Financialization is a complex process that labels global finance as the dominant force that drives all economic and political bearings. In order to understand this concept and the process of how financialization works, this essay will evaluate and assess how the collapse of the housing market led to the fiancial crisis in 2008. According to Economic Geography a contemporary introduction, financialization “is when all sorts of things are transformed into financial instruments for trading among individuals and firms in the international capital markets. Through financialization, fixed properties such as housing are financialized into structured investment vehicles such as mortgages—back securities that can be easily traded among global investors through a variety of financial institutions” (Coe, Kelly, and Yeung, 2013). Trading mortgages, or shares at the global level proved to be a financial disaster for many involved. Ultimately the collateralized debt obligation market collapsed and thus dragged down the entire global financial market.
In order to understand the concept of financialization and the housing market on the global and local level, one must know that there is a global pool of money that is simply the worlds savings bank. In 2000 the pool had $36 trillion and has since doubled in size (Blumberg 2008). Its most recent profit increase was a result of developing countries and cities such as India, Abu Dhabi, and China making money. This doubled the cash pool available for investments, but left fewer solid investments for the taking. The solution was residential mortgages and the US housing market. The investment managers thought the low-risk high-return investment in the housing market was a good, stable idea. The global pool of money investment managers were hesitant to deal with individuals due to a wary of personal issues such as divorce, loss of employment and medical bills, so the investors needed a middleman to produce the high-return investment and the answer was two words, Wall Street.
The chain of mortgages to shares work in the following pattern. A prospective homeowner receives a loan from a mortgage broker. That loan is sold to another mortgage company, which bundles...