This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

First Inhabitants Of The Great Lakes Region

3883 words - 16 pages

The First Inhabitants of the Great Lakes Region in North America

As archeological discoveries of bone fragments and fossils continue to support the existence of homo-sapiens
in North America prior to the arrival of Indo-European explorers in the 15th century, this paper will attempt to
explain chronologically, which Native American inhabitants lived or migrated throughout what is known today as the
Great Lakes Region. This region includes lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Ontario, & Erie as well as surrounding
U.S. state territories including Michigan, a significant portion of Wisconsin, small portions of Minnesota & Indiana, a
small part of Illinois and the Canadian providence of Ontario toward the north. In terms of chronological dates, this
paper will analyze the quaternary period, specifically the “Holocene epoch from 8000 B.C. to Present; the last 10,000
years ” (Quimby 2), since this epoch involved the fundamental evolution of mankind to the present. It is important to
realize that the late Pleistocene epoch had a dramatic affect on the migration patterns of homo-sapiens reaching “the
Americas by 14,000 ago” (O’Brien 12), after large portions of North America encountered the last ice age, which
through glaciation and glacial retreat affected the date of arrival and presence of indigenous people throughout the
Great Lakes Region.
Shortly following the glacial retreat of the upper Great Lakes region around 11,000 B.C., the flora and fauna
in the region began to develop prior to and upon the arrival of the “Paleo-Indian tribe, circa 7000 B.C. to 4500 B.C.”
(Quimby 6). Between this time period, in 6000 B.C., the basins of the upper Great Lakes became entirely ice free
and moraines and depressions began forming the shapes of the lakes when water from glacial retreat eventually filled
the lakes due to rapid climate alterations. Although the first generations of spruce and fir trees began to grow
abundantly, the Paleo-Indian tribe “used fluted points of chipped stone surrounding the lakes for the spearing of large
animals including mastodons as a primary source of food.” (Quimby 6) The fact that no actual dwelling sites nor
artifacts other than fluted points have been discovered; historians and archaeologists strongly believe that the Paleo-
Indians were a nomadic tribe, constantly on the move as land and environmental conditions changed. Archaeologists
have also speculated that the Paleo-Indians may have been “direct descendants from the early Archaic and Mongoloid
culture, perceived to be the first homo-sapiens to set foot in North America by crossing the Bering Strait in the early
Holocene epoch.” (Kubiak 12) Because the oldest fluted points have been found along the western shores of Lake
Superior and more recent points along the southern banks of Lake Huron, historians have theorized that the Paleo-
Indian group may have gone through a “transitional phase, moving from the northwest toward a southeastward

Find Another Essay On First Inhabitants of the Great Lakes Region

Pollution in the Great Lakes Essay

1232 words - 5 pages problems with pollution in the lakes that need to be dealt with soon, or conditions will just keep getting worse and worse, and this will not be good for anyone. Why Care? Why care about pollution and what it is doing to the Great Lakes and the wildlife around them? There are many reasons why we should care about this issue. First off, poisoning one fifth of the world’s fresh water, the water we drink, means we can get very sick. Also, the cost

Water pollution in the Great Lakes

837 words - 4 pages with the complex problems of toxic and nuisance algae in the Great Lakes. It will focus mostly on Lake Erie. A strategy called the Great Lakes Binational Toxics Strategy establishes a list of dangerous toxic substances that are targeted for elimination, e.g. aldrin/dieldrin, chlordane, alkyl-lead, mercury, etc. The Great Lakes Areas of Concern project targets areas in the Great Lakes Region where the water is polluted and may be dangerous to humans

"A region without problems and a people without grievances." Discuss this view of Southeast Asia and its inhabitants in the years 1870-1942

1250 words - 5 pages such that they had no complaints. The view is largely untrue as in trying to force Southeast Asia and its inhabitants into being what the Westerners had in mind for them, there were many negative backlashes on the region and countess grievances by the people. While it must not be forgotten that there were minimal advantages, most of them accidental, the view, to be accurate, must be modified to "A region with problems, and a people with grievances

Analysis of Great Lakes Airlines’ Portfolio

2415 words - 10 pages operating for almost 30 years, although the name has not always been the same. It started out as Spirit Lake Airways in 1977, providing charter flights, flight instruction, and aircraft maintenance out of Spirit Lake, Iowa. In 1981, with the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 having removed all restrictions on “entry into domestic service” (Wensveen, 2011), Great Lakes was free to fly its first scheduled passenger flight. In August of 1985, the

Asian Carp vs the Great Lakes

1343 words - 6 pages invade the Great Lakes. Asian carp were first imported to the United States from Southeast Asia in the 1970’s in order to filter pond water in Arkansas. They are actually three different species of carp, Black carp, Silver carp, and Bighead carp ( Silver carp can grow up to thirty-nine inches and sixty pounds. Bighead car are even larger, at sixty inches and one-hundred-ten

Asian Carp: Destroying the Great Lakes

1350 words - 5 pages Asian Carp should be prevented from entering the Great Lakes because they are destroying the ecosystem in that area. They are a negative contribution to the lakes because they are eating all of the plankton needed for the native fish to survive, which in turn will create a mass starvation among all the fish in the area. The Asian Carp are also a hazard to boaters, as they are capable of jumping out of the water and knocking into fishermen

Asian Carp in the Great Lakes

982 words - 4 pages There are unwanted visitors threatening to make their home in the Great Lakes. Originally coming from Asia, the fish immigrated to the Mississippi River eventually making their way to the Great Lakes. Let’s take a look at the problem, the causes and effects, and the possible solutions of the Asian Carp Invasion. Bighead, Silver, Grass, and Black Carp, even though each its own distinct species, all fall under the name “Asian Carp.” They can

Preserving The Great Lakes Heritage Coast

1153 words - 5 pages Preserving The Great Lakes Heritage Coast This paper will attempt to do several things in regards to the Great Lakes Heritage Coast. First, the author will provide some background information pertinent to this issue. Secondly, a summary of the current status of the Great Lakes Heritage Coast as presented by the guest speaker. Furthermore, the author of this paper will provide a personal opinion in regards to the importance of a

The methods used by Great Britain to control the land and inhabitants of the United States and India differ vastly

1583 words - 6 pages natural, that enabled Britain to fuel its industries and fund its military. Although these countries were once the property of the same nation, and came under British rule during the 1600's, the methods use by Great Britain to control the land and inhabitants of these countries differ vastly.The United States began to be colonized in the 1600's with the Jamestown settlement. At first the settlement got off to a slow start, and it wasn't until the

The Great Lakes Global Freight Gateway Project: Detroit to Halifax

1516 words - 6 pages manufacturing sector and have the necessary skill set to be reemployed in the shipping industry (Mc, Pg. 44). The Great Lakes Global Freight Gateway project can promote growth in the region by reutilizing the same regional assets that were available in the past for new purposes. Nearly half of the nation was formed between 1790 and 1860. Innovations in the productions of goods and services coupled with the transportation revolution led to rapid

The Finger Lakes (Character of a Place)

1926 words - 8 pages Region pulls in some of the highest figures in annual snowfall in the Northeast. The enormous lakes are not forgotten by the changing seasons as they freeze over and seem to transform into great barren white deserts. Even the biggest winter enthusiasts welcome springtime which can truly be compared to a rebirth as wildlife and civilization seems to bud out of the melting snow. Lake residents construct their docks and prepare their boats for the

Similar Essays

Why Diverting Water From The Great Lakes Region Is A Bad Idea

890 words - 4 pages Great Lakes is a terrible idea, one: it allows for waters wars to start on the basis of who is allowed to access it and for commodification purposes. Two, diverting water on such large scales could have cataclysmic effects on the local residents as well as the environment. Water War United States regions that may have the largest interest in the Great Lakes would be the Southwest and Southeast. The Southwest because the majority of the region

Explaining Wartime Rape In Armed Conflict: The Great Lakes (Sub ) Region

3689 words - 15 pages , I have decided to research sexual violence in armed conflicts in the Great Lakes (sub-) region and treat is as a preliminary stage of my further research concerning the Great Lakes as a regional security complex, which will include more threats and factors. Method For the purposes of this research, I will combine quantitative and qualitative methods by running statistical analysis in the first stage; and explanatory case studies in the latter

The Willandra Lakes Region Essay

677 words - 3 pages The Willandra Lakes Region is in the south west of New South Wales. The region is a World Heritage site because it has met two of the ten criteria set for being a World Heritage site. These criteria are: Criterion (iii): "bears a unique or exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared" Criterion (viii): "is an outstanding example representing major stages of Earth's history

Falling Water Levels Of The Great Lakes

1017 words - 5 pages trillion litres of water are pumped from the Great Lakes. As natural influences as well as human factors are putting tremendous pressures on this water system, the water levels are dropping at an alarming rate. The falling water levels present an enormous environmental impact to thousands of species of plant and wildlife and to the 45 million inhabitants who dwell in the Great Lakes area according to the Council of Canadians. Lake Huron and