Final Project: Unesco Paper

1996 words - 8 pages

World Religions ReportWorld Religions ReportJudaism and its comparison to Christianity is the subject of this world religion report. Judaism and Christianity can be described as communities as well as religions. Each community has its own set of beliefs, ideology, history, and traditions. The ideology of each is embedded in their history. This paper will explore Judaism's basic beliefs, a brief history, a description of most well known holy days, methods and locations of worship, and the life of a Jewish person. Then it will explore the differences and similarities between Judaism with Christianity. This is to create a better understanding of Judaism and its similarities and differences from Christianity.The central belief of Judaism is that there is one God for all humanity. The ancient Jews were the first to develop this concept, which is called monotheism. The Jews believe that there is only one God. They believe that God has no physical form and that God is neither male nor female. In Judaism it is believed that God is Omnipresent, Omnipotent, and Omniscient which means God is everywhere all the time, he can do anything and he knows everything. God is believed to be just and merciful. (Rich 2006)Jews believe that Judaism began 4,000 years ago when God made a covenant, or agreement, with Abraham. God agreed to protect Abraham and this people and bring them into the land of their own. Today there are about eighteen million Jews in the world, many of whom live in the U.S. The traditional Jewish homeland, Israel, was made and independent nation in 1948. Abraham's covenant with God is described in the Torah. The first five books of the Hebrew bible. Christians call the Hebrew Bible the Old Testament (Rich 2006). The Torah tells the story of the early Jews and establishes rules for how Jews should live. The most famous of these rules are the Ten Commandments. Jews believe that Moses, a Jewish religious leader who lived during the 12th century B.C. received the Ten Commandments and the rest of the Torah, directly from God. Throughout their history, Jews have endured persecution. In 586 B.C. the Jewish temple in Jerusalem was destroyed by the Babylonians, and many Jews were exiled from their homeland. During the Middle Ages and Renaissance, European Jews faced anti-Semitism- prejudice against people of the Jewish faith- from predominantly Christian European population. And during World War II, more than six million Jews were murdered by Adolf Hitler and the Nazis in the Holocaust. (Rich 2006)There are several forms of Judaism, the five main forms of Judaism are; Conservative, Orthodox, and Reform Judaism. The oldest of these is Orthodox Judaism. Orthodox Jews follow Judaism as closely as possible to what they believe the original form of it to be. They believe that everything written in the Torah was inspired by God (Robinson, 2007). Orthodox Jewish men always cover their heads by wearing a skullcap known in Hebrew as a kippah or in Yiddish as a...

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