This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Fire Protection Essay

1700 words - 7 pages

IntroductionIn this essay I will explain what measures have been taken in order to protect buildings from structural failure due to fires, in terms of fire retardant materials. I will explain how these materials chemically work and the reason for their use and where applied. The purpose of this essay is to discuss how these materials can prevent deaths or injuries. However it should be noted that only the main methods of fire protection will be mentioned, as this essay is not meant to be exhaustive. I should also point out that these methods do not singly stop a fire, and that most retardant materials need to work together in order to slow down the spreading of a fire throughout a building.Fire SafetyEach year about 800 people die and a further 9000 are injured as a cause of fire related activities in the UK. Fatal fires conclude that the design of the building plays a vital part in determining the catastrophe of a fire. Building regulations are mainly concerned with controlling the spread of a fire to ensure the safety of those in the building and their safe escape in a period of time. In order to ensure this, materials of the components used in a building need to be taken into consideration.Regulations prohibit the use of materials that encourage spread of flame across their surfaces when subject to intense heat. There are 2 main ways of combating fires;*Passive measures - contain the fire and prevent structural collapse - e.g. fire resisting floors and walls*Active measures - control the fire itself and / or facilitate the evacuation of occupants e.g. sprinklers, smoke control fans.Passive measures are the foundation of fire safety design, essentially fire resistant materials such as concrete are vital. Thus this essay will focus more on passive measures, and materials used on site.Fire Resistant MaterialsCement, steel, bricks and even stone will distort or change physically in some way due to their chemical properties when temperatures are high enough. The object of flame resisting is to reduce the possible start of a fire or flame from spreading and becoming an inferno. Fires spread due to the flames and heat from burning material, igniting other flammable materials.All products today are intended to hinder flame in fabrics, wood, etc, and are intended to set up a thermal barrier to reduce fire spreading and essentially allow some additional time for humans to escape burning buildings.- TimberWood for example is a combustible material used on most sites and when it burns, a layer of char is created which helps to protect the wood and maintain the strength and structural integrity of the wood. This is the reason why a heavy timber system can be left exposed and still achieve a fire-resistance rating of up to 90 minutes. However not all wood types have the same characteristics and so they do need some form of fire protection. Pressure impregnation is often used as a fire retardant treatment of timber.The impregnation process can be divided to...

Find Another Essay On Fire Protection

Legal Aspects of Fire Protection Unit II Research Paper

751 words - 4 pages profound effects on all occupations within the United States, including the fire service. It is likely that the OSHA regulation that impacts the fire service the greatest, was not intended to have such as significant impact on the finances and resources of the fire service. The “Respiratory Protection Standard, cfr 1910.134 was published in the Federal Register on January 8, 1998, with an effective date of October 5, 1998” (Dalbey, 1999, para. 1

Legal Aspects of Fire Protection Unit III Research Paper

991 words - 4 pages , even with proof of negligence and manslaughter, however in the years that followed many new workers protection laws would be implemented in reference to the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire. In December of 1911, the public and victims’ families were undoubtedly outraged by the decision, however laws were not in place as are today that protect workers from hazards. OSHA was not created until 1970, however “the Triangle fire catalyzed reforms in New York

Legal Aspects of Fire Protection Final Research Paper

1422 words - 6 pages -aid-agreements-public-assistance). Fire department members must remember that the reduction of liability is both, a protection of public funds and an ethical duty of the fire service. A second legal issue that commonly occurs within the workplace, including the fire service, is the issue of employee medical leave. Medical leave is regulated by federal and in some cases state laws, which provide a predetermined amount of leave to an employee for

The Departmen Of Forestry And Fire Protection - FS5- Intro To Fire Protection And Emergency Services - Term Paper

707 words - 3 pages THE DEPARTMANT OF FORESTRY AND FIRE PROTECTION 1 THE DEPARTMENT OF FORESTRY AND FIRE PROTECTION 2 The Department Of Forestry And Fire Protection Sebastian Bueno Lassen Community College FS-5 Introduction To Fire Protection And Emergency Services December 1st, 2017 The Department Of Forestry And Fire Protection In 1885 during a national debate over merits of having a Federal forest reserve system, the California State Legislature established a

Legal Aspects of Fire Protection

1065 words - 4 pages A firefighter responding to an incident in his or her personal owned vehicle must use the same due regard towards the public that he or she would if responding in a municipality owned vehicle. The lack of due regard resulted in a fatal vehicle accident on July 16, 2010, when “Firefighter Timothy Johnson of the Portage Ohio Fire District” collided with a vehicle driven by Olivia Duty, which resulted in the death of her boyfriend, Ian Huffman

Legal Aspects of Fire Protection Unit I Research Paper

785 words - 4 pages The use of social media within the fire service is a controversial civil issue in which parties on both sides may feel as though his or her rights have been violated. Many fire and emergency services organizations, nationwide have established policies that prohibit and/or restrict the use of social media by employees, due to the growing problems associated with its use. Social networking is a relatively new issue to the legal system with

Fire Arms on Campus: Ban for Less Violence, or Legalize in Sense of Protection?

2190 words - 9 pages single day, and the gun and ammunition laws are just too simple to bypass. When they are bypassed, and a shooting does happen, there is a better chance that the assailant will be brought down. Villahermosa argued that staff and students shouldn’t be allowed to carry because of lack of experience. Back to the argument earlier, anyone who is willing to have protection should get the chance to have it when tested periodically. That means having

Fire Protective System

788 words - 4 pages Fire outbreak is not uncommon, and can leave anyone in a vulnerable situation. If proper care and preventive measures are not taken to eliminate or minimize spreading of fire, even a minor fire eruption can be devastating. Mitigating the redundant effects of potentially destructive fires involve a lot of thoughtfulness as in what kind of fire protection system products/systems should be used. Along with fire protective products, fire suppression

Firefighting

1129 words - 5 pages Department (Hopke 242). Fire fighters seldom get fired or layed off. This is because fire protection is so important."Even when budget cuts do occur, local fire departments usually cut expenses by postponing equipment purchases or not hiring new fire fighters, rather than by laying off staff" (Jist 279) The competition for these jobs is tough because so many apply, but even so the employment is good.The working conditions for fire fighting are

Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Seminar and Drill

708 words - 3 pages Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Seminar and DrillThe endeavour of the Bureau of Fire protection is to spread the knowledge of fire prevention and fire protection. The bureau had been conducting seminars and drills to various communities to train the public on how to prevent fire disasters and what to do in case when the unfortunate event happens. Accordingly, the bureau was so eager when the chemical engineering students invited them to

History of Firefighting: Historic Influence and Transgression

722 words - 3 pages . Oklahoma City: Fire Protection Publications Oklahoma State University, 2010. 9-11. Print. Fire Protection Handbook. 20thth ed. N.p.: National Fire Protection Association, 2008. N. pag. Web. 5 Feb. 2014. . NAED. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. http://www.emergencydispatch.org/. Web. 5 Feb. 2014. .

Similar Essays

Fire Protection Review Plan

1035 words - 4 pages Fire Protection Review Plan Fire protection plan can be defined as a process in which people within a society use all means and methods available to prevent fire outbreak, and avoid damage and challenges that the fire can cause. There are many causes of fire breakouts including electricity, gases, and cigarette sources, among others. For the firefighting process to be effective, firefighting equipments should be given to the community members

Protection Against Fire Essay

2614 words - 11 pages possible runaway reaction in order to select the most appropriate basis of safety. b) Protection Against Flammable Hazards Materials or substances that can be ignited and burn easily are considered as flammable. Flammable hazards can arise in presence of all three elements of the ‘fire triangle’; heat, fuel, and oxygen. All three elements must be present in the right amounts to cause fire hazard and removing one of the element may

Residential Wilderness Fire Protection Essay

849 words - 4 pages . The threat is depositories restricting financial support and economy, which affects property values (Snowmass-Wildcat Fire Protection District, 2011-2016). The process defines the strategy to increase profits and provide opportunity to guard against competitors. Features The approach is to reduce fatalities and minimize economic losses caused by brush and woodland fires (Dunn, 2007). A segment worth pursuing is the geographic location of

Fire Protection Needs Protection Of The Law

1505 words - 6 pages Fire Protection needs Protection of the Law In 1864 Major Stewart Harrison, an English Engineer, gave to the world the first Automatic Sprinkler Head, his design was also in fact superior to many that followed it. But, as so often happens, it was not Mr. Harrison who gave the automatic sprinkler a practical