The Beginning Of Photography Essay

4399 words - 18 pages

1

First, the name. We owe the name "Photography" to Sir John Herschel, who first used the

term in 1839, the year the photographic process became public. The word is derived from the

Greek words for light and writing.

Before mentioning the stages that led to the development of photography, there is one

amazing, quite uncanny prediction made by a man called de la Roche (1729-1774) in a work

called Giphantie. In this imaginary tale, it was possible to capture images from nature, on a

canvas which had been coated with a sticky substance.1 This surface, so the tale goes, would not

only provide a mirror image on the sticky canvas, but would remain on it. After it had been dried

in the dark the image would remain permanent. The author would not have known how

prophetic this tale would be, only a few decades after his death.

There are two distinct scientific processes that combine to make photography possible. It

is somewhat surprising that photography was not invented earlier than the 1830s, because these

processes had been known for quite some time. It was not until the two distinct scientific

processes had been put together that photography came into being.

The first of these processes was optical. The Camera Obscura (dark room) had been in

existence for at least four hundred years. There is a drawing, dated 1519, of a Camera Obscura

by Leonardo da Vinci; about this same period its use as an aid to drawing was being advocated.2

The second process was chemical. For hundreds of years before photography was

invented, people had been aware, for example, that some colours are bleached in the sun, but

they had made little distinction between heat, air and light.

In the sixteen hundreds Robert Boyle, a founder of the Royal Society, had reported that

silver chloride turned dark under exposure, but he appeared to believe that it was caused by

exposure to the air, rather than to light.

Angelo Sala, in the early seventeenth century, noticed that powdered nitrate of silver is

blackened by the sun.3 In 1727 Johann Heinrich Schulze discovered that certain liquids change

colour when exposed to light. At the beginning of the nineteenth century Thomas Wedgwood

was conducting experiments; he had successfully captured images, but his silhouettes could not

survive, as there was no known method of making the image permanent.The first successful

picture was produced by Niépce,using material that hardened on exposure to light.4

2

On 4 January 1829 Niépce agreed to go into partnership with Louis Daguerre. Niépce

died only four years later, but Daguerre continued to experiment. Soon he had discovered a way

of developing photographic plates, a process which greatly reduced the...

Find Another Essay On The Beginning of Photography

The History of Photography. Essay

1450 words - 6 pages Photography is a technological invention that has become the most universal means of communication and artistic expression that the world has known. It overcomes the differences of language. It can be specific and realistic, where music and related media can only be abstracted or general. In the form of motion pictures it can be used for television and the movies. As a form of visual art, it has as wide a range of unique expressive...

The Development of Photography Essay

1736 words - 7 pages Photography has developed immensely throughout the years, and will continue to develop through the use of digital cameras, the constant sharing and sending of photographs, and the availability of editing. Photography is a wonderful tool. Photography helps us document our lives, and remember past experiences. Photography has had a long journey from the very first photograph, to the constant sharing of digital photos, and who knows what the future...

The Power of Photography

1070 words - 4 pages Have you ever seen a painting or picture that captivates you and directly stirs up emotion within you? More than likely, you have. Usually, viewers merely observe the picture and enjoy the way it looks and how it makes them feel. But, have you ever asked yourself, “why?” What about the picture makes it pleasing to the viewer? With each strategy the photographer uses creates their own touch and passion that floods all over the picture. The...

The Physics of Photography

1111 words - 4 pages The Physics of Photography The general population has become so accustomed to their simple point and shoot cameras that they do not either notice the poor quality of images that they are producing or do not have the knowledge to produce better images. For those who desire to take better photographs, photography will be an exciting life long adventure. There are many aspects to consider when taking a photograph. A good photograph is well...

The Power of Photography

2136 words - 9 pages Have you ever taken a picture or been looking through a photo album and felt a sudden rush of emotion? Do you wonder what caused that emotion? Many find themselves captivated by a photograph and overwhelmed by the emotions that the photograph arouses. Believe it or not the arousal of emotion from those photographs was not caused by the content of the picture but by certain elements within the photograph. When a photograph is viewed it is not only...

The Beginning of Baseball

866 words - 3 pages The beginning of baseball has had it twist on who started the game and who made the rules to the game. The sport we know as baseball was original name stickball before it became an organized sport. Baseball was a game that many just played as part of their moderate exercise for recreational purpose or time and they used the game to stay in shape. It was usually a middle class white -collar worker who played the game. Many give credit to Abner...

Photography and the impact of the photography on art

1515 words - 6 pages What is photograph and photographyIn dictionary meaning photograph can be defined with the words of Metin SÖZEN: "An image which is stabilized on sensitive card through a system of lenses." In a narrow sense we can define photograph as above. However the real meaning of photograph is started with its functionality and artistic frameworks. The activities carried out in science fields such as geography, medicine, astronomy or etc are...

The Beginning of the End

1491 words - 6 pages The Beginning of the EndIt was an unusually dark morning around 5 a.m. and the street lamps were dimly lit. It was going to be a hot and humid day. Birds were chirping loudly, how I hated the sounds of the birds chirping in the morning. The street sweeper was loud and obnoxious to my already pounding head. I'd been up for over a week with no thought of sleeping. As I walked through the bug infested, woody path I came upon a vagrant...

Birth: The Beginning of Life

2431 words - 10 pages Birth: The Beginning of Life Birth: a definition For all mammals (with platypuses being the exception), parturition is the beginning of life as we know it. More specifically, birth is the means by which non-human primates and human primates alike begin their experience of the world. I am interested in the significance of childbirth the method by which it is carried out, its implications for the birthing mother, and the way that the birthing...

The History of Photography and the Camera

1057 words - 4 pages Photography has come a long way from the first camera all the way until today. In this essay I’ll begin by explaining how the first aspect called the Camera Obscura started. The Camera Obscura was first developed and explained in ancient times during the 4th and 5th centuries B.C. It was first developed by the Chinese and Greeks and also later studied by other philosophers in Ancient Times. It is used to create images that are transmitted through...

History of Photography in the United States

3607 words - 14 pages I IntroductionThe development of photography began at a sluggish rate, taking over a century to make any sort of notable advancement. However, after the invention of the daguerreotype, expansion began to proceed at a highly rapid pace. Photography was the origin of film, as well as motion picture. Which of course were the basis for television and the media, of which we adhere to today. As photography became a more common technology and...

Similar Essays

The Advancement Of Photography Essay

1096 words - 4 pages People see pictures every day and everywhere. They are in the newspapers, on wall as art, on billboards too. Photographs didn’t exist not long ago but when they were developed they took the world by storm. Nearly 200 years later people have cameras in their phones and can print pictures wirelessly straight from our phones or cameras. The invention of photography was an advancement that not only changed humanities but also changed the world as it...

The Importance Of Photography Essay

1112 words - 4 pages Everywhere you look one thing is common, photographs. People not only use photography to document events and milestones, they use to enhance the beauty of their surroundings. From pictures of quiet country streams and cute animals to family photographs, almost every public space has some kind of photograph as decoration. Photography is much more than taking simple pictures, as a career a photographer must know technical information about...

The Birth Of Photography Essay

1805 words - 7 pages The Birth of Photography goes way back to the very early stages of it’s development, in 1565 it was found that certain silver salts turned black when open to an element, which at this time they believed to be air. It wasn’t until mid 1720’s when they discovered it was in fact light that reacted with the salts to turn them black; this led to numerous amounts of unsuccessful trials at capturing images in a lasting, photochemical form. Many...

The History Of Photography Essay

2277 words - 9 pages The History of Photography The name "Photography" comes from the Greek words for light and writing. Sir John Herschel, was the first to use the term photography in 1839, when he managed to fix images using hyposulphite of soda. He described photography as "The application of the chemical rays to the purpose of pictorial representation". Herschel also coined the terms "negative", "positive" and "snapshot". But a man called de la Roche...