Fitness Coursework Essay

1483 words - 6 pages

Introduction:This coursework is investigating the levels of fitness of groups of 8 pupils by looking at how their heart rate in beats per minute (bpm) varies with a stepping exercise. A step test provides a convenient mean to use heart rate to evaluate the efficiency of the cardiovascular response to aerobic exercise. It will also include analysing the results to see if there are any trends or patterns in the results, and putting relevant information in the form of graphs and charts. At the end of the investigation I will use scientific knowledge and understanding to explain as well as to analyse my findings.Prediction:"As the level of stepping activity increases, the heart rate will also increase."Method:Eight pupils were asked to do a stepping exercise for a period of ten minutes and at every 2 minutes interval their Heart Rate (HR) was measured and recorded. Then after ten minutes they stopped their exercise but their HR was monitored for a further 20 minutes. The HR was also taken before the exercise began; this is called the Resting Pulse. Each pupil's height and weight was noted. Value for the Weight/Height was calculated for each person. This was a measurement of how fit the person was. The lower the figure the fitter the person.Analysis:Figure 1. The overall results of all the pupils taking part in the experiment.Pupil informationHeart RatePupilHeight (m)Weight (kg)Weight/HeightRestingPulseTime from start of activity (min)(W/H)2468102030Anne1.95027.034565801101301304545Daljit1.85027.785565851151351355555Rhona1.85530.5655751151301351396555Jane1.65031.2560801001351401408070Stan1.86034.29658010014014016010070Sean1.76035.2980901101451451559080Marj1.76538.2460851101351401457565Aaron1.26050.007011014015015015511085The above table has been arranged in order of the fittest pupil (Anne) to the least fit (Aaron). I have decided to use the Weight/Height value as the measure of fitness. In general, the lower the value the fitter the person is and conversely the higher the value the lower the level of fitness. Thus by looking at Fig 1 we see that Ann has a high W/H value of 27.03 (fittest) whilst Aaron has a value of 38.54 (least fit).The resting pulse rate alone cannot be used to assess fitness. For example if we look at Figure 2 below we see that both Daljit & Rhona have the same resting pulse of 55 bpm (and coincidentally same height of 1.8m) but differ in weight and the W/H value.The Weight and Height are independent variables and don't give much information as to evaluating how fit a person is. Each Persons weight and height depends on their genes and on the environment. A better measure would be to use the Weight/Height (W/H) value.Figure 2. Comparison between Daljit and Rhona's resultsPupilHeight (m)Weight (kg)Weight/ HeightRestingPulseDaljit1.85027.7855Rhona1.85530.5655From Figure 4 we can see a positive linear relationship in which case the heart rate and level of exercise are proportional. As the level of activity increases the heart...

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