrees with most critics who interpret the female characters – Maire and Sarah – exclusively based on a nationalistic perspective. She believes Friel tries to unveil the symbolic burden that women carry through the female personas. For instance, Maire’s sexual transgression is intolerable in her community because she is seen as a symbol and property of Baile Beag. Hence, Lieutenant Yolland’s attempt to possess Maire is considered as a threat to the community. In this case, Maire’s freedom is hampered by her symbolic status. Onkey claims that critics tend to see the struggle between Irish and English language as the key issue in Translations. She dismisses this simple observation and suggests that it is unfair because the female roles in the play are automatically excluded from the linguistic struggle since Maire and Sarah have little to do with it. Onkey believes that women’s issues should be highlighted and many critics fail to grasp the bigger idea behind Brian Friel’s Translations which is “misreading is the inevitable result of reading symbolically, without ambiguity, based solely on myths and stereotypes” (164).

To support her argument, Onkey draws our attention to the first scene of the play in which Friel presents the legendary case of Grania who causes the division in her community by following her desire and defying the...

Find Another Essay On Field Day Group and Women Victimization

Explore how the roles of men and women are portrayed in "The Winter's Tale"(William Shakespeare) and how the modern day audience would react to them

2778 words - 11 pages "The Winter's Tale" encompasses many different underlying themes within its pages. It is important to recognise that the contemporary audience would have reacted to the play very differently to its modern day audience. The attitude towards the portrayal of men and women in "The Winter's Tale" has changed greatly over the years, along with the transmuting status of women. It could easily be argued that the audience in the Middle Ages had many

Review of" Chatman, Jennifer A. and O'Reilly, Charles A. 2004. Asymmetric reactions to work group sex diversity among men and women. Academy of Management Journal, 47 (2): 193-208."

1144 words - 5 pages Though scholars have amassed significant body of research on how sex diversity influences various work processes, it's still unclear. (a.Chatman and A.Oreilly, 2004)How do men and women react when they are in different sex composed work group? What's the explanation of this reaction?The author used the deductive strategy in the research and he adopts a positivist epistemological position, we deduce a pure Quantitative methodology of article

Sport, Aggression, Violence and Victimization

1256 words - 5 pages keeping with the themes of dominance and power, Elias (1986) also suggests that specific groups, such as women, may be the target of social or cultural attitudes that perpetuate myths to justify victimization and, by extension, violence, by drawing on concepts such as Social Darwinism and a belief in a “just world.” Though animal studies have indicated that electrical stimulation to certain parts of an animal’s brain can provoke aggressive behavior

The Evolution of the Concept of Victim

2182 words - 9 pages their victimization. The emergence of the crime victims' rights movement has influenced the field of victimology and the nature of the research. Current research has been helpful in identifying risk factors related to victimization, without blaming victims. The concept of victim dates back to ancient cultures and civilizations, such as the ancient Hebrews. Its original meaning was rooted in the idea of sacrifice or scapegoat -- the

Sellin and Wolfgang’s Typology of Victimization

949 words - 4 pages when an individual or group selects a specific person to target for victimization.” (2) Secondary Victimization “are impersonal targets of the offender.” (3) Tertiary Victimization “involves the public or society as a victim.” (4) Mutual Victimization “refers to when offenders become the victims, as when two people engage in a criminal activity and then one becomes the victim of the other.” (5) No Victimization “this includes situations in

victim

1750 words - 7 pages From the origins of criminal victimization, we begin with blaming the offended. (Silverii). Still what is more baffling is to question whether or not it is one's duty to make sure victims won't be victimized again or if victims of a crime that are unreported should even be considered victims. There are three main issues that are provided through victimology and these are context, connections, and investigative direction (Turvey). Most victims

Sexual Victimization of Women

1271 words - 5 pages According to a statement addressing the sexual victimization of college women The Crime and Victimization in America states that, “ One out of four women will be sexually assaulted on a college campus.” This disturbing fact has not minimized throughout the years, instead it is continuing to worsen throughout college campuses. Sexual assault is not an act to be taken lightly. Society must stop pinpointing the individuals who commit these crimes

Theories of Victimization

1220 words - 5 pages more likely than women to experience aggravated assault and robbery, while women were six times more likely than men to experience rape and sexual assault. (Siegel, pg.86) Moreover, younger people face a greater risk of victimization than the elderly. Victimization declines rapidly after the age of twenty-five. In addition, the least affluent (poor) are more likely to be victims of violent crimes and the most affluent (wealthy) are more likely to

SHELTER FROM THE STORM

1561 words - 6 pages hundreds of thousands of domestic violence crimes are committed, many of which go unreported. According to a National Crime Victimization survey, "over two-thirds of violent victimization against women were by someone known to them"(Bachman, pg.1). Approximately 5% were relatives other than husbands, 35% were aquantences, and nearly 28% were intimates such as husbands or boyfriends. Females experienced more than 10 times as many incidences of violence

Causation of Female Gang Involvement

2475 words - 10 pages members to be able to join the gang. The article “Adolescent Male and Female Gang Members’ Experiences with Violent Victimization, Dating Violence, And Sexual Assault it explains that females from the point of initiation are used mainly as sexual objects (Gover, Jennings, and Tewksbury. 2009. Pg. 105). The male gang members are really only looking at the females as sexual objects and the females believe that they are in love. This causes the women

Sexual Assault

1827 words - 8 pages negative consequences of blame by addressing the shared responsibility for sexual assault prevention by both men and women. The primary goal of all mixed-sex programs is to prevent sexual assault by jointly exposing men and women to psycho-educational programming. There is currently no evidence that changing behavioural attitudes will reduce the incidence of sexual perpetration or sexual victimization. Therefore, current programs have also begun to

Similar Essays

Modern Day Representation Of Racism Of Indigenous Africans And Sexism Of Women In "Heart Of Darkness"

2260 words - 9 pages Essay Question: From a modern context Conrad's representation of Africans in "Heart of Darkness" may be read as racist, while his representation of women in the text may be read as sexist. Write an assessment of Conrad's representation of indigenous Africans and his representation of women from your reading of this novella.Often a modern day reader will perceive the works of an early 20th century author as being sexist and racist. This is

Literary Allusion In Women Of Brewster Place, Linden Hills, And Mama Day

1850 words - 7 pages Literary Allusion in Women of Brewster Place, Linden Hills, and Mama Day       Gloria Naylor has endeavored to overcome the obstacles that accompany being an African-American woman writer.  In her first three novels, The Women of Brewster Place, Linden Hills, and Mama Day, Naylor succeeds not only in blurring the boundary between ethnic writing and classical writing, but she makes it her goal to incorporate the lives of African-Americans

What Would Be The Advantages And Potential Difficulties Of Running Some Reminiscence Sessions With A Group Of Older People At A Day Centre?

1769 words - 7 pages useful to make a list of all the people who will be involved in the group and possible contributes they will bring to the session, (K100 Block 4 video) also include the people who will benefit greatly from the therapy and the people who it may upset. It has been suggested that group meetings for reminiscence intervention should be held at the same time, the same day of the week and in the same place (Hamilton 1992). Hamilton maintains that

Title: Prowess Of Blazejowski. It Elaborates A Woman's Achievement And Success In The Field Of Basketball. It Also Points Out That Stereotypes In Women

619 words - 2 pages president and general manager of the New York Liberty up until now. And lastly, her greatest success ever in her entire life is when she became one of the few women inducted in the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Quite a long title, isn't it? Of course because it's very critical and hard to get one too! The qualifications are very tough and it requires a lot of experience for a very long period of time. The first one is that an athlete