Fitness for Health and Performance
What is good health?
Health is defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social
well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Health
is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without
distinction of race, religion, political belief, economics or social
conditions. These things can influence how good or bad your health is:
· Use and misuse of substances such as drugs, alcohol and tobacco.
· Sex education
· Family life education
· Health-related exercise
· Personal hygiene
· Environmental aspects of health education
· Psychological aspects of health education
What is physical fitness?
General fitness includes a good health and being able to carry out
every day activities with ease. You should also be able to take part
in different physical activities at a low level of performance. You
may be able to compete at a high level due to natural ability or
because you have acquired a high skill level in that activity.
Specific fitness is necessary if the activity you take part in is
particularly demanding or if you are competing at a high level. This
means you must prepare specifically for the needs of this activity.
You can achieve specific fitness by training.
What is strength?
There are different types of strength; each has a different effect on
the body static strength, explosive strength and dynamic strength.
Static strength is the greatest amount of force that can be applied to
an immovable object, like in a rugby scrum. Explosive strength is the
muscular strength used in one short sharp movement, like a sprinter
leaving the starting blocks. Dynamic strength is the muscular strength
a sports person needs to...