Correlation Between Cancer And Latinos Essay

2050 words - 9 pages

Literature Review
Null hypothesis: There exists no correlation between receiving a diagnosis of cancer and being either Hispanic or Latino. Alternative hypothesis: There exists a correlation between having a cancer diagnosis and being either Hispanic or Latino. Dependent variable: cancer diagnosis. Independent variable: Hispanic or Latino. My hypothesis seeks to establish that there is no direct correlation between being Hispanic/Latino and receiving a cancer diagnosis. I believe that it is not a direct causation of being Hispanic/Latino that leads individuals to developing cancer. There must be other factors that influence the development of cancer in Hispanic/Latino communities when compared to other groups. An article in the Texas Public Health Journal concurs with the fact that Hispanics are at an “elevated risk for cancer” (2013). According to this article the increased diagnoses among Hispanics and Latinos in Texas has more to do with low education, poverty and lack of health insurance. Inclusively, it specifies that liver and stomach cancer has the highest rates among Hispanic men and women while cancer of the cervix was near 50% higher in women (2013). Relating back to poverty is the idea that with poverty there is limited resources to proper health care. Cancer screenings are part of proper health care- the more an individual is unable to access this resource, the higher the probability of developing cancer and late detection. In relation to cancer risks in Latinos/Hispanics a different article states that “it [cancer] is the leading cause of death overall in Latinos and breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death among Latinas” (Ramirez et al, 2014). The article states that a possible reason as to why there are such high mortality rates among Latinas is due to late diagnosis and treatment. Ramirez et al credit this to socioeconomic and cultural factors. As part of the largest minority group the psychosocial, linguistic, and other barriers result in wide gaps in access to health care and quality of life. This appears to support the idea of there being no direct correlation between simply being of Hispanic/Latino descent and a cancer diagnosis. There are many other factors to consider when attempting to create a connection between the two. In relation to Hispanic women and cancer, Jimenez et al find that Hispanic women are least likely to “undergo routine screenings for breast, cervical and colorectal cancers”(2011) much like previous research mentioned this often results in a poor prognosis and increased risk of mortality. They state that most prevention and intervention services are implemented in English. This is an immediate barrier to those within the Hispanic/Latino community that do not speak the language. Within their study on average the age was 36.6 years old with the majority having a gross annual family income of less than $20,000. In addition to this 27.5% were unemployed (Jimenez et al, 2011). When their...

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