Fiscal Policy can be explained in many ways, for example. Fiscal policy is the use of the government budget to affect an economy. When the government decides on the taxes that it collects, the transfer payments it gives out, or the goods and services that it purchases, it is engaging in fiscal policy. The primary economic impact of any change in the government budget is felt by particular groups—a tax cut for families with children, for example, raises the disposable income of such families. Discussions of fiscal policy, however, usually focus on the effect of changes in the government budget on the overall economy—on such macroeconomic variables as GNP and unemployment and inflation.
Fiscal Policy also can be explained as the economic term which describes the behavior of governments in raising money to fund current spending and investment for collective social purposes and for transfer payments to citizens and residents of the territory for which the government is responsible. The money may be raised by taxation, by borrowing, by user charges on social assets or services, or by fiat. Fiscal policy can include deficit spending to stimulate demand for domestic goods and services to help unemployment or make efforts to cut deficits or raise the budget surplus to fight inflation.
There are many different types of Fiscal Policy. It all depends on the given situations the government is in. A government may adopt certain policies that can either increase or decrease output in the short run. For instance, if the government faces a threat of recession, it may adopt an expansionary fiscal policy. This policy involves increasing government spending and cutting taxes, in order to spur economic output. But if the government decides they need to do the opposite the government may adopt concretionary fiscal policy. This involves a reduction in government spending and an increase in taxes when faced with an overheating economy. But these actions, may have other effects in the economy. For instance, and expansionary fiscal policy may lead to the crowding out of investment.
Like every other government controlled organization there is a group of people who are control of Fiscal Policy. There is a Council of Economics. These men are called Council of Economic Advisors. In the Council of Advisors there are three people. There is a Chairmen and two members. Even...