Field Hockey Essay

1749 words - 7 pages

Field hockey can also be referred to as Hockey. It is a team sport wherein a team of players attempts to score goals by pushing, hitting or flicking a ball into the opposing team’s goal using sticks. The term field hockey would only be used in countries where the simple term hockey was used for different forms such as ice hockey, street hockey and etc. Field hockey has myriad international tournaments for genders, male and female, although in some countries such as the US, field hockey is played for the most part by females. Major tournaments for instance, Olympic Games - held every four years, World Hockey Cup (men and women) - held every four years (in between the Olympics,) Hockey Asia Cup - held every two years (in between the Olympics,) Champions Trophy - currently held every year (for the top 6 classified nations,) Sultan Azlan Shah Hockey Tournament - held annually in Malaysia (an invitational tournament,) Champions Challenge - held every two years for teams categorized 7th-12th place globally, the Commonwealth Games, and World Cups for juniors sponsor field hockey. The worldwide governing body is the International Hockey Federation (FIH.) The International Hockey Federation is separated into groups and part of is the Hockey Rules Board which produces the sports proper rules. The International Hockey Federation moreover organizes events for the Hockey World Cup and Women’s Hockey World Cup. Field hockey is packed with players who may be juniors or seniors. Regardless of the sports large number of members, most members don’t play as full-time professionals. Field hockey is known to be the team sport with the third largest number of members worldwide. In areas where winters are vicious, playing sports outdoors is banned. Therefore, sports such as field hockey can be played indoors where the rules differ majorly.
In the early times, hurling was most identical to the sport of field hockey. Games such as these where a curved stick and a ball is used was found throughout history. In Egypt is found 4000-year-old drawings of this sport. Hurling eras to before 1272 BC and there is a representation from 500 BC in Ancient Greece. That was when the game was called "Κερητίζειν" ("kerētízein".) The reason to why it was called what it was is because it was playing with a horn which in Greek language is κέρας and an object that was similar-looking to a ball. Games similar to modern field hockey were also played in Inner Mongolia, China by the Daur people and Europe for the duration of the middle ages. The expression ‘hockey’ was founded in 1363 by Edward III of Europe who said: “Moreover we ordain that you prohibit under penalty of imprisonment all and sundry from such stone, wood and iron throwing; handball, football, or hockey; coursing and cock-fighting, or other such idle games.” In the early 19th century, the game grew due to English public schools where clubs started to first perform it (the first performance was during 1849, in London.)...

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