George A. Romero is a director that is well known for his famous zombie movies; Night of the Living Dead (1968) and Dawn of the Dead (1978). Even though they were made years apart from each other they both still share more than just the fear of a zombie apocalypse. During the times of the makings of both movies America was in the middle of the second red scare and the Cold War. George A. Orwell’s works reflect these conflicts and peoples fears of communism in his movies.
The second Red Scare arose in the 1940’s after the Second World War when the Cold War between the US and the Soviet Union intensified. There was a rise in hysteria over the threat that was posed by communists (Red Scare). The spread of communism in Eastern Europe by Stalin and the Soviet Union, China by Mao Zedong, and Korea made people fearful that it would infiltrate America as well (The Cold War: Red Scare). Due to this heightened fear President Truman issued Executive Order 9835, which authorized the attorney general of the United States to list Fascist, Communist, or Subversive organizations and made membership or sympathetic association with such organizations grounds for dismissal (Red Scare-Again):
EXECUTIVE ORDER 9835
PRESCRIBING PROCEDURES FOR THE ADMINISTRATION OF AN EMPLOYEES LOYALTY PROGRAM IN THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH OF THE GOVERNMENT
WHEREAS each employee of the Government of the United States is endowed with a measure of trusteeship over the democratic processes which are at the heart and sinew of the United States; and
WHEREAS it is of vital importance that persons employed in the Federal service be of complete and unswerving loyalty to the United States; and
WHEREAS, although the loyalty of by far the overwhelming majority of all Government employees is beyond question, the presence within the Government service of any disloyal or subversive person constitutes a threat to our democratic processes; and
WHEREAS maximum protection must be afforded the United States against infiltration of disloyal persons into the ranks of its employees, and equal protection from unfounded accusations of disloyalty must be afforded the loyal employees of the Government:
NOW, THEREFORE, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and statues of the United States, including the Civil Service Act of 1883 (22 Stat. 403), as amended, and section 9A of the act approved August 2, 1939 (18 U. S. C. 61i), and as President and Chief Executive of the Untied States, it is hereby, in the interest of the internal management of the Government, ordered as follows:
Part I - INVESTIGATION OF APPLICANTS………
PART II - INVESTIGATION OF EMPLOYEES…….
PARTY III - RESPONSIBILITIES OF CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION…….
PART IV - SECURITY MEASURES IN INVESTIGATIONS……
PART V – STANDARDS……
PART VI – MISCELLANEOUS…….
HARRY S. TRUMAN
THE WHITE HOUSE,
March 21, 1947
13 CFR Cum. Supp.
(Note: Descriptions of the sections have been removed to shorten the primary source, the removed sections...