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Film And Novel '1984' Written By George Orwell Analysis. Dominant Ideology, Discources, Character Construction All Discussed.

1441 words - 6 pages

Inside the novel 'Nineteen Eighty-Four', author George Orwell establishes a dominant ideology that, coupled with totalitarian control and complete power, the loss and destruction of people's freedom follows. He established characters in a plot that represents his main discourses of personal rebellion and information control, both of which contributing to create this ideology. He uses techniques such as emotive language and binary oppositions in his attempt to get the reader to involve themselves personally and create an emotional response with the ideas presented in the book. These two major discourses presented together combine to put forward the dominant ideology through the eyes of outer party member, Winston Smith.In Orwell's attempt to encourage the reader to emotionally involve themselves in his story, he presents the discourse of personal rebellion. Through the mind of Winston Smith, a middle aged party worker who is generally unhappy with life, Orwell produces a personality that craves the excitement of rebelling against rules and constantly deliberating on past decisions and what his future holds."Folly, folly, folly! he thought again. It was inconceivable that they could frequent this place for more than a few weeks without being caught. But the temptation of having a hiding-place that was truly their own, indoors and near at hand, had been too much for both of them."(p145)Through reflections such as this Orwell creates a constant feeling of disorientation and helplessness that continues throughout the book, foregrounding the tight hold on freedom and need for Winston to break out from Big Brother's grasp. This feeling puts the reader in a frame of mind where they associate the power of the party and the feeling of confusion and need for release, meaning Ingsoc and its policies associate with the deconstruction of a person's freedom, showing that Orwell has successfully used personal rebellion as a means to put forward his dominant ideology.Orwell then presents the discourse of Information control, primarily through the ideas of Minitrue and the language of Newspeak. Minitrue, Winston's workplace, is the control department that concerns itself with the monitoring, controlling and changing of all forms of literature. Winston's duty is to alter past statistics, statements and articles that could lead to the public questioning, doubting or not believing Big Brother and the policies the party believe in. This control stops people from thinking what they like, a privilege that comes hand in hand with freedom."Day by day and almost minute by minute the past was brought up to date. In this way every prediction made by the Party could be shown by documentary evidence to have been correct, nor was any item of news, or any expression of opinion, which conflicted with the needs of the moment, ever allowed to remain on record. All history was a palimpsest, scraped clean and reinscribed exactly as often as was necessary." (p45)It is in statements...

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