First World War Essay

1533 words - 6 pages

First World War

In 1914 the First World War broke out, it quickly became Stalemate on
two fronts, when the German Schlieffen plan failed. This was a plan
thought of by Count Von Schlieffen to invade France, the idea that the
German's could swing round Paris capturing the City in six weeks and
ending the war before the Russian's could mobilise. However the
German's did not expect the fierce resistance they received when
attempting to pass through Belgium, the Russian's and the French both
had time to mobilise and were ready for the German's, giving the
Allies a great advantage in the beginning of the war.

At the battle of the Marne in September 1914, German troops where
already exhausted and where easily pushed away from Paris by the
French although not right out of France digging into trenches and
unknowingly starting a long trench based war.

THE WESTERN FRONT:

The Western front was a "theatre of war" or the defence area of the
western allies to the Germans. This theatre is where the main
stalemate took place, in the lines of trenches in France. The Western
front was a result of the failure of the Schlieffen plan, a German
plan to capture France in six weeks. Many large battles were fought in
the Western front, to try and break the stalemate. The western front
stretched from Switzerland to the North Sea. Both sides tried to use
new technologies to gain an upper hand to break the stalemate, but one
side's advancement was countered by one from the other. Morale was a
key factor, because if the soldiers didn't want to fight, then they
could stop battles and breakthroughs. The trenches made it difficult
for breakthroughs to happen, especially for the allies as the German
trenches were much better constructed, making it difficult for the
allies to break. In 1916, when both sides found the war difficult and
were tired of the two year stalemate, the battle of The Somme was a
desperate attempt to break the stalemate. It was a British plan to
cause a breakthrough and ultimately, end the war. During this battle
the tank made its introduction, being partially successful 1 million
British soldiers were killed. Though costly, a breakthrough was
achieved, and land was re-captured, British morale remained low due to
the high casualties and the tactic of attrition, sending soldiers
"over the top" constantly, to wear the German defenders down. At the
battle of Verdux, the German plan was to capture French forts and
"bleed France white" causing them to surrender, breaking the
stalemate. Both sides lost thousands, but the Germans forced the
French close to breaking point. In 1917 after the sinking of the
Lusitania, the American's came into the war on the Western front. The
American arrival was a great relief for the allies, freshly trained
troops and supplies were poured in to front to...

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