A couple walks into a clinic, worrying about their unconceived child. The woman has diabetes and doesn’t want her baby to suffer their whole life with it or any other disease. With the help of genetic engineering, scientists are able to screen day-old embryos for diseases and disorders. Screening embryos can help evade the grasp of many life-threatening diseases, but could also annihilate human diversity. This field is a major source of unknown possibilities that cause fear and concern in the general public; therefore there must be education and restrictions to lessen the fear and bring the crisis to an end.
Through a mist of unknown possibility, genetic engineering more or less began in ...view middle of the document...
These problematic events prove that there must be more restriction or at least more information on the risks that genetic engineering causes.
Scientists have coincidentally modified organisms in the order that they appear in food chains, meaning that they started with microorganisms. Scientists’ first “guinea pigs” for genetic customization were microorganisms. To do this, scientists would have to tamper with the organism’s genetic code. The result of this would be towards a goal that would inevitably force the microorganism to be beneficial to the human race. Britannica School explains that microbes are able to create vaccines and insulin, become cancer eradication tools, transform into cheese curers, as well as many other helpful tools (“Genetically Modified Organism”). More familiar applications of these microorganisms are cleaning up oil spills, creating biodegradable plastics, and increasing the yield of certain biofuels. Although there are benefits to converting some microorganisms, it is important to realize that every great discovery comes at a price.
Though there have been many helpful tools developed as the product of transplanting genetics, there are many daunting dangers that are constantly ignored. Britannica School also indicates that from modifying their genetics, there is a large risk of creating microorganisms that could resist antibiotics, vaccines, and cause disease (“Genetic Engineering”). This could create a “super-bug” like shown on the silver screening of “Outbreak” directed by Wolfgang Petersen. In an article written by the scholarly Michael W. Fox, senior scholar of Bioethics, he explains that tampering with genetics could also imbalance the delicate ecosystems that have been thriving for thousands of years. If those ecosystems are meddled with, this could create ecological collapse. With this information, it shows that there needs to be more information for the general public to understand what scientists are doing; it also proves that restrictions are going to be necessary to keep this field in check and keep things ethical and safe.
Obvious proof that genetic engineering envelops the average person is the multitudinous amount of GM plants that have been refined. Allard, an expert in plant breeding, explains that humanity has been breeding plants to produce favorable traits for thousands of years (“Breed”). Only until the late 1970’s to the early 1980’s had that begun to change. Now, the popular idea is completely re-engineer the plant’s genetic code to serve the human populous. A problem with this “breakthrough” is that there is no real proof that there are not harmful, long-term effects caused by eating altered products. Reported by Margie Kelly of The Huffington Post, this could be a major problem because eighty-eight percent of all corn in the United States is GM and ninety percent of soy is GM (“Top 7 Genetically”). There is major worry in the general public about whether eating GMOs are safe.