Finding The Core Of Moderate Muslims In Mushirul Hasan's Legacy Of A Divided Nation

3276 words - 14 pages

Mushirul Hasan wrote Legacy of a Divided Nation: India’s Muslims Since Independence in the aftermath of the devastating destruction of the Babri Mosque in Ayodhya by the Indian government, on the grounds that it covered an earlier Jain temple. This removal of a sacred site important to Muslims as both a religious place and a historical treasure dedicated to the Emperor Babur sparked riots that eventually involved 150,000 people and killed more than 100. This was yet another low point in Hindu-Muslim relations, part of a pattern of fractured identity politics encouraged by India’s colonial rulers, then exploded in the murderous chaos after partition in 1947, in a string of riots in the 1960s which eclipsed local police and military ability to control them and for Hasan’s purposes, climaxing in the orgy of violence around loss of the mosque.
However, rather than seeing this pessimistically, Hasan analyzed the larger sweep of India’s history, and looked beyond the sectarian politicians to find a core of moderate Muslims who chose to stay in India rather than move to Pakistan, and who, while they might be very religious, see the maintenance of India as an egalitarian, socialist, secular state to be the best guarantee of freedom to practice their faith. This paper examines the reasons Hasan truly believes that this crucial population can support a less violent, more secular India, and ways in which policies based on those ideas have play out since 1993, especially in the wake of 9/11, the long intervention of the US in Pakistan and Afghanistan, and the 2008 Mumbai Hotel attacks by Muslim extremists tied to Pakistan.
Deeper Indian history is important to understanding how recent the horrific animosity has been. Islam entered India beginning in the 1300s, along with the Mughals, who established an imperial presence in Delhi and ruled over a multi-ethnic and multi-religious realm of millions of people. While things were not always perfectly peaceful, great Mughal rulers like Babur (of the mosque) and Akbar insisted on toleration of all religious faiths. Akbar in particular scattered Mughal Muslim officials across India in the interest of better, impartial government bureaucracy, creating a patchwork of Muslim villages among the Hindu ones, as well as cities where the two religions lived side by side and intermarried. This official support aided a process of syncretism that was happening as people merged some aspects of their religious practice. While never abandoning their core religious beliefs, people absorbed ideas from their neighbors, with many Hindus, for example, adopting veneration of the martyr Hasan, the grandson of Muhammad who was murdered at Karbala, as a worthy and courageous person.
Additionally, because Islam has no overall central authority, as Catholicism has the pope, the “Little Tradition,” or the specifics of how the faith is practiced in everyday life, developed with wide differences around the...

Find Another Essay On Finding the Core of Moderate Muslims in Mushirul Hasan's Legacy of a Divided Nation

The Shaping Of A Nation Essay

1154 words - 5 pages culprit who is going to the place of his execution, so unwilling am I, in the evening of a life nearly consumed in public cares, to quit a peaceful abode for an ocean of difficulties, without that competency of political skill, abilities and inclination which is necessary to manage the helm. He was adored by the new nation, inspired by his want for unity (“Washington“). His administration was dead-set on shining a light on

The survival of a nation Essay

666 words - 3 pages Humans often make goals to reach an exhilarated state. When a goal becomes too hard to obtain and when too many people fail to reach this goal, society digresses. The American Dream is the national ethos of the United States that was created in 1931. It is a set of principles in which prosperity and success can be achieved through hard work and the right ethics. However, over the years, the “car has stopped.” This so-called “dream” is running

A Father of the Nation

1444 words - 6 pages be stopped where it was, but it was not his ultimate goal to remove it from the nation. He needed the support of all in the Republican Party to gain candidacy, and calling for a full scale removal of slavery was not the route to go. Later on his speech continued to beg for the unification of the nation. He asked that the Northerners to not submit to the demands of the South, at the same time he asked the Southerners to realize that they were

The Defining of a Nation

908 words - 4 pages the beginning, to succeed.Another important aspect in defining America is the government under which it has operated for the last two-hundred years. Compared to the history of the world; however, our government is still an infant. Despite this, the representative democracy, under which this nation operates, has been a model government for newly formed governments around the world. This may be due to the fact that we have become one of the most

The Core of a Man’s Grief

865 words - 3 pages Anton Chekhov “Misery” focuses on the misery of a man, Iona. Chekhov uses dialogue and events to displays Iona’s loneliness, delusion, and grief displacement, to define his different forms of misery. Iona Potapov, the character of “Misery,” is a cab driver in St. Petersburg whose only son has died the week before. Iona’s loss of his son is not the root of his pain, it’s the fact that he can’t properly grieve. Iona’s misery comes from him

A Legacy of Love

752 words - 4 pages , feeding the hungry, caring for the sick, and loving the unwanted. Moving to India to live among the poorest of the poor, Mother Teresa showed a selfless love that the world continues to marvel. Her remarkable legacy continues to inspire the world in Christian love. Works Cited Muggeridge, M. Something Beautiful for God. New York, NY: Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc. 1971. “Who was Blessed Mother Teresa?.” < http://www.americancatholic.org/Features/Teresa/WhoWasTeresa.aspx >

The Divided People of Ireland

3023 words - 12 pages The Divided People of Ireland Ireland is a country with two very different peoples living there, Nationalists (or Catholics) and Unionists (or Protestants). There are many differences between the beliefs of the Nationalists and the Unionists. The main one being that Nationalists want a united Ireland and see themselves as Irish whereas Unionists want to

The Possiblity of Muslims Following Their Religion Faithfully in Britain

1366 words - 5 pages The Possiblity of Muslims Following Their Religion Faithfully in Britain I believe that it is possible for Muslims to follow their religion faithfully in Britain but it would be difficult. Firstly I do believe that problems will occur with Muslims living in Britain however since there are more Muslims living here over time I cannot see how living in Britain should be a barrier to their faith. Since the Race

A Divided Self: The Many Facets of Faustus

2646 words - 11 pages presence of this particular binary relationship is unique in the sense that while these traditional depictions of good and evil were intended by Marlowe to be physical beings that appeared to Faust in moments in which he was lacking guidance, they also serve the purpose of representing the divided will as well that exists within his own psyche. While illustrating the division that exists within him as a character Marlowe is also commenting on

The Legacy of Apartheid in South Africa

1620 words - 6 pages The strength of a nation is not established by the force of its military, economic standing, or government, but rather how its citizens are regarded. In order to attain strength, a nation must respect the principle of solidarity; the power of one voice. For without a defined sense of unity, a society is likely to crumble. Unfortunately, as seen throughout history, civilization has often made it their mission to seek out the differences in one

The Legacy of Imperialism in Southeast Asia

1062 words - 4 pages The Legacy of Imperialism in Southeast Asia Imagine a tropical island paradise isolated from external influence or interference, with limited localized conflicts. Then a fleet of dark ships sail up to the golden beaches and land. These ships are filled with Europeans, who wish to take over this land for its strategic location and the plentiful natural resources that exist on the majestic lands of Southeast Asia. This straightforward scene

Similar Essays

Article Review A House And Senate Divided: The Clinton Legacy And Congressional Elections Of 2000

583 words - 2 pages Article ReviewA House and Senate Divided:The Clinton Legacy and Congressional Elections of 2000 This particular article discussed the party divisions in the House of Representatives and the Senate directly following the Clinton presidency and the election of President George W. Bush. The author delves into the possible reasoning and probable causes of this split. It is also examined how the different regions and different types of

A Nation Divided Essay

1107 words - 5 pages Does gay marriage threaten the American way of life? Americans are divided on the issue of gay marriage by half saying that having it banned is unconstitutional, or the other half stating that it’s a mockery of heterosexual marriage. The controversy over gay marriage is decided on by the people based on whether they believe in fundamental rights or homophobic prejudice, which unfortunately leaves America divided as long as politicians use this

The Force Of A Legacy Essay

837 words - 4 pages . From the yard stroll to the community work, the blood, sweat, tears and love of these men and woman is an inspiration to all. With their kind words, love and influential knowledge which have brought out the best out of me. I can gladly say their love and support has saved my life in many ways. High wasn’t an easy place to live in especially for a young girl like myself. Trouble for me was not another word I could spell. It was nonetheless the

Norther Ireland: A Nation Divided Essay

2360 words - 10 pages Northern Ireland: A Nation Divided Violence, terror, suffering and death. The conflict that has been burning in Northern Ireland seems to be an unstoppable battle and it has flooded over the land of Northern Ireland. The struggle for power and the persistence of greed have fueled the raging fires of the opposing groups. The conflict in Northern Ireland has been discussed continually over the past few decades. Ever since the beginning of the