This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Fishing And The Villages Of Southern Sri Lanka: A Case Study

1000 words - 4 pages

Fishing and the Villages of Southern Sri Lanka: A Case Study

Fishing has been a mainstay industry in Sri Lanka for centuries, but it has been ravaged with political, economic, environmental disasters and social issues over the past century (Olstrom, 1990, Yamada, et al., 2006, Arunatilake et al., 2014). In the southern tip of Sri Lanka, lies the fishing village of Mawelle (Ostrom, 1990, p. 149). Southern Sri Lanka’s fishermen fish with beach seines (called madella or “big net”) that are half-mile long nets and were a source of economic stability for the individuals living in the region (Ostrom, 1990, p. 149).
During the early part of the 1900’s, the fishers in Mawelle devised elaborate rules regulating access to the fishing region and the number of nets utilized but they were not able to sustain a structured policy and rules controlling the number of nets to be used (Ostrom, 1990). With construction of new roads, an increase of population, and the increasing prices for fish by 1945, 71 nets were in use (Ostrom, 1990). With the expansive growth, the economic benefits diminished throughout Southern Sri Lanka and political corruption emerged, and policies were not enforced. Additionally, centralized government took over policy creation and enforcement that did not include local representation that had been in place since the early 1900’s (Ostrom, 1990). This solution was highly ineffective in controlling the entry of new fishers, which drove the system to a situation of virtual collapse where, at some point, more than 100 nets were being deployed at extremely low levels of productivity (Ostrom, 1990).
Sri Lanka has also experienced a series of socio-political disturbances over the past several decades including ethnic and religious divisions, economic upheavals, and the struggle and competition for natural resources that have also impacted fishing (Arunatilake et al., 2014). Sri Lanka was torn apart by a civil war in the 1980’s and 1990’s between the majority Sinhalese, and the minority Tamills (Yamada, et al., 2006, p. 39). These struggles have resulted in a steep rise in the scope and severity or armed conflicts and violence since the middle of 2006. Governance failures exacerbated by these armed conflicts have continued to feed social tensions in the south and throughout Sri Lanka’s fishing industry Arunatilake, et al., 2014). The limited supply of fish and increased cost of material and service resulting from the conflicts has raised the cost of production, processing and upgrading (Arunatilake, et al., 2014). “This combination of conflicts and factors has contributed to making the southern Sri Lankan fishery industry unduly expensive. (Arunatilake, et al., 2014, p. 29)”
On Sunday, December 26, 2004, a 9.0-magnitude earthquake off the coast of Sumatra sent several tsunami waves cascading toward Sri Lanka (Yamada, et al., 2006). “The tsunamis hit the eastern, southern, and southwestern coasts of Sri Lanka-more than...

Find Another Essay On Fishing and the Villages of Southern Sri Lanka: A Case Study

Amphibian Diversity of Sri Lanka Essay

567 words - 2 pages effective conservation programs (Myers 1988). The goals of this paper are to (1) highlight the amphibian diversity if Sri Lanka, (2) to identity the diversity-rich regions (3) broadly review and discuss the biogeographical distribution of amphibians in the tropical island of Sri Lanka. I believe that those aspects of amphibians in Sri Lanka are foremost in importance in the process of conservation prioritization.

The report of current and future technological advances in Sri Lanka: Under the sections of Travel, Home and Work

1429 words - 6 pages I am writing a report on the changing of technological advances in my country. I would like to get high marks for this report to passing the Examination. Sri Lanka is a rapidly developing country among Asia-pacific region. In the 21 century, have been many technological changes in the difference sectors in Sri Lankan society. I will discuss technological advances with major sections in the country, such as workplace, travel and the home

Many people are interested in the small island Sri Lanka;

3933 words - 16 pages clinics in the villages, there is still only one doctor for every 4, 200 people in India. Due to the lack of doctors and efficient health care, these sicknesses continue to plague the people of India. (Ardley 40).The way of life in Sri Lanka and Asian India is only slightly different in their traditions, family life, and acts of marriage. In early India the basic family was known as a "joint" family. This name was due to the fact that parents

Voluntary Simplicity and WouldiIt Work in Sri Lanka?

2480 words - 10 pages Voluntary Simplicity PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1 What is Voluntary Simplicity and would it work in Sri Lanka?A study on the benefits of the Voluntary Simplicity ideology in today's society……………………….Voluntary SimplicityWhat is it and how does it apply to Sri Lankan society?We live in times where consumerism has taken over society and those who have endeavored to realize their lifelong

Analyse the application of the multi-factor test as applied in the attached case study (Dominic B Fishing Pty Ltd and Commissioner of Taxation [20

1061 words - 5 pages This-case-study-examines the distinctions between a contract of service and a contract for service in order to determine whether “Mr Hemingway” and crewmembers are employees of the taxpayer (Dominic B Fishing Pty Ltd (“DBF”)). In this report, an analysis based on the multi-factor test from the case of Hollis-v-Vabu - (“HV”), will be applied to determine if Hemingway is an employee, thereby an obligation to make superannuation contributions to

New Zealand and the Impact of Fishing

1445 words - 6 pages about the country, but about its fish. Even such little nuances as the names of the islands reflect the importance of fishing and the ocean for survival. The Māori refer to the South Island as “the canoe of Māui” (Te Waka-a-Māui) and the North Island as “the fish of Māui” (Te Ika-a-Māui) ("New Zealand"). For a country which has increased its export of fish by fifty times its size in the past thirty years (Starfish), it

"A Southern Mode of the Imagination" and Thomas Wolfe

2273 words - 9 pages Over the course of his decades-long career as a respected and influential man of letters, he also wrote an extensive collection of critical essays. In such piece, “A Southern Mode of Imagination,” he argues that the renascence of Southern letters occurred because of a shift in the way Southerners thought; a change from what he termed the extroverted “rhetorical mode” of tall-tales and politicking, to the introspective and hitherto primarily

Women Headed Families in Underserve Settlements and Housing in Colombo Sri Lanka

1545 words - 6 pages and Planning, Sri Lanka Fernando M. (1985) Women's Participation in the Housing Process: The Case of Killapone, Sri Lanka, Gender and Planning Working Paper no. 3, Development Planning Unit, University College London. Fraser, N. (2004

The Joys of Fishing

1850 words - 7 pages whenever we had the chance. To this day, I still love fishing just as much as I had on my first fishing trip with my grandpa. Many people enjoy hobbies that are relaxing and peaceful, and others prefer exhilarating activities that never have a dull moment. I enjoy fishing because it has some of both. When fishing is slow, I have the opportunity to observe the beauty all around me and time to think to myself. When the fish are practically jumping

The Sports of Fishing

2164 words - 9 pages The Sports of Fishing Fishing, or angling, is the sport of trying to catch fish with a rod, reel, line and baited hooks. The sport goes back thousands of years, and it appears that fishing techniques were already quite advanced at a very early date. In the Stone Age, hooks made of both bone and stone were used to catch fish, but spearing, a more primitive method, was probably just as common. An engraving from an ancient Egyptian tomb

The opinions and perceptions of Sri Lankan physicians

1279 words - 5 pages ) VIIIth General Conference, Vienna September 1996. p. 3 10. Orubuloye, IO, OY Oyeneye. (1982). “Primary health care in developing countries: the case of Nigeria, Sri Lanka and Tanzania.” Soc Sci Med 16: 675-686. 11. Salsberg, E, A Grover. (2006). “Physician workforce shortages: implications and issues for academic health centers and policymakers.” Academic Medicine 81(9): 782-787. 12. Withanachchi, N, A Okitsu, et al. (2007). "Resource

Similar Essays

The Economy Of Sri Lanka Essay

1546 words - 6 pages INTRODUCTION Sri Lanka is the home to many languages, cultures, ethnicities. It is an island country on the northern Indian Ocean off the southern coast in India’s subcontinent located in southern Asia. There are many things that contribute to their economic growth and I shall discuss some of them below. ECONOMIC HISTORY OF SRI LANKA According to Sri Lanka wonder of Asia, (2014), when explaining Sri Lanka economic growth, it is advisable

History Of The Conflict In Sri Lanka

638 words - 3 pages Sri Lanka is host to one of the world’s most violent wars that has endured for most of the past 25 years, suffering hundreds of thousands of deaths in conflicts in both the north and south. Previous attempts to resolve the ethnic conflict between the Sri Lankan Tamils, who have traditionally inhabited the northern and eastern regions, and the Sinhalese, concentrated in the central and southern regions, have been tried since the 1950s, but

Sri Lanka A Country Report

1387 words - 6 pages Country Study, “Sri Lankan music has been influenced by religious chanting, the rhythm of African slave songs and the melodies, Charisma…” (112) as well. Sri Lankan dress is largely influenced by western fashion, although traditional Sri Lankan dress is still seen; mostly in formal events. According to Sri Lanka: A Country Study, “… Saris are still the preferred formal dress of women, but today, have many modern variations and high heels are

Sri Lanka: A Unique Geography Essay

1757 words - 7 pages , a person a person, and a group a group, geography has proven to be the cause of reason. Geography through its physical and human characteristics brings reason together to how both physical and human factors cause people to live the way they do. For the country of Sri Lanka, many may be flabbergasted to hear that even such a small group of people have such a big purpose in lieu of people’s lives. In fact; beyond various contrary beliefs, Sri