Battle Against Starvation And Malnutrition Essay

1423 words - 6 pages

Throughout human history there has been an ongoing battle against starvation, malnutrition, and the production, accessibility, and availability of enough food for the growing populations. Today many people, families, communities, and even entire countries struggle to maintain an adequate and fulfilling diet. The state of not having enough food for all people in a given family or community is known as food insecurity. To contrast food insecurity, and since malnutrition and hunger are such prominent issues, a condition known as food security is a goal of many initiatives across the globe. However, food security is much more than just enough food for everyone. With that said, what does food security mean? Furthermore, what does food security mean and how does it relate to communities such as the Hutterites in Manitoba, homeless women in the District of Columbia, and the Moso people surrounding Lake Lugu?
Looking at the Cowichan Green Community's (CGC) opinion on the topic, food security is a more encompassing term than just ample healthy food. The CGC, focussing on the Cowichan Valley, see food security as a state where the community is brought together and that the whole population of the community has "access to enough nutritious, safe, ecologically sustainable, and culturally appropriate food." (Cowichan Green Community). Therefore, members of a food secure community are also able to grow and harvest their own food, to stop the reliance on imported and domestic foods. Food security, by this definition, puts tremendous emphasis on local food. Local food means food that the community can "grow, harvest, process, preserve, and distribute [locally]" (CGC). Therefore, with more local food being grown and shared with the community, farms and food resources like water are better protected because there is a heavier reliance on them than outside sources. The community is also brought closer together because buyers would meet the farmers, and vice versa, face to face, unlike buying food from a supermarket. With food security comes a better connectedness between the consumers, producers, and the environment, and allows the whole community to be, as a whole, more self-sufficient.
From this thorough definition of food security, it is not hard to see that is a difficult state to achieve within any community. Food security, evidently, takes extreme "cooperation and communication" between all members of the community (CGC). A prime example of this discipline and effort is evidenced in Mary-Ann Kirkby's, I Am Hutterite. The Hutterite colonies mentioned are all food secure, providing enough food for themselves through gardening, agriculture, raising livestock, selling surplus for a profit, and with that income being able to buy outside food sources such as candy and the watermelons. Mary-Ann states that "[on] the colony, a family had no worries about food" (Kirkby 131). Not only do they not have to worry about food, but the colony is brought together through...

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