Oscar Niemeyer caught the eye of many generations of architects; he became known as a key factor in modern architecture. He pushed boundaries, making modern a whole new concept. Oscar Niemeyer was not born with the name he is known by, he shortened his name. He was born
8Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho. He was born on December 15th, 1907
and lived for almost 105 years, but he died ten days before his birthday on december 5th, 2012.
2Niemeyer was born in the city of Rio de Janeiro
and he grew up there. He dropped out of school at age twenty-one and got married to Annita Baldo and they had one child. He then
2pursued his passion in architecture at the National School of Fine Arts
where he graduated with a BA in architecture at age of twenty-seven. After he graduated he worked for his father in his typography house. He then worked for
2the architecture studio of Lucio Casta, Gregori Warchavchik, and Carlos Leao even though they did not pay him
for his work. He worked there as a draftsman, he was later well known for his skill at this. Lucio Casta was the one who brought Niemeyer into the professional market. To get a better sense of how Niemeyer thought of architecture ideas I am going to share a passage from his memoir, “
1I am not attracted to angles or the straight line, hard and inflexible, created by man. I am attracted to the free flowing, sensual curves that I find in the mountains of my country, in the sinuousness of the rivers, in the waves of the ocean, and on the body of the beloved woman. Curves make up the entire universe, the curved universe of einstein.” The four pieces of Oscar Niemeyer
that I'm am going to talk about will clearly illustrate his love for the curved line. The first piece I am going to talk about is one of his earlier works, it is the Church of Saint Francis of Assisi. It is
11also known as the Igreja da Pampulha. It is a church
in the southeastern part of Brazil. It is the first modern monument listed in Brazil after much controversy. Mayor Kubitschek commissioned Niemeyer at age thirty-three in 1940. They were later known as great friends and Kubitschek became the President of Brazil. Niemeyer was hired to design a series of buildings in the area. The church is in organic style and is made up of four parabolas with mosaics painted on the outside in tiles. There was controversy over the church, Niemeyer was inspired by the French poet Paul Claudel and his statement, “A church is Gods hanger on Earth,” but Antonio dos Santos Cabral, the Archbishop of the time, saw it as, “The Devils bomb shelter.” It was completed in 1943 but it was not consecrated until 1959. Cabral did not like the architecture or the mural of St Francis that was painted behind the alter, he said it was, “unfit or religious purposes.” The next Mayer of Pompulha abused the church by put many different styles of monuments and alters inside of it. He did this after his failed attempt at condemning and demolishing the church. The National...