Fire Alarm Essay

1853 words - 7 pages

Fire alarm system From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2008) A fire alarm notification appliance (Wheelock MT-24-LSM) with a strobe light A fire alarm system is a set of electric/electronic devices/equipment working together to detect and alert people through visual and audio appliances when smoke/fire is present. These alarms may be activated from smoke detectors, heat detectors, water flow sensors, which are automatic or from a manual fire alarm pull station. Contents [hide] 1 Design 2 Parts 3 Initiating devices 4 Notification appliances 5 Emergency voice alarm communication systems 6 Mass notification systems/emergency communication systems 7 Building safety interfaces 8 UK fire alarm system categories 9 Zoning 10 See also 11 References 12 External links Design[edit] After the fire protection goals are established - usually by referencing the minimum levels of protection mandated by the appropriate model building code, insurance agencies, and other authorities - the fire alarm designer undertakes to detail specific components, arrangements, and interfaces necessary to accomplish these goals. Equipment specifically manufactured for these purposes are selected and standardized installation methods are anticipated during the design. In the United States, NFPA 72, The National Fire Alarm Code is an established and widely used installation standard. EN 54 is mandatory standard in the European Union for Fire detection and fire alarm systems. Every product for fire alarm systems must have a CE mark with an EN 54 standard to be delivered and installed in any country of the EU. It is a standard widely used around the world.[1] Parts[edit] A Honeywell DeltaNet FS90 fire alarm control panel Fire alarm control panel (FACP) AKA fire alarm control unit (FACU); This component, the hub of the system, monitors inputs and system integrity, controls outputs and relays information. Primary power supply:Commonly the non-switched 120 or 240 Volt Alternating Current source supplied from a commercial power utility. In non-residential applications, a branch circuit is dedicated to the fire alarm system and its constituents. "Dedicated branch circuits" should not be confused with "Individual branch circuits" which supply energy to a single appliance. Secondary (backup) power supplies: This component, commonly consisting of sealed lead-acid storage batteries or other emergency sources including generators, is used to supply energy in the event of a primary power failure. Initiating devices: This component acts as an input to the fire alarm control unit and are either manually or automatically actuated. Examples would be devices pull stations, heat detectors, or smoke detectors. Heat and smoke detectors have different categories of both kinds. Some categories are beam,...

Find Another Essay On fire alarm

The Chicago Fire Of 1871 Essay

511 words - 2 pages an alarm but the alarm failed to work. The court house watchman had given wrong directions but later tried to correct his mistake, but the alarm operator was eating dinner so she refused to correct the mistake. The fire engines went about 1 mile south of where the fire was. By the time the problem was resolved ,a number of hose carts and fire engines were fighting to keep this fire under control, but the wind had spread bits of buring debris

Fire Safety Essay

1008 words - 4 pages Fire Safety Essay      After a recent fire at Seton Hall University in South Orange, NJ killed three students who did not respond to what they thought was a false alarm, officials at Oswego State University are being especially careful when it comes to the issue of fire safety. This semester there is a new policy regarding the confiscation of items considered being hazardous. The policy states that any items that are

gyyf

1522 words - 7 pages vulnerable. Nevertheless, some burglars have ample knowledge to enable manipulate the alarm system and silence it. In such situations, any access point that makes it easy for a burglar to snatch valuables makes a house vulnerable to burglars. Hence, to minimize such incidences measures should be taken to seal every possible access point should be sealed without compromising the possibility of getting away incase a fire occurs. For example, most

How do deaf people use telephones? What about doorbells and alarm clocks?

964 words - 4 pages approaches, or loud noise sounds, such as a fire truck. Wearers are provided a sense of security without having to constantly turn around. Fire safety is also an area that the deaf must give special care and attention too. While hearing people can simply use an audible alarm many members of the deaf community need to install store smoke alarms to alert them of fire danger- more recently a new smoke alarm came on to the market, this alarm releases a

The Chicago Fire of 1871

552 words - 2 pages directions but latertried to correct his mistake, but the alarm operator was eating dinner so she refused tocorrect the mistake. The fire engines went about 1 mile south of where the fire was. Bythe time the problem was resolved ,a number of hose carts and fire engines were fightingto keep this fire under control, but the wind had spread bits of buring debris. Severalhomes, one block north, had caught on fire. The flames were so intense that one

A Crisis That Saved Lives

909 words - 4 pages spread throughout the floors above the fire, asphyxiating guests by means carbon monoxide poisoning. Having a smoke alarm would have warned people at an early stage of the fire, potentially saving lives. Along with not having an alarm system, the hotel lacked a fire-suppression system that would have been the victims’ first line of defense. If the hotel had possessed a suppression system, the fire may have been extinguished at the incipient stage

Strategic Plan to Reduce the Number of Fires in Lancashire

2481 words - 10 pages -June 2009. The report analyzed those deaths cause by fire by considering a few possible factors such as:•Cause of fire•Age of victim•Source of ignition•Property type•Smoke alarm ownership•Time of day•Local Authority area.The report gave a well organized over view of the position of deaths caused by fire. This may help the Lancashire Fire and Rescue Service to plan a good Community Fire Safety initiatives which will

Hot Time in Old Town Tonight- The Story of the Great Chicago Fire during the 1800's

1951 words - 8 pages the best in the nation with a fire alarm system. In each neighborhood there was a firehouse with a watchman, who would signal the firehouse if there were any flames or smoke in the immediate neighborhood. Another watchman, watched the entire city from the courthouse cupola one hundred feet high. That watchman would signal the firehouse nearest to the fire, and ring the courthouse bell. At night, the Insurance Patrol, comprised of volunteer

Thomas Edison The wizard of Light

637 words - 3 pages tried to modify them to be used in WWI. Edison worked on submarine detectors and brand new gun loading techniques. According to (“Thomas Edison and Electricity by Steve Parker 13”) Thomas Edison patented his version of the telephone in 1876. (“bio.com”) Another of Thomas Edisons inventions the fire alarm has saved countless lives to date. I think that Thomas Alva Edison should be elected into the History Hall of Fame for several reasons. The

Fire Extinguishers.

666 words - 3 pages wrong; & if you don't know how to use your fire extinguisher! Use the method RACE R: rescue A: activate the alarm C: confine or contain the fire E: extinguish the fire. Before you begin to fight a fire, make sure that everyone has left, or is leaving the building, that the fire department has been called, the fire is confined to a small area & you have an unobstructed escape route to which the fire will not spread. It is reckless to fight

Our Lady of Angels: Tragedy in Chicago

1198 words - 5 pages result in the collapse of the roof in the later stages of the fire. Around 15 minuets later a window near the fire will shatter and will provide a great deal of oxygen for the fire to feed from at this time the heat in the hallway increases tremendously however, the smoke in the hall remains unnoticed by all staff and students. Around 1445 the first Chicago Fire Department (CFD) units arrive on scene and the first fire alarm since the beginning

Similar Essays

The Fire Alarm Went Off: A Case Study In Organization

1188 words - 5 pages At 21: 32 fire alarm in house went off. I immediately checked the fire panel which was showing an alarm in switch room. Duty supervisor were phoned immediately and staff working on 1st floor were asked to evacuate the building..no visible sign of fire or smoke found. Entrance to the building was secured. Fire brigade arrived on site 21:39 PM and silenced the alarm. Mean while The supervisor and Mobile driver also arrived on site. Fire

Overvie Of Core Methodology Essay

1509 words - 6 pages , 1998). Guards Viewpoint Source Input Action Output Destination FASAM Message Displayed ‘Fire Detected in a Zone [ ]’ FASAM Guard Confirm Fire False alarm Fire confirmed False alarm confirmed Sound the alarm Alarm is disengage Alarms Alarms The Fire Alarm System Viewpoint Source Input Action Output Destination FASAM Presence of a fire detected Notify manned control area Message Displayed ‘Fire Detected in a Zone [ ]’ Control Area Guard

Burnam Hall Human Behavior In Fire Case Study

2375 words - 10 pages building has four computers that are located in the lobby area of the first floor. The building occupied with one kitchenette and one main laundry room which located in the basement. Alongside with two TV lounges one in the lobby and one in the basement. Safety equipment The building is equipped with a fire separation system (sprinkler system), a smoke detection system, and a fire alarm system. These systems are capable of being perceived above the

The Great Fire Essay

861 words - 4 pages couple month old son crying in his crib room. When he went there and finally finished settling down his son he saw the fire that started to catch in his backyard. He hurried to his room and woke his wife and told her to take care of their son. Then he ran to Goll’s Drugstore. When he tried to turn in a fire alarm Goll wouldn’t let him. He lied and told William a truck had already passed. William ran back to his house and got his family out just in