First Beings Essay

1072 words - 4 pages

In Hesiod’s Theogony, the story of “First Beings” (Theog. 116-138) told by Hesiod himself provided a fundamental to understanding of the Greek conception of the early history of the universe. Hesiod illustrated that the creation of the universe and all life started with the four primal beings, Chaos, Gaia, Tartarus, and Eros. Throughout the passage, several lines provided an explanation on how the universe was first created, and how life first started. The passage chosen illustrates the importance of the four primal beings, and each playing a significant role of the creation of life. Throughout this essay, it will discuss, the four primal beings contribution to the early creation of the universe, Gaia’s contribution to the creation of life, such as her parthenogenesis creation and later leading to procreation, and Chaos’s input of early creation of life as well.

The Greek’s conception of the creation of the universe started with the four primal beings. “First of all Chasm came into beings; but next wide-breasted Earth… and dim Tartarus … and Eros…” (Theog. 116-120). Chasm or also known as Chaos was perceived as a female parthenogenesis being, and represented unformed matter, an empty infinite space (Nelson, 26, 18) that surrounded Earth. The passage then introduces Earth or also known as Gaia as the second primal beings. The passage identified Gaia as a personification of Earth, providing a home to all immortals and mortals. Next, Tartarus was identified, “dim Tartarus in nook of the wide-pathed land” (Theog. 119), representing the lowest part of the underworld (Nelson, 26, 20). The term “nook” signifies a hidden or secluded spot (Merriam Webster, 2013), an area that is unknown, and deep below the surface of Earth. The Greeks conception of Tartarus represented a lower part of the underworld; it provided the Greeks an explanation of death. Finally, the last being that was introduced was Eros, responsible for desire (Nelson, 26, 21) and causing all creation to be procreated. In the line “Eros, most beautiful among the immortal gods, limb-weakener, who masters the mind and sensible counsel in the breasts of all gods and all men” (Theog. 120-122) illustrates and supports that Eros is responsible for the sexual desire, the driving force behind procreation. The use of the term “limb-weakener” can be interpreted several ways, but summarized as someone’s beauty causing the limbs to be weakened, such as the knees because they are anxious or have “butterflies in the stomach”.

In the Theogony “From Chasm were born Erebus (Darkness) and black Night” (Theog. 123) the parthenogenic children of Chasm or also know Chaos, Night and Erebus is a personification of darkness. From the parthenogenic creation of Night, also known as Nyx, Aether and Day are born. In the following quote “From Night were born Aether (Brightness) and Day, whom she conceived and bore, joined in love with Erebus” (Theog. 124-125) signifies the beginning creation of life from the...

Find Another Essay On First Beings

The Question of Being Essay

1313 words - 5 pages ” (103). Anxiety is our experience of the slipping away of beings as a whole, the bringing of the nothing into the foreground, its uncovering. Anxiety is what makes fear possible. Yet, unlike fear, in which that which threatens is other than Dasein, anxiety is characterized by the fact that what threatens is nowhere and nothing. In anxiety, first and foremost, the world as world is disclosed as that which one cannot slip into, as the totality of

The Interrelationship among Self, Others, and Environment

1171 words - 5 pages Why do human beings behave the way they do? How do individuals form relationships with others? What components of an individual’s physiological makeup and the surrounding atmosphere affect the formation of judgments about themselves, others’, and every day events? Does one’s membership within a particular group affect his or her thoughts, emotions, and actions towards others? Is aggression the product of biology or environment? Questions such as


968 words - 4 pages I will be studying human nature according to David Hume and his philosophical views on the empirical method. I only slightly disagree with the views of Hume. My theory is that we do gain a large amount of our knowledge through experience. This cannot be argued. However, I also believe that human beings possess knowledge that is innate, or a priori, such as morals and our ability to reason. However, I will discredit Hume's "matter of fact

'Homelanding' by Margaret Atwood

583 words - 2 pages I was in fact very confused by the way Atwood describes the condition of the earth to the outsider (or alien). Because when you start to explain something to someone, you assume that both of you must first know and agree with something together. This feeling started from Atwood’s description of a funeral: “When a person has achieved death a kind of PICNIC is held…”, I thought the word PICNIC quite hilarious, as if an alien

Critique of Aquinas's Cosmological Argument

1402 words - 6 pages Critique of Aquinas's Cosmological Argument Aquinas's 3rd way suggests that the world consists of contingent beings. As all contingent beings have a cause, namely another contingent being, there must have been a time when nothing existed, (unless contingent beings exist as a brute fact). Therefore, contingent beings could not have come into existence unless there is a necessary being which is non- contingent that caused

Malacandra's Society

1098 words - 4 pages The inhabitants of Malacandra society cannot be considered as persons just as we are. There is no form of hierarchy that exists in Malacandra. The inhabitants of Malacandra do not have awareness like human beings. The form of reasoning that the inhabitants have does not compare to the level of reasoning that humans have developed throughout evolution. Ones imagination inclines through formal knowledge that the inhabitants of Malacandra cannot be

Human Beings as Being Genuinely Free

1157 words - 5 pages Human Beings as Being Genuinely Free To be able to answer this question successfully we must first understand what is meant by the term 'genuinely free.' By this do we mean to have limitless freedom where each choice is our own or rather freedom within certain boundaries? There are of course many different views which consider the extent of our freedom and what being free really means, ranging from ultimate, unlimited

The Voice Within

4571 words - 18 pages to belong to society and human beings. The statement made above cannot be proved to be true because there is no way to prove that the emotions do not belong to this visible world. Therefore I will prove that they do. We, as human beings are very selfish people in that we are most afraid of something when it is directed toward us. I think that when societies first formed, the distinction between right and wrong was made on a personal level. When

Daniel Dennett's Darwin's Dangerous Idea

1632 words - 7 pages and other animals rests in our ability to make choices to "overpower or escape biological constraints." Since morality is a concept designed by humans, I will limit my questions of morality to the discussion of human beings. A removal of the use of superlatives when thinking of morality is frightening to me since it claims that there is no blanket right or wrong. In order to understand morality, I will first analyze the way in which human

Hobbes vs. Rousseau

1430 words - 6 pages The philosophies of Jean Jacques Rousseau and Thomas Hobbes represent two opposing views about the moral nature of human beings. The goal of each philosopher was to describe human beings in the "state of nature," or rather, they attempted to strip human beings of all the attributes they took to be the results of civil conventions or customs. By achieving this, the philosophers hoped to uncover certain characteristics about human nature that are

The Purpose of Education

566 words - 2 pages evident in math and science. Once coming to terms with ourselves and our environment through the use of reason, we will be much closer to reaching our full potential as human beings. Instead of focusing on defining goals that need to be reached before having full knowledge of ourselves and our environment, we need to first use reason in order to understand ourselves and our environment, with the hope of revealing our true purpose

Similar Essays

A Reflection Upon Creation: Hinduism And Buddhism

1516 words - 6 pages vanity led to the disappearance of the skin from the earth. This situation occurred three more times with a mushroom layer, creepers, and rice. While the rice was on earth along with the process of beings becoming uglier, there were also changes in appearance gender rise. Along with the differences in gender came a sexual want between a man and a woman, coming from both sides. When beings first started engaging in sex the others threw things at

Introduction To Ethical Theories Essay

1366 words - 6 pages their society its normal and everyone does it. inside the margins of this paper I am going to analyze the top three models used to determine a morally significant being based on the criteria in your book. I will first define a moral agent and a morally significant being then take you through the steps to deciding what a significant being is and which criteria you would use for each. Moral agents are beings that have a full advantage in their

A Story Of Unfair Treatment That The Native Australians Were Put Through During The European Invasion.

615 words - 2 pages had magic sticks that make a bang to kill animals. Naturally the tribe had come to a conclusion that he had been bitten by a snake and was delirious.When one day the white beings turned up in our tribe's territory with bags of food some of the tribe were overjoyed because they didn't have to hunt for a change though some of us were suspicious and didn't want the tribe to eat the food. Though part of the tribe still ate the food and unfortunately

Minority Report

772 words - 3 pages beings are a special species but most of their points of views are paradox and behave inconsistency. Compare to other living organisms in this world, human beings consider as lucky because we can choose what to do in our live. Unfortunately, some human beings do not live in the present time, they live in their memories or dreams. This kind of behavior is actually wasting their life time. Other than that, self-worth is a very common human nature. People always put themselves in the first place. Human beings have desire to know what is going to happen in the coming days. Instead of guessing the future, they should live a better life with a better way.